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IOM IN UGANDA South Sudan Moyo Yumbe
D.R. Congo Kenya
Rwanda Tanzania Districts of Kampala, Hoima, Yumbe, Moyo, Mukono, Isingiro, Mbarara, Rakai, Kiryandongo, Lyantonde, Kyegegwa, Kisoro, Ntungamo Amudat, Kaabong, Moroto; and in the refugee settlements of Nakivale, Kyangwali, Kyaka ll, Palorinya and Bidibidi.
IOM Director General William Lacy Swing with some of IOM Uganda’s staff in Kampala, May 2017
Foreword 2 IOM in Brief 3 Our Partners 4 Migration Governance 5 Migrant Assistance 7 Immigration and Border Management 11 Social Cohesion and Stability in Slums 13 Emergency Response 16 Movement and Resettlement Operations 19 Migration Health Assessment and Travel Assistance 22 Migration Health Promotion 24 Visa Application Centre 26
C O N T E N T S 1
FOREWORD its Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH) support to the South Sudanese refugees and the host communities in Moyo and Yumbe districts. Our Refugee Resettlement, Migration Health Assessment, and Migration Health Promotion interventions continued to grow in 2017, as did the Canada Visa Centre and Assisted Voluntary Return and Reintegration services.
t is my pleasure to present to you the 2017 Report of IOM Uganda. This report is a summary of the work IOM Uganda and its partners did in 2017, to support the efforts of the Government and other actors to manage migration and address related challenges. IOM Uganda had a very busy 2017, ahead of the 2018 negotiations on the Global Compact on Migration, and thanks to Uganda’s growing migration challenges in the period under review. Throughout 2017, IOM continued supporting the National Coordination Mechanism on Migration (NCM), and in May, the Government of Uganda, with IOM support, hosted the Pan African Forum on Migration (PAFoM). This meeting was also attended at different times by both the IOM Director General, Ambassador William Lacy Swing, and the Deputy Director General, Ambassador Laura Thompson. As a member of the United Nations family, IOM was actively involved in its activities in Uganda, including the Solidarity Summit on Refugees in June, the UN Day in October, and the various UN Country Team engagements. In Uganda, the big migration story for 2017 revolved around the influx of South Sudanese refugees which topped an unprecedented 1 million by the close of the year. Thanks to our donors – European Union Humanitarian Aid (DG ECHO) and the UN Central Emergency Response Fund (CERF) – IOM has scaled up 2
But the story of IOM Uganda in 2017 can’t be complete without mentioning the ongoing Strengthening Social Cohesion and Stability in Slum Populations project (SSCoS) funded by the European Union Trust Fund. SSCoS has yet again demonstrated IOM’s versatility, with upstream partnerships with the Police and the Kampala Capital City Authority (KCCA), as well as downstream engagement with small business owners and start-ups in slums. These and many other activities are covered briefly in this report. But there is a lot more regularly shared on IOM Uganda’s digital media platforms such as the website (http://Uganda. iom.int); Facebook (IOMUganda); Twitter (@ iom_uganda) and YouTube (IOM Uganda). Please drop by, like/follow us, and leave a comment to help us serve you better. To the Government of Uganda, and to partners in United Nations, civil society, private sectors, and elsewhere, I say “Thank You” for the strong relationships. A vote of thanks, too, to the entire IOM Uganda staff for their hard work and dedication. Finally, in a special way, I would like to thank all our esteemed donors for their continued support. Without your support, we would not be able to put our heads and hands where our hearts are – in working to ensure that migration is safe, humane and orderly.
Ali ABDI Chief of Mission February 2018
IOM IN UGANDA
STABLISHED in 1951, the International Organization for Migration (IOM) is committed to the principle that humane and orderly migration benefits both migrants and society in general. As the United Nations Migration Agency, IOM works with its partners to assist in meeting the growing operational challenges of migration, advance understanding of migration issues, encourage social and economic development through migration, and uphold the wellbeing and human rights of migrants. The IOM constitution gives explicit recognition to the link between migration and economic, social and cultural development, as well as to the principle of freedom of movement of persons. By the end of 2017, IOM had 169 member states, 8 countries holding observer Status, and offices in more than 100 countries. IOM works in the four broad areas of migration management: migration and development, facilitating migration, regulating migration, and addressing forced migration. Cross-cutting activities include the promotion of international migration law, policy debate and guidance, protection of migrants’ rights, migration health and the gender dimension of migration. In Uganda, the IOM mission was established in 1988 and has since been supporting the Government to address migration challenges, and building capacity of relevant stakeholders. Besides its head office in Kampala, IOM has field sub-offices in Nakivale, Kyangwali and Kyaka II, Palorinya and Bidibidi refugee settlements, as well as a presence in Moroto in the Karamoja sub-region.
