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Tufts University Department of Urban + Environmental Policy + Planning UEP 0285-01/NUTR 0285-01 Food Justice: Critical Approaches in Policy and Planning Fall 2018 Tuesday 1:30-4:00pm in Brown House, 97 Talbot Ave Professor Julian Agyeman 617-627-4017 [email protected] Teaching Assistant Rachel Hoh [email protected] My Blog, lots of ideas and links to other Blogs: http://julianagyeman.com/blog/ My Twitter site: https://twitter.com/julianagyeman Office hours: Wednesday 10:00 am – 4:00pm by appointment Course Description This class offers students different lenses, such as critical race theory to see how the intersectionalities of race, class, gender, sexuality, ability and citizenship play out in the development of systemic structural and socio-spatial inequities and injustices in food systems. It develops an understanding and contextualization of the role of food justice activism within the broader narrative of the alternative food movement and offers emerging ideas about how policymakers and planners can take a role in increasing food justice beyond the more mainstream and ultimately contested notions of what is ‘local’ and ‘sustainable.’ The course will help participants chart their role(s) in advocating for ‘just sustainabilities’ as a defining factor in becoming food systems planners and policymakers. Goals
Goal 1 - Understanding and Contextualizing the Role of Food Justice in the Alternative Food Movement This class first seeks to build an understanding of food justice in the food system and in the food movement. This entails building the theoretical lenses that bring justice to the forefront of the dialogue. It is through these lenses that we will look at the role of the planner and policy maker in the food system. Goal 2 - Understanding the Role(s) of the Planner in the Food System: International, National and ‘Local’ Contexts The second goal of this course is to build a general understanding of the role of the planner and policy maker in the food system. To do this we will look at the strategies and dialogue, particularly within the APA, regarding the role that planners and policy makers can take in building a stronger food system. This includes dialogue around food policy councils, advocating for urban agriculture (re-)zoning, integrating healthy foods in public schools, including food systems in comprehensive plans and as part of a community economic development planning, supporting direct marketing schemes, etc. The established theoretical lenses will help inform our analysis of this dialogue and our introduction to food systems in planning and policy making. Goal 3 - Understanding Potential Roles for the Planner in Planning for Food Justice The third goal of this class involves combining our theoretical approaches and our growing knowledge of current strategies in food systems planning. Here students will have the chance to tease apart the role of policy and planning in an organization or project and consider how social justice plays out in its work in policy and planning on the ground. Course Book and Readings The course book is:
Alkon, A., & Agyeman, J. (eds). (2011). Cultivating Food Justice: Race, Class and Sustainability. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press. [It is available from the campus bookstore.] The Required Readings in this syllabus are either in the Course Book, or are available as PDFs in the Class Description and Reading Assignments under ‘Syllabus’ on Canvas. Where the relevant reading/video is a web-based resource, simply click on the URL. Clearly, to cover the ground of this syllabus will require that students complete all the Required Readings before each class and come to class ready to discuss these readings. I have also added Recommended Readings for some classes. The course is reading-intensive, discussion-driven, and hands-on. In addition to discussing readings in a seminar‐style setting, we will also hear from guest speakers and you will have a practical project to complete as a group. Assessment Class Participation 10% Active class participation is a crucial part of this seminar and makes 10% of your final grade. To achieve full marks in class participation, you will need to make useful and insightful comments in each class. Remember however that we respect all opinions and positions and that we treat every class member and his/her opinions with grace and dignity. Assignment 1
Weekly Reflection 20%
Beginning after Class 1 (September 4) I’d like you to submit to our Canvas Forum by Friday at 5.00pm each week, a 500-750 word ‘thought piece’ on your reflections on the week’s readings/speakers including your own thoughts (challenges, conflicts, agreements, disagreements) about how you as an intending policy/planning professional relate to the readings and class discussion. Assignment 2 The ‘aha’ Chapter! (10%)