IOM also operates a Migration Health Assessment Centre (MHAC), a Transit Centre for refugees, and the Canada Visa Application Centre, in Kampala. IOM implements a range of programmatic interventions in areas such as Movement and Resettlement; Emergency Response; Migration Health (Assessments and Promotion); Labour Migration and Human Development; CounterTrafficking and Migrant Assistance, including return and reintegration assistance for stranded migrants; Immigration and Border Management; and Migration Governance. In terms of broad objectives, IOM Uganda works to: • Enhance capacity, knowledge and dialogue on migration, migration management, and migration policy-making among relevant stakeholders. • Promote safe and regular migration, in full respect of the human rights of all migrants, with a view to improving development outcomes of migration for migrants and communities. • Build and enhance capacity for responses to migration dimensions of humanitarian crises, with a focus both on vulnerable mobile populations and affected communities.
P A R T N E R S O U R 4
l Office of the Prime Minister (OPM) l Ministry of Internal Affairs l European Union l United Nations Central Emergency Response Fund (CERF) l IOM Development Fund l IOM’s Global Assistance Fund l Irish Aid (through Joint UN Programme of Support on AIDS) l Ministry of Gender, Labour and Social Development l European Union Humanitarian Aid l Ministry of Foreign Affairs l Ministry of Health l Private Health sector (Clinics, Hospitals and laboratories) l Ministry of Agriculture, Animal Industry and Fisheries l Ministry of Energy and Minerals Development l Ministry of Works and Transport l Uganda AIDS Commission l Kampala Capital City Authority (KCCA) l German International Cooperation Agency (GIZ) Federation of Uganda Employers l Recruitment agencies l District local Governments in areas of operation l UNHCR l Resettlement Support Center (RSC) Nairobil HIAS Kampala l Canadian Embassy l Swedish Embassy Kampala l Danish Embassy Kampala l US Embassy Kampala l Embassy of Norway l Embassy of Belgium l United Nations Country Team l VFS Global l Canada Immigration and Citizenship (CIC) l Centers for Disease Control (CDC) l Inter-Governmental Authority on Development (IGAD).
Enhancing Capacities, Cooperation, Partnerships
s the world witnessed unprecedented levels of migration, the year 2017 was a particularly busy year on the migration governance front as IOM continued its work with various partners to shape platforms for local and international cooperation. This was especially so because much of the focus was on the Global Compact on Migration (GCM), which is expected to be finalized in 2018. In Uganda, IOM maintained its focus on interagency coordination, one of the core pillars of the whole-of-Government approach to migration management. As part of a regional project,“Building Regional and National Capacities for Improved Migration Governance in the IGAD Region”, IOM continued to build the capacity of the National Coordination Mechanism on Migration (NCM). The NCM brings together various ministries and agencies, international organizations and civil society organizations with a migration-related role. With support from its International Migration Law (IML) unit in Geneva, IOM trained 30 members of the NCM (11 women, 19 men), on IML. Participants included officials from various Government and non- Governmental institutions who are members of the NCM. The training delved into the key international principles and frameworks surrounding migration governance. At the end of the training, participants demonstrated increased knowledge on the subject and on migration management in general. IOM provided participants with IML manuals to ensure continuous learning. Global Compact IOM supported the Government of Uganda (GoU) to hold national consultations towards the Global Compact for Safe, Orderly and Regular migration (GCM). The New York Declaration for Refugees and Migrants, set out steps towards the achievement of a GCM 6
IOM Director General William Lacy Swing (Right) meets Ugandan Prime minister Ruhakana Rugunda in the Premier’s Office when the DG was in Kampala for PAFoM.
including national stakeholder consultations by member states. The GCM is expected to make an important contribution to global migration governance by presenting a framework for comprehensive international cooperation on migrants and human mobility. The Uganda national consultation was officially opened by the Minister of State for Internal Affairs, Hon. Obiga Mario Kania. It featured open discussions
Some of the participants during consultations on the Global Compact on Migration in Entebbe.