For any chapter in Cultivating Food Justice: Race, Class and Sustainability (Alkon & Agyeman, MIT Press), write a 2 page, single space ‘aha’ piece on a) why the chapter has excited you and b) how it might inform your professional practice (I know you don’t know what job you may be doing!). Due Class 11 (November 20) Assignment 3 Case Study (60%) Choose an existing food justice-related organization according to your interests (it could be local, regional, national, international) and undertake a Case Study on it. You should incorporate as many data sources as possible including policy documents, web materials, leaflets, media outputs, and interviews. Please note, I’m open to this being undertaken in pairs. Your case study of roughly 10 pages (and a 10 minute Powerpoint) should attempt to address the following: 1) What is the history, mission and scope of the organization? 2) What sources of funding does the organization use? 3) Who are the Board/Staff members? 4) What is the organization’s definition of food justice? 5) What can you say about the demographics of the populations served by the organization? 6) How does the organization do outreach? 7) Does the organization have a policy on DEI (Diversity, Equity and Inclusion)? 8) What are the Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities and Threats in the organization’s work? 9) Using whatever criteria you deem useful, assess whether the organization is ‘successful’ in achieving its mission 10) If you were to recommend 5 key readings from class that you think would help the organization both strategically and organizationally, which would they be, and why? Due Class 13, December 4th as both a Powerpoint presentation and a Case Study report. Tufts Academic Integrity and Code of Conduct
You will be responsible for following Tufts Academic Integrity Policy and the Student Code of Conduct. Both of these are found on the Student Affairs - Publications web site. Please read these carefully! Note this site also describes the Student Judicial Process that describes your rights as a student at Tufts and the process to follow if you feel these have been violated. Plagiarism will not be tolerated. Tufts faculty are required to report any instance of plagiarism to the Dean's office - at that point, we have no control over the situation. Please read and review Preventing Plagiarism on the Tufts Academic Resources Center site to understand the various types of plagiarism, including those you may not be aware of. If you have ANY questions, please contact either instructor early in the semester before you write any assignments. Otherwise we will assume you clearly understand the plagiarism guidelines. Style Guidelines All written work must be consistent with the style guidelines of one of the two major style guides used at UEP - the Chicago Manual of Style (MLA) or the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (APA). Both provide clear guidelines for referencing and citing other works. You may buy either of these - they will be a useful long-term reference. The Purdue Online Writing Lab also has extremely good guidance to both styles. Students with Disabilities The Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) is a federal anti-discrimination statute that provides comprehensive civil rights protection for persons with disabilities. Among other things, this legislation requires that all students with disabilities be guaranteed a learning environment that provides for reasonable accommodation of their disabilities. If you believe you have a disability requiring an accommodation, please contact the Tufts Accessibility Services office.
Tentative schedule Class
Temporal and Spatial Contexts of Food Systems and Movements
Theoretical Lenses - Critical Race
Theory, Gender, Feminism, SettlerColonialism and White Spaces
The Foundation: American Planning
Case Study organization
name to Rachel
Current Policy and Planning Tools 1
Current Policy and Planning Tools 2 -
Guest: Amy Laura Cahn,
City and State Food Strategies
Monday schedule on Tuesday
Access and ‘Food Deserts’
Case Study check in
Current Programming: Public Schools,
Guest: Mehreen Ismail,
Nutrition Assistance (SNAP, WIC), and
Health Impact Assessments 8
Urban and Rural Transitions
Food Sovereignty in the Global North and Global South
Nov. 13 Food Workers, Farmworkers, Migration, and Gender
Nov. 20 Autotopography, Food Trucks, and Place Making
‘Aha’ Chapter paper due Nov. 20
Nov. 27 The Immigrant-Food Nexus: Food Systems, Immigration Policy, and Immigrant Foodways in North America
Case Study presentations
Your weekly forum is due each Friday by 5:00pm.
Case Study report due
Class 1. September 4: Temporal and Spatial Contexts of Food Systems and Movements In this class we first review the course, then, in the second half of the class, we review the history and context of the food movement from mainstream to radical perspectives. This is intended to give you a brief reminder of where things stand as regards some of the key food justice issues. Required Readings Steel, C. (2009). “How food shapes our cities.” TED Talk. https://www.ted.com/talks/carolyn_steel_how_food_shapes_our_cities?language=en Alkon, A. H., & Agyeman, J. (2011). Introduction: The food movement as polyculture. In A.H. Alkon & J. Agyeman (Eds.), Cultivating food justice: Race, class, and sustainability (120). Cambridge, MA: MIT Press. Holt-Giménez, E. (2011). Food security, food justice, or food sovereignty. Crises, food movements, and regime change. In A.H. Alkon & J. Agyeman (Eds.), Cultivating food justice: Race, class, and sustainability (309-330). Cambridge, MA: MIT Press. Allen, P. (2008). Mining for justice in the food system: Perceptions, practices, and possibilities. Agriculture and Human Values, 25(2), 157-161. (PDF) Glennie, C and Alkon, A (2018) Food justice: cultivating the field Environmental Research Letters 13 (PDF) Institute for Agricultural and Trade Policy. (2013). Principles of Food Justice. (PDF) Class 2. September 11: Theoretical Lenses - Critical Race Theory, Gender, Feminism, Settler-Colonialism and White Spaces. This class introduces a variety of lenses from which we will approach food justice topics throughout the semester. After the class video and a brief presentation on ‘critical’ research, reading groups will summarize their texts and open discussion will follow.
In Class Video: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HRhttqJ-vA4 Alison Hope Alkon, Assistant Professor, University of the Pacific, Stockton, CA. Before class, please watch: Redmond, L. (2013). “Food + Justice = Democracy.” Tedx Talks. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ydZfSuz-Hu8 Required Readings by Group: Each group will present for 10 minutes using a Powerpoint to cover: a) key points in the readings, and b) how do your readings advance y/our understanding of power relations in food systems? GROUP A Omi, M., & Winant, H. (1994). Racial Formation. In Racial Formation in the United States: From the 1960s to the 1990s (53-76). New York, NY: Routledge. (PDF) Guthman, J. (2011). “If they only knew”: The unbearable whiteness of alternative food. In A.H. Alkon & J. Agyeman (Eds.), Cultivating food justice: Race, class, and sustainability, (263-281). Cambridge, MA: MIT Press. McClintock, N (2018). Urban agriculture, racial capitalism and resistance in the settlercolonial city. Geography Compass 12(6) (PDF) GROUP B Pulido, L. (1996). A critical review of the methodology of environmental racism research. Antipode, 28(2), 142-159. (PDF) Potorti, M (2014) Feeding Revolution: The Black Panther Party and the Politics of Food. Radical Teacher No. 98 (PDF) McIntosh, P. (1989). White Privilege: Unpacking the Invisible Knapsack. (PDF) Norgaard, K.M., Reed, R., & Van Horn, C. (2011). A Continuing Legacy: Institutional Racism, Hunger, and Nutritional Justice on the Klamath. In A.H. Alkon & J. Agyeman (Eds.), Cultivating food justice: Race, class, and sustainability, (23-46). Cambridge, MA: MIT Press. GROUP C
Slocum, R. (2006). Anti‐Racist Practice and the Work of Community Food Organizations. Antipode, 38(2), 327-349. (PDF) Ramírez, M. M. (2015). The Elusive Inclusive: Black Food Geographies and Racialized Food Spaces. Antipode, 47(3), 748-769. (PDF) Sbicca, J. (2012). Growing food justice by planting an anti-oppression foundation: opportunities and obstacles for a budding social movement. Agriculture and Human Values, 29(4), 455-466. (PDF) GROUP D Kobayashi, A., & Peake, L. (2000). Racism out of place: Thoughts on whiteness and an antiracist geography in the new millennium. Annals of the Association of American geographers, 