Prime Minister Ruhakana Rugunda with IOM Deputy Director General Laura Thompson after the opening ceremony of PAFoM in Kampala in May 2017. Other dignitaries on the front row are (Left) Ambassador Kristian Schmidt (the then Head of the EU Delegation to Uganda); Internal Affairs State Minister Obiga Mario Kania (2nd Left), Siera Leonean Minister for Political and Public Affairs Nanette Thomas (3rd Left) and UN Resident Coordinator in Uganda, Rosa Malango (2nd from Right)
Highlights for 2017 1. International Migration Law training held. 2. National Consultation Mechanism supported. 3. Uganda hosted Pan African Forum on Migration.
on key migration priorities and challenges for Uganda. The outcome document from the consultations was submitted to the United Nations co- facilitators of the GCM process, as Uganda’s input towards the GCM. Continental Forum on Migration In partnership with the Ministry of Internal Affairs, IOM also provided technical support to the GoU to host the Pan-African Forum on Migration (PAFoM) in May 2017, under the theme “Towards an African Common Position on the Global Compact on Migration”. The forum was aimed at focused engagement with regional economic communities (RECs), Member States, development partners, diaspora, private sector and civil society, on the GCM. The meeting drew over 200 participants from across and beyond the continent. It was opened by the Ugandan Prime Minister, Dr. Ruhakana Rugunda, who was in the company of the IOM Deputy Director General, Ambassador Laura
Thompson. The closing ceremony was presided by the Internal Affairs State Minister, Hon. Obiga Mario Kania, and witnessed by Ambassador William Lacy Swing, the IOM Director General. Migration Governance Indicators In consultation with the National Coordination Mechanism on Migration, IOM initiated the process of developing the Migration Governance profile for Uganda. The profile is based on IOM’s Migration Governance Indicators – a framework and methodology to assess countryspecific migration governance structures and to measure progress made towards the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). The profile is expected to be published in 2018.
A scene from the International Migration Law training in Entebbe
ASSISTED VOLUNTARY RETURN AND REINTEGRATION
A visiting social worker from the Netherlands with a Ugandan returnee outside his chicken house on Kampala-Masaka road.
igrant assistance remains one of the key activities of IOM globally. A lot of the time, this assistance involves helping to return and reintegrate vulnerable people trapped in foreign lands back into their homelands. During the reporting period, IOM handled 68 Ugandan international migrant cases, 72 per cent of whom were women. In coordination with sister missions, Government and non-Governmental partners in Uganda and the destination countries worldwide and various Governments, IOM Uganda provided direct assistance to 68 vulnerable migrants including: victims of trafficking, stranded migrants, and unaccompanied minors, who requested 8
assistance to voluntarily return to their countries of origin. IOM provides a wide range of assistance services based on the migrants needs. The assistance varied from pre-departure assistance (information counselling, pre-departure medical assistance) and transitional assistance (i.e. shelter, medical, counselling and family tracing) to return and socio-economic reintegration support. Beneficiaries were supported with small business start-ups ranging from small scale poultry and piggery farming, saloons, retaining businesses (clothing businesses, groceries), among others, thereby providing support the economic empowerment and self-reliance of these beneficiaries.
STRENGTHENING SOCIAL COHESION AND STABILITY IN SLUM POPULATIONS
SSCoS Project Springs out of First Gear
taff working with one of the most dynamic projects at IOM Uganda carry a curious nickname: colleagues call them the “slums people”. Contrary to what a casual listener would think on hearing this, the slums people are quite happy to be associated with the “Strengthening Social Cohesion and Stability in Slum Populations” project, better known by its acronym, SSCoS. The SSCoS project, financed by the European Union Trust Fund, seeks to change lives in four Kampala slums teeming with ambitious youths, whose futures are at risk of being swallowed up by joblessness, marginalization and violence. Part of the appeal of the SSCoS project derives from the constant interaction with the target population and the testimonies one hears about the difference the project is making. At other times this comes from the way the project brings unlikely partners to the same room or tent or table, and where they talk like equals. One time, Uganda’s leading diplomats including the head of the European Union delegation are in a city slum dancing paka chini under the spell of a local singer. Another day, senior police officers are seated with slum dwellers, including a lean, not-so-sober fellow, explaining how they work. An on another occasion, young people from the slums are in a hotel shooting questions at a Government commissioner who later jumps up to explain gaps in service provision.