90(2), 392-403. (PDF) Giancatarino, A., & Noor, S. (2014). Building the case for racial equity in the food system. New York, NY: Center for Social Inclusion. (PDF) Read at least the Executive Summary Harper, B. A. (2011). Vegans of Color, Racialized Embodiment, and Problematics of the “Exotics.” In A.H. Alkon & J. Agyeman (Eds.), Cultivating food justice: Race, class, and sustainability, (221-238). Cambridge, MA: MIT Press. Class 3. September 18: The Foundation - American Planning and Food This class builds an understanding of the current context for food systems planning within the planning field. It situates food justice within the context of the American Planning Association. 2007. “Policy Guide on Community and Regional Food Systems,” which has sections on ‘Food Systems and Equity’ and ‘Native and Ethnic Food Cultures’ (Give Case Study organization name to Rachel) Required Readings: Pothukuchi, K., & Kaufman, J. L. (2000). The food system: A stranger to the planning field. Journal of the American Planning Association. 66(2), 113-124. (PDF)
Born, B., & Purcell, M. (2006). Avoiding the local trap scale and food systems in planning research. Journal of Planning Education and Research, 26(2), 195-207. (PDF). DuPuis, M.E., Lindsey Harrison, J and Goodman, D (2011) Just Food. In A.H. Alkon & J. Agyeman (Eds.), Cultivating food justice: Race, class, and sustainability, (283-308). Cambridge, MA: MIT Press. American Planning Association. (2007). Policy Guide on Community and Regional Food Systems. American Planning Association. (PDF) Horst, M, McClintock, N, & Hoey, L (2017) The Intersection of Planning, Urban Agriculture, and Food Justice: A Review of the Literature, Journal of the American Planning Association, 83:3, 277-295, (PDF) Campbell, M. C. (2004). Building a Common Table: The Role for Planning in Community Food Systems. Journal of Planning Education and Research, 23(4), 341-355. (PDF) McClintock, N. (2014). Radical, reformist, and garden-variety neoliberal: coming to terms with urban agriculture's contradictions. Local Environment: The International Journal of Justice and Sustainability, 19(2), 147-171. (PDF) Recommended Readings Pothukuchi, K. (2009). Community and regional food planning: Building institutional support in the United States. International Planning Studies, 14(4), 349-367. (PDF) Raja, S., Born, B., & Russell Kozlowski, J. (2008). A Planner’s Guide to Community and Regional Food Planning: Transforming Food Environments, Facilitating Healthy Eating. Planning Advisory Service (PAS) Series, (554). Chicago and Washington, DC: American Planning Association. (PDF) Especially Chapters 1, 2, and 6 Cadji, J., & Alkon, A. (2014). One day, the white people are going to want these houses again: Understanding gentrification through the North Oakland farmers market. In S. Zavestoski and J. Agyeman (eds), Incomplete streets: Processes, practices and possibilities (154-175). London: Routledge. (PDF)
Class 4. September 25: Current Policy and Planning Tools 1 This class offers a consideration of various tools at the planner and policy maker’s disposal for addressing food systems issues. These include zoning (which our guest speaker will talk about), licensing, food policy councils, community food assessments, food hubs/regional food infrastructure, health impact assessments, collaboration/community dialogue facilitation, networking, monitoring and evaluation, green infrastructure/inter-agency collaboration with landscape designers, etc. Guest speaker: TBA Required Readings Boston Redevelopment Authority. (2013). Article 89 Urban Agriculture. http://www.bostonredevelopmentauthority.org/getattachment/a573190c-9305-45a583b1-735c0801e73e Nihart, A., Robb, W., & Hyman, J. (2012). Burlington Urban Agriculture Task Force Report to Burlington Food Council. Burlington, VT: Burlington Urban Agriculture Task Force. https://dl.dropboxusercontent.com/u/14609070/UrbanAgTaskForceReport.pdf ChangeLab Solutions. (2012). Licensing and Zoning: Tools for Public Health. Oakland, CA: ChangeLab Solutions. (PDF) Thibert, J. (2012). Making local planning work for urban agriculture in the North American context a view from the ground. Journal of Planning Education and Research, 32(3), 349-357. (PDF) Recommended Readings Feldstein, L., Jacbus, R., & Laurison, H.B. (2007). Economic Development and Redevelopment: A Toolkit for Building Healthy, Vibrant Cities. California Department of Health and Services. (PDF)
Class 5. October 2: Current Policy and Planning Tools 2 - City and State Food Strategies This class looks at how some cities and states are currently addressing the food system through declarations, food action plans, food strategies and urban food policy plans. In what ways is a space for food-based policy making being created and what roles can planners take? Where are issues of equity either included or lacking in these public documents? What will be necessary to realize the goals stated in these documents? In Class Exercise: SWOT Analysis of Seattle Food Action Plan and Massachusetts Local Food Action Plan Required Reading This first reading will serve as a framework for considering what is possible in municipal and state food plans with respect to food justice. The next two readings offer examples of city and state food plans and will be used for SWOT analysis. Rocha, C. (2016) Opportunities and Challenges in Urban Food Security Policy: the case of Belo Horizonte, Brazil. In Deakin, M., Borrelli, N. and Diamantini, D., eds., The Governance of city food systems: Case studies from around the world. Milan: Fondazione Feltrinelli. Pages 29-40 (PDF) Milan Urban Food Policy Pact (2015) http://www.milanurbanfoodpolicypact.org City of Seattle. (2012). Food Action Plan. (PDF) Metropolitan Area Planning Council, Franklin Regional Council of Governments, Pioneer Valley Planning Commission, and Massachusetts Workforce Alliance. (2015). Massachusetts Local Food Action Plan. (PDF) Available at http://mafoodsystem.org/wp-content/uploads/2015/12/MLFSPFull.pdf Please focus on the Plan Summary (p. 1-10); Introduction (p. 11-19); Food Access, Security, and Health (p. 118-137); and one additional section of choice. Sonnino, R. (2009). Feeding the City: Towards a New Research and Planning Agenda. International Planning Studies, 14(4), 425-435. (PDF)
Recommended Readings Dilisio, C., & Hodgson, K. (2011). Food Policy Councils: Helping local, regional, and state governments address food system challenges. Chicago, IL: American Planning Association. (PDF) UEP Field Project Team 8. (2013). “Urban Farming in Boston: A Survey of Opportunities.”(PDF) Bohn, K., & Viljoen, A. (2011). The edible city: Envisioning the continuous productive urban landscape (CPUL). FIELD, 4(1), 149-161. (PDF) October 9: NO CLASS Class 6. October 16: Access and ‘Food Deserts’ Contrary to what many economists might tell us, food deserts aren’t simply a market abnormality but are created through a combination of industrial location, city planning, and racist mortgage lending practices. (Case study check-in) Required Readings Finley, R. (2013). “A guerilla gardener in South Central LA” TED Talk. https://www.ted.com/talks/ron_finley_a_guerilla_gardener_in_south_central_la?language =en McClintock, N. (2011). From Industrial Garden to Food Desert: Demarcated Devaluation in the Flatlands of Oakland, California. In A.H. Alkon & J. Agyeman (Eds.), Cultivating food justice: Race, class, and sustainability, (89-121). Cambridge, MA: MIT Press. Clifton, K. J. (2004). Mobility strategies and food shopping for low-income families a case study. Journal of Planning Education and Research, 23(4), 402-413. (PDF)