Items for supporting small business start-ups are delivered to Bwaise
CONTEXT The 42-month SSCoS project started in August 2016 in Bwaise slum, but is also being implemented in Kisenyi, Katwe and Kabalagala. SSCoS’s overall objective is to tackle the root causes of inter-communal conflict in slum populations by addressing the sources of grievances – such as unemployment – and by strengthening community cohesion around shared development assets. The project is being delivered together with the inaugural implementing partner, the Bwaise-based Action for Fundamental Change and Development (AFFCAD). Third-party implementing partners include, ACTogether and YARID.
L-R: Sabrina Bazzanella from the European Union Delegation to Uganda and Paola Trevisan from the European Commission in Brussels talk to cookery students at Bwaise Business and Vocational Institute, run by AFFCAD.
In July, the SSCoS project donated office furniture and equipment to the Counter Terrorism Police.
The SSCoS project was officially launched in 2016, but it was in 2017 that it got out of gear one. By December, the project was literally cruising when it organized the first town hall meeting between residents of Bwaise and officers of the Uganda Police, especially the Counter-Terrorism division. The town halls aim to bridge the gap between the Police and slum communities. The maiden event attracted more than 200 community members (106 male and 94 female) and afterwards, the community asked for another meeting because they had “more issues” to discuss. More town halls are planned in 2018. This event was preceded by a rollout event for the collaboration between IOM and the Counter Terrorism police, with a view to promote community policing with a human rights-based approach. That rollout was followed by a Training of Trainers for senior police officers, which was conducted by an international consultant. In 2018, the trained officers are expected to go out and train fellow officers. The most anticipated aspect of the SSCoS project was the handover of in-kind support to selected beneficiaries as Small Business Startup capital (SBS). By the end of the year, at least 127 slum dweller beneficiaries (of whom 51 are male and 76 are female) had received a range
of support items, from rent money, sewing machines, shoe-making equipment, fridges, computers, printers, general merchandize, etc. The recipients of these start-up kits are now running their businesses and many speak highly of the helping hand that the project has given them. Other notable activities in the year included training the community to assess the quality of services and engaging the GoU for improvements. This was followed by an event to roll out the demand-side accountability messaging – a lively meeting of slum dwellers, activists and government officials.
SSCOS in 2017 151 Vocational students graduated (69m, 82f). 152 Students attended internship in various fields. 127 Young women and men received support for small business start-ups. 22 Police officers (16 m, 6f) trained in human rightsbased approaches to policing. 15 AFFCAD staff (6m, 9f) were trained by Uganda Management Institute in various disciplines. 335 Beneficiaries were trained in business management and cooperative financing. Of these, 132 (36m, 96f) were trained as members of cooperatives and 203 (80m, 123f) as beneficiaries of SBSs.
Emily Kemirembe at her work place.
EMILY’S DELIGHT Now I can sit in my own small business. Fleeing from a rogue charity worker, Emily was assisted by a youthful automechanic. Now, from her nascent business thanks to the European Union, Emily can dare to dream By Richard M Kavuma
mily Kemirembe is a bright, petite, straighttalking young woman with a heart-rending story and a courageous spirit. An only child of both her parents, Emily’s mother passed on when she was so little that she has no memory of her, and her doting dad departed when Emily was nine. Born in the Namasuba suburb of Kampala, Emily has lived off the generosity of her various cousin sisters and, at one time, an education charity. But that charity also gave her a traumatic memory that makes her hate seeking employment. Finding himself alone with vulnerable orphan desperate for secondary education, one of the charity officials tried to rape Emily. As she tells it, Emily was only saved by her teeth (she bit his hand so hard her jaws hurt) and the fortuitous 12
timing of a neighbour who burst into the office reception. The official panicked and let the little girl free, hushing her up. Emily ran out of the office in the Kyengera area in southern Kampala, leaving behind her little bag and taxi fare. Afraid of returning to the predator to reclaim her bag, she decided to walk to her cousin’s home, about 10km away. She was 12. Halfway through, around Nalukolongo, Emily was so exhausted she just sat by the road side for about two hours. She was surprised when a youthful auto mechanic crossed the road to ask what the matter was. He bought her drinking water packed in a colourless polythene bag and a plate of food, and gave her UGX 2,000 (EUR 0.44) to take a taxi home. “I wish I could find him again and I thank him,
was not at home.” After her A-Level exams, Emily had lived with another cousin sister, who sent her to work in her shops. But the unpaid work had proved too strenuous for her little body frame, and she asked for time off to rest, by visiting another cousin, while trying to weigh her options for the future.