Alkon, A. (2008). Paradise or pavement: the social constructions of the environment in two urban farmers' markets and their implications for environmental justice and sustainability. Local Environment, 13(3), 271-289. (PDF) Zitcer, A. (2015). Food Co‐ops and the Paradox of Exclusivity. Antipode, 47(3), 812-828. (PDF) Raja, S., Ma, C., & Yadav, P. (2008). Beyond food deserts measuring and mapping racial disparities in neighborhood food environments. Journal of Planning Education and Research, 27(4), 469-482. (PDF) Whelan, A., Wrigley, N., Warm, D., & Cannings, E. (2002). Life in a 'food desert'. Urban Studies, 39 (11), 2083-2100. (PDF) Recommended Readings Hagan, E., & Rubin, V. (2013). Economic and Community Development Outcomes of Healthy Food Retail. Oakland, CA: Policy Link. (PDF) Sherriff, G. (2009). Towards healthy local food: issues in achieving just sustainability. Local Environment: The International Journal of Justice and Sustainability 14(1), 73-92. (PDF) Feierabend, K. (2012). Making the Connection: Community Health Centers & Healthy Food Access. Tufts University UEP Thesis. (PDF) Class 7. October 23: Current Programming: Public Schools, Nutrition Assistance (SNAP, WIC), and Health Impact Assessments What food justice issues are embedded in nutrition assistance programs, and how have these shifted over time? How prescriptive should public assistance programs be? Do we see a lack of cultural competencies embedded in the framework of these programs? Guest Speaker: Mehreen Ismail, PhD Candidate in Food Policy and Applied Nutrition Friedman School of Nutrition Science and Policy. Required Readings
Council of Economic Advisers (2018). Expanding work requirements in non-cash welfare programs. White House. Washington DC. (PDF) Murphy, S.P, Yaktine, A.L., Suitor, C.W., & Moats, S., eds. (2011). Child and Adult Care Food Program: Aligning Dietary Guidance for All. Washington, D.C.: National Academics Press. [Read Summary, pp. 1-14] (PDF) Schwartz, M. (2017). Moving beyond the debate over restricting sugary drinks in the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 52(2S2): S199-S205. (PDF) USDA Food and Nutrition Service. (2011). The benefits of increasing the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) participation in your state (PDF) Class 8. October 30: Urban and Rural Transitions How do urban and rural food insecurities and access issues play out? How are they similar and how are they different (and what does this mean when trying to plan for food justice)? Who is affected? How can planners take into account rural-urban relationships and value each, when working in food systems planning? Required Readings Hagey, A., Rice, S., & Flournoy, R. (2012). Growing Urban Agriculture: Equitable Strategies and Policies for Improving Access to Healthy Food and Revitalizing Communities. Oakland, CA: PolicyLink. (PDF) McEntee, J. (2011). Realizing Rural Food Justice: Divergent Locals in the Northeastern United States. In A.H. Alkon & J. Agyeman (Eds.), Cultivating food justice: Race, class, and sustainability, (239-262). Cambridge, MA: MIT Press. (UEP alum) Gilbert, J., Sharp, G., & Felin, M. S. (2002). The Loss and Persistence of Black-Owned Farms and Farmland: A Review of the Research Literature and Its Implications. Southern Rural Sociology, 18(2), 1-30. (PDF)
McCutcheon, P. (2011). Community Food Security By Us, For Us. The Nation of Islam and the Pan African Orthodox Church. In A.H. Alkon & J. Agyeman (Eds.), Cultivating food justice: Race, class, and sustainability, (177-196). Cambridge, MA: MIT Press. Class 9. November 6: Food Sovereignty in the Global North and Global South Does ‘food sovereignty’ as both a concept and a movement, fundamentally differ in the Global North and the Global South? What is the relationship or tension between A) communities taking control of their food system to create democratic and just production and access frameworks through things like land takeovers and guerrilla farming and B) the role of the cities, local governments, legal frameworks and private ownership in granting access to resources ‘legitimately?’ In what ways can the planner liaise between these groups, facilitating relationships that foster legal rights/ownership to land (i.e. facilitate city policy change, legal representation for community groups etc.)? There are three required readings for all students. Each group will present for 10 minutes using a Powerpoint to cover: a) key points in the readings, and b) how do your readings advance y/our understanding of food sovereignty? Open discussion to follow. Required Readings ALL GROUPS Nyéléni. 2007. Declaration of Nyéléni. Available from http://nyeleni.org/spip.php?article290 Brent, Z. W., Schiavoni, C. M., & Alonso-Fradejas, A. (2015). Contextualising food sovereignty: the politics of convergence among movements in the USA. Third World Quarterly, 36(3), 618-635. (PDF) Alonso-Fradejas, A., Borras Jr, S. M., Holmes, T., Holt-Giménez, E., & Robbins, M. J. (2015). Food sovereignty: convergence and contradictions, conditions and challenges. Third World Quarterly, 36(3), 431-448. (PDF) GROUP A
Block, D. R., Chávez, N., Allen, E., & Ramirez, D. (2012). Food sovereignty, urban food access, and food activism: contemplating the connections through examples from Chicago. Agriculture and Human Values, 29(2), 203-215. (PDF) Patel, R. (2009). What does food sovereignty look like? The Journal of Peasant Studies 36(3), 663-673. (PDF) GROUP B Gibb, N., & Wittman, H. (2013). Parallel alternatives: Chinese-Canadian farmers and the Metro Vancouver local food movement. Local Environment, 18(1), 1-19. (PDF) Wattnem, T. (2016). Seed laws, certification and standardization: outlawing informal seed systems in the Global South. The Journal of Peasant Studies, 1-18. (PDF) GROUP C (2011). “Local Food and Community Self-Governance: An Ordinance to protect the Health and Integrity of the Local Food System in the Town of ___________, ____________ County, Maine.” (PDF) Hassanein, N. (2003). Practicing food democracy: a pragmatic politics of transformation. Journal of Rural Studies, 19(1), 77-86. (PDF) Lambek, N., & Claeys, P. (2016). Institutionalizing a fully realized right to food: Progress, limitations, and lessons learned from emerging alternative policy models. Vermont Law Review, 40, 743. GROUP D Bedore, M. (2010). Just urban food systems: A new direction for food access and urban social justice. Geography Compass, 4(9), 1418-1432. (PDF) Edelman, M., Weis, T., Baviskar, A., Borras Jr, S. M., Holt-Giménez, E., Kandiyoti, D., & Wolford, W. (2014). Introduction: critical perspectives on food sovereignty. Journal of Peasant Studies, 41(6), 911-931. (PDF) Recommended Readings
Campaign to Take Back Vacant Land. (2011). Put Abandoned Land in Our Hands: A CityCommunity Partnership to Transform Blight into Jobs, Homes and Parks. Philadelphia, PA: Campaign to Take Back Vacant Land. (PDF) Heynen, N., Kurtz, H. E., & Trauger, A. (2012). Food Justice, Hunger and the City. Geography Compass, 6(5), 304-311. (PDF) Class 10. November 13: Food Workers, Farmworkers, Migration, and Gender What can the planner or policy maker do to ensure justice and equity for farm and food workers, in a globalized marketplace? Advocate for labor halls? Facilitate discussions between unionizers and policy makers? How should the planner or policymaker speak on behalf of this population? In Class Video: Harvest of Dignity (29 mins) http://pic.tv/harvest/video/harvest-ofdignity/ Required Readings Ammons, S. (2014). Shining a light in dark places: Raising up the work of Southern Women of Color in the food system. New York, NY: Center for Social Inclusion. (PDF) Minkoff-Zern, L., Peluso, N., Sowerwine. J., & Getz, S. (2011). Race and Regulation: Asian Immigrants in California Agriculture. In A.H. Alkon & J. Agyeman (Eds.), Cultivating food justice: Race, class, and sustainability, (65-86). Cambridge, MA: MIT Press. Brown, S., & Getz, C. (2011). Farmworker Food Insecurity and the Production of Hunger in California. In A.H. Alkon & J. Agyeman (Eds.), Cultivating food justice: Race, class, and sustainability, (121-146). Cambridge, MA: MIT Press. Liu, Y.Y., & Apollon, D. (2011). The Color of Food. Oakland, CA: Applied Research Center (now called Race Forward: The Center for Racial Justice Innovation). (PDF) Oliva, J. (2011). The Restaurant Opportunities Center. Food Movements Unite! P.173-186 (PDF)