but I probably would not recognize him,” Emily says of the kind mechanic. “He must now be an old man because then he was still a youth. But I always pray for him wherever he is, if he is still alive.” In 2016, Emily sat her A-Levels at Witts College on Entebbe Road, but her points could not take her to medical school. Her education journey seemed over. And with hardly any marketable skills, no qualifications, and no financial support, Emily’s future looked bleak. Fortunately for her, the 22-year-old Emily was selected by the Action for Fundamental Change and Development (AFFCAD), a local nongovernmental organization, to receive support for Small Business Set-up (SBS). She walked away with a computer, a scanner/printer/ copier and a laminator, and eventually set up her own business. The support is part of the Strengthening Social Cohesion and Stability in Slum Populations (SSCoS) project, which is fully funded by the European Union, with 4.3 million Euros committed between August 2016 and February 2020.
“I did not know what to do. I was also afraid of being employed again, because I had the other experience of escaping from that man who tried to rape me.”
During her O-Level vacation, Emily had spent eight weeks at AFFCAD (then called Bwaise Youth Employment Centre) studying graphic design. With her new equipment, she has quickly polished her skills and set up a secretarial bureau in the Kawempe division of Kampala, just outside Bwaise slum. Her menu of services includes designing, typing and printing letters, business cards, dissertations, and other documents; photocopying, lamination, and other computerbased tasks. “The business is not bad,” she says emphatically. On average, she earns between UGX15,000 and UGX25,000 (EUR 6) a day. This means that at least, the business can pay its monthly rent of about 20 Euros. “Within three months, I will be developed more than this,” Emily says. “And I hope to expand my business and if I am not here, to get another bigger place; and at least I hope to employ some other people.”
The project is implemented by the International Organisation for Migration (IOM), the UN Migration Agency, working with partners such as AFFCAD. “I was sooo happy,” Emily breaks into a broad smile, recalling the day she was called to get her equipment. “I was so excited. “I felt like, ‘oh, I am going to start sitting in my own business’, because I had been sitting in other people’s businesses and working so well. I just ran home to share the news with my cousin sister but she
Emily Kemirembe (Left) after receiving her package from IOM Uganda Resource Management Officer Elisa Crowe (3rd Left) in September 2017.
Migration Health Assessment Center (MHAC) maintains high standards
Some of the MHAC Staff
OM Uganda is the sole provider of health assessment and travel assistance for migrants traveling temporarily or permanently to the United States of America, Canada, Australia, New Zealand, United Kingdom, and other European countries.
registered a trend-altering surge in numbers in 2016. Australia-bound applicants, for instance, rose 65 per cent from 489 in 2016 to 778 in 2017. United Kingdom-bound cases rose by 18 per cent from 1,425 to 1,679.
The IOM Migration Health Assessment Center (MHAC), located in Naguru in Kampala, offers the full range of services, including health assessment, vaccination, treatment of sexually transmitted diseases and tuberculosis, predeparture presumptive treatment, fitness-totravel checks, and medical escorts. MHAC has a dedicated team of experienced staff, whose skills are regularly refreshed with training in the region. In order to provide a comprehensive service, MHAC has also partnered with hospitals, specialists, radiological service providers and laboratories.
In the year 2017, MHAC registered considerable growth in its services, reflecting a trend that had been established over the years. The exception was the United States caseload, which had
IOM conducts health assessment of migrants according to the protocols defined by the countries accepting the migrants. Globally, IOM operates health assessment programs in more than 70 countries. IOM Migration Health Divisions based at the Regional Office in Nairobi and Headquarters in Geneva provide technical support on the health assessment programme in Uganda. Health assessment of migrants and refugees prior to departure addresses the health needs of migrants, benefiting both host- and the destination countries. Pre-departure health education and awareness-raising activities also enhance the health-seeking behaviour of migrants and refugees. 15
Among the new developments in the year was the introduction of the GeneXpert test for the Chlamydia and the Gonorrhea test for resettling refugees. IOM also enhanced the infrastructure of the settlement clinics, with sputum collection sites and new lavatories in Kyaka and Nakivale. From 31 July to 4 Aug 2017, MHAC hosted the Health Assessment Programme Statistics (HAPSTAT) training-workshop, a global meeting of MHD data focal point persons, held in Kampala. Participants shared experiences and best practices on maintaining standards and meeting reporting obligations to donors and partners. The workshop also had sessions on public health activities within the Health Assessment Program, including vaccination, Predeparture surveillance and outbreak reporting.
MHAC lab staff at work
Pre departure and fitness to travel check Country of Destination
Number checked 2016
Number checked 2017
Some of the participants in the HAPSTAT workshop in Kampala.
IOM Uganda Operations staffer Dominic Idha (2nd Right), formally hands over drugs and supplies to UNHCR’s Henry Kiiza (Left), MTI’s Dr George Opong (2nd Left) and OPM’s Monica Mugisha.
IOM and partners tackle HIV in Karamoja
OM is a member of the Joint UN Program of Support on AIDS in Uganda (JUPSA), whose third programming cycle is strategically focused on Karamoja region. Along with 10 other JUPSA agencies, IOM is co-implementing the Karamoja United Nations HIV Programme (KARUNAHP), for the period of 2016- 2020. HIV was for a long time significantly lower in the Karamoja region. Following the disarmament of the Karamojong warriors and resultant peace after years of civil strife, rapid changes including population movements and expanding economic development opened up the local population to inward and outward migration. This further modified protective socio cultural values and practices such as no sex outside marriage, thus increasing exposure to other health risks such as HIV and poor Sexual Reproductive Health (SRH). In light of this, Karamoja is facing the threat of increased rise in HIV and SRHR related vulnerabilities. The major goal of KARUNA-HP is to help reduce new infections in 10-24-year-olds (especially adolescent girls) in Karamoja, with a target of a 70% by 2021. The programme is implemented in the seven districts of Karamoja: Nakapiripirit, Napak, Amudat, Abim, Kaabong, Kotido and Moroto. Since 2017, IOM Uganda has specifically worked in the three districts of Kaabong, Amudat and
A Community dialogue meeting in Chepkarat in Amudat district. HIV/AIDS is a key topic at such meetings
Moroto, with a view to scaling up to other districts. IOM’s component, working with hardto-reach mining and cross-border communities, is co-delivered with the Alliance of Mayors Initiative for Community Action on AIDS at the Local Level (AMICAALL) as an implementing partner. Overall, the project has increased access to HIV/SRH services using the integrated health outreach service model to deliver services in hard-to-reach areas in mining communities and cross boarder sites in Amudat, Moroto and Kaabong district. The services include HIV Testing Services (HTS) including counselling, and referrals for treatment, care, support, and
Karita drama group performing in Amudat. Drama is a weapon against HIV/AIDS
KARUNA-HP Objectives • To scale up coverage, utilization and access to quality SRH and HIV Prevention, treatment, care and support services for adolescents and young people in Karamoja. • To address socio-cultural and economic factors that hinder HIV preventive behaviors and constrain timely access to sexual, reproductive health, HIV prevention, treatment and care services among young people aged 10-24. • Strengthen national and Karamoja capacity for planning, coordinating, financing and tracking SHR & HIV-PTC programmes.
SRHR services. Social Behavioral Change Communication (SBCC) campaigns targeting young people were carried out through community dialogues, which tackled such issues as basic facts and myths about HIV/AIDS, the socio-cultural drivers of HIV, the sexual network and correct ways of using condoms. Drama groups were also used to mobilize and sensitize communities on socio-cultural and economic barriers that hinder HIV preventive behavior and constrain service uptake in the mining areas and cross border points. To improve the quality of services to migrants and boost community referrals, capacity building of 15 health workers and 15 peer educators were trained in collaboration with the district health team on adolescent-friendly and migrationsensitive service delivery.
A team of KARUNA partners meet the district leadership in Kaabong
In an effort to strengthen evidence based programming, an assessment of the appropriate service delivery models for migrant populations was conducted in the implementing sites of Kosiroi, Nakabaat, Chepkararat, Diidit and Nakapel in the districts of Moroto, Amudat and Kaabong. To ensure ownership, a validation meeting of the study findings was conducted with stakeholders from the implementing districts including the District Chairpersons, District Health Officers, District HIV focal persons, District Community Development Officers, elders/opinion leaders as well as representatives of migrants, miners, key populations, adolescents/ young people and HIV/SRHR service providers. The assessment generated information that will provide guidance on the appropriate models for delivering services to mobile populations in the Karamoja region.