Recommended Readings Farmworker Advocacy Network/NC Council of Churches Harvest of Dignity Study Guide Class 11. November 20: Autotopography, Food Trucks, and Place Making (‘Aha’ Chapter due today) To what extent can agriculture and food be used by low-income communities, people of color and immigrants to create authentic places and streetscapes? Required Readings Minkoff-Zern, L. A. (2012). Pushing the boundaries of indigeneity and agricultural knowledge: Oaxacan immigrant gardening in California. Agriculture and Human Values, 29(3), 381-392. (PDF) Agyeman, J. (2011, October 13). New agricultures, cultural diversity and foodways. Retrieved from http://julianagyeman.com/2011/10/new-agricultures-cultural-diversityand-foodways/ Valiente-Neighbours, J. M. (2012). Mobility, embodiment, and scales: Filipino immigrant perspectives on local food. Agriculture and Human Values, 29(4), 531-541. (PDF) Saldivar-Tanaka, L., & Krasny, M. E. (2004). Culturing community development, neighborhood open space, and civic agriculture: The case of Latino community gardens in New York City. Agriculture and Human Values, 21(4), 399-412. (PDF) Mares, T.M., & Peña, D. (2011). Environmental and Food Justice: Toward Local, Slow, and Deep Food Systems. In A.H. Alkon & J. Agyeman (Eds.), Cultivating food justice: Race, class, and sustainability, (197-220). Cambridge, MA: MIT Press. Agyeman, J, Matthews, C and Sobel, H (2017). Introduction. In Agyeman, J, Matthews, C and Sobel, H (eds) Food trucks, cultural identity and social justice: From Loncheras to Lobsta Love. (PDF)
Kapell, H., Katon, P., Koski, A., Li, J., Price, C., & Thalhammer, K. (ND). Food Cartology: Rethinking Urban Spaces as People Spaces. Portland, OR: Urban Vitality Group. (PDF) Flores, A. (2010, May). Portland Food Carts: Twitter Me This: Taco Trucks and Cupcakes Gentrification, Evolution or Something in Between? PowerPoint presentation at the APA Contesting the Streets Conference, Los Angeles, CA. (PDF) Class 12. November 27: The Immigrant-Food Nexus: Food Systems, Immigration Policy, and Immigrant Foodways in North America
Immigrants understand the performativity, materiality, and intimacy of food carried across time and space. They understand the multiplicity of cultural, religious, and social meanings embedded within the cuisines they create and consume. These foodways are anything but static. Migrants carry complex and life-affirming foodways with them as both memories and dreams, creating an umbilical link between where one is from and where one is now. Food thus provides a grand stage for the performance of trans-local identities, boundary transformation, belongings and becomings in a new land. In the wake of the 2016 US presidential election, media pundits and academics scrambled to provide insights into the likely effects of the new administration’s controversial immigration policy goals: stricter enforcement and mass-deportation of 11 million undocumented immigrants living and working in the US. One area of question emerged prominently: how would the proposed immigration policies impact our food system? This class is based on Agyeman and Giacalone (2019) The Immigrant-Food Nexus: Food Systems, Immigration Policy, and Immigrant Foodways in North America (forthcoming, MIT Press). Please read: Agyeman, J and Giacalone, S Introduction p 4-22 (PDF)
Schmid, M Enterprising Women of Mexican-American Farming Families in Southern Appalachia p 52-76 (PDF) Joassart-Marcelli, P and Bosco, F Contested Ethnic Foodscapes: Survival, Appropriation and Resistance in Gentrifying Immigrant Neighborhoods p 177-205 (PDF) Huang, S Food from Home and Food from Here: Disassembling Locality in Local Food Systems with Refugees and Immigrants in Anchorage, Alaska p 227-250 (PDF) Linton, J The Canadian Dream: Multicultural Agrarian Narratives in Ontario p 251-274 (PDF) Class 13 December 4: Presentations Students will be given up to 10 minutes to present key findings from their Case Studies.