Key Figures for 2017 • 1,855 people reached, of whom 55 % are women • 1,697 people reached with HIV Testing Services (HTS) including counselling • 253 community members engaged in dialogues on HIV and other sexually transmitted infections • 15 peer health educators trained • 3 orientation meetings held for 84 political, technical, religious and community leaders on migration health 18
A young man receives FP and HCT education in Chepkararat- Karita,Amudat district
European Union, UN-CERF support IOM for South Sudanese Refugee Response
IOM Chief of Mission Ali Abdi (2nd R) and other officials and staff inspect a newly-built latrine block at Belle primary school in Moyo district
y the end of December 2017, Uganda was closing in on 1.4 million refugees, putting it among the top three refugee-hosting countries in the world. The bulk of the refugees, more than one million of them, came from South Sudan, the world’s youngest nation that has been at war with itself almost since its birth. As with other humanitarian crises, refugee emergencies come with a real risk of diseases related to poor access or management of Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH). To minimize this, IOM intervenes by providing sustainable access to safe water, supporting institutional and household sanitation, and promoting hygiene best practices such as use of latrines, hand washing and safe handling of food, as well as safe waste disposal and reuse as appropriate. IOM identifies and enhances local capacity among refugees including youth, women, and faith groups to carry out hygiene sensitization activities. As it had done with the Congolese refugees in 2016, IOM Uganda set up operations in the 20
IOM’s approach • In line with the Comprehensive Refugee Response Framework (CRRF) and the ReHOPE Strategy, IOM constructs latrines and other facilities (e.g. placenta pits, incinerators) for schools and hospitals, where they are used by both refugees and host communities. • For households, refugees get the tools and materials to construct their own latrines, with special assistance for vulnerable refugees like single mothers and the elderly. • Water facilities: IOM constructs hybrid piped water systems, rainwater-harvesting systems and other mechanisms to help refugees and host communities access clean and safe water. • IOM works closely with the GoU (Central and local Government authorities), civil society and refugees and host communities.
West Nile districts of Moyo and Yumbe to prevent the problem of forced displacement from becoming a fatal crisis. IOM implemented two concurrent projects in 2017: “Emergency Sanitation and Hygiene for South Sudanese refugees” in Palorinya settlement – Moyo
Trucks queuing up for water at Oluba village in Bidibidi refugee settlement
The original incinerator at Idiwa health centre
The sump for the Bidibidi piped water system under construction in late 2017
The new placenta pit and incinerator at Idiwa health centre as of last December
district, funded by the United Nations Central Emergency Fund (CERF); and the “WASH Service Delivery for South Sudanese and Host Community in Uganda”, which was implemented in Palorinya and Zone 4 of Bidibidi settlement in Yumbe district. The latter was funded to the tune of EUR 2 million by the European Union’s Civil Protection and Humanitarian Aid department (otherwise abbreviated as DG ECHO). Overall, in 2017, the projects for Water, Sanitation and Hygiene Service Delivery for Refugees and Host Communities were worth about 2.325 million euros. Since then, IOM has started playing a bigger role in supporting the management of humanitarian emergencies in Uganda, bringing its global expertise to more local use including local capacity building of NGOs and government on solar energy initiatives in refugee hosting districts. IOM has also supported capacity building for national
and international NGOs in WASH. The IOM WASH team has been steadily growing and also benefits from support by regional and global WASH specialists. In 2017, a total of 45,980 individuals benefitted from WASH services including through the construction of 12 blocks of institutional latrines, four bathing shelters, two placenta pits and incinerators at the health facilities of Idiwa and Luru, as well as increase in household sanitation and hygiene promotion activities in Palorinya settlement – Moyo district. IOM facilitated construction of 4,824 household latrines in Palorinya in 2017. In 2018 more beneficiaries will be reached with the ongoing WASH project funded with the humanitarian support of the European Union, through safe water, improved sanitation and hygiene promotion in Moyo and Yumbe districts. 21
Stella fled to save her life – and her baby’s By Richard M Kavuma
hen I first come across Stella Kiden Amosa at the end of November 2017, she is explaining to visitors how her group makes briquettes using local materials. “We get waste materials such as maize cob, sawdust, groundnut husks or simsim husks, and we carbonize them,” says Stella, one of 20 women in the Fanya Kazi Group in Zone 3 of Palorinya refugee settlement in Moyo district of northwestern Uganda. “We then crush them and add other things like clay soil, molasses and we put in that machine called 12-piston, which produces the briquettes.” A lean woman with a dispassionate but welcoming face, Stella is one of the beneficiaries of the IOM Uganda project titled Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH) Service Delivery for South Sudanese Refugees and Host Community. The project, in both Yumbe and Moyo districts, is funded by European Union Humanitarian Aid to the tune of 2 million Euros. Among other activities, the project is supporting households to build latrines and constructing institutional latrines, incinerators, bathing shelters and other sanitation facilities. Additionally, the project is also constructing piped water supply systems in Palorinya and Zone 4 of Bidibidi settlement in Yumbe district. Stella says her group, Fanya Kazi (Do the work), was trained for five days by IOM’s implementing partner, LWF. The members were then given the equipment to start producing the briquettes, which they are now marketing in the settlement. Most people here use charcoal of firewood, but some are starting to appreciate the advantages of briquettes. “Even me before I came here I had never heard of briquettes, but now I have got the knowledge, I have got the skills,” Stella says. “Briquettes are much more powerful than 22
STELLAR JOB: Stella with son Samuel in Palorinya settlement
charcoal. And when you are picking them from the sack, they do not [dirty] your hands. But also, when you are cooking, the briquettes do not give off any smoke.” A kilo of briquettes sells for Shs 2,000 (USD 0.55), and the community is slowly getting curious about the little ‘black wheels’. Stella’s group hopes that they will eventually make enough money to buy an electronic briquette machine. “Our trainer told us that there is a machine that runs on a generator. The problem with our 12-piston machine is that it needs a lot of energy,” Stella says, pitifully demonstrating the repeated hand movements women make to push the machine to compact and churn out the briquettes. But for now, the two women on the machine seem unflustered and smile through the repetitive task.
when she was 10. Now the “unknown gunmen” shot Stella’s maternal uncle dead. This was a sign of the times.
Indeed resilience is an enduring quality among many of the South Sudanese refugees, about 80 percent of them women and children. Stella, who arrived in Uganda on 31 January 2017, epitomizes that will to survive that plucked the refugees out of South Sudan, a country riven by a deadly conflict.
“There was shooting everywhere. People were being slaughtered every day. If they find you, they cut off your head or they beat you up very badly,” says Stella, who would flee with her guardian aunt and her nieces and nephews. “To die with a knife, I would feel very bad. At least let God take my life.”
Born in the Kajokeji area, near the border with Uganda, Stella was no stranger to Uganda. She had studied at the Nile Institute of Management Studies (NIMSA) in Uganda’s Arua town. She had returned to her country and done her industrial training as a procurement assistant with South Sudan Beverages Limited.
It was time to run for dear life, and in Stella’s case, her life and that of her unborn baby.
However in January 2017, while Stella was home in Kajokeji, the violence became unbearable. Stella grew up an orphan: her mother died when she was two years old, and her father followed
Stella was then eight-month pregnant, and when the violence flared up in Kajokeji, her husband was trapped in Juba. But she made it.
“We left everything in the house. For me I only carried my mattress and we walked for four hours until we got to the Ugandan border at Afogi.”
“When I was walking I feared about losing my baby, but what kept me going was that from the time I was young, I have always loved God. So I said, ‘let God take care of me’.” Stella’s baby, Samuel Modi, was born on February 23 at Idiwa health centre, where the EU-funded project recently built an incinerator, placenta pit and bathing shelters. “Samuel is somehow fine,” Stella smiles for the first time during the interview, before her face dramatically morphs into a weary, pleading frown. “But he has an infection in the ear. I took him to Idiwa [health centre] and they gave me eardrops but they have not helped.” As we part, we agree that she will take Samuel back to the health centre. “Yes I think I should,” Stella says. “I have to!”
Stella (Right) meets a team from IOM and LWF
CANADA VISA APPLICATION CENTRE
IOM VAC keen on efficiency, convenience
rocessing one’s visa can be a stressful venture, as the applicant has not guarantees despite having paid a handsome sum of money. Sometimes visa queues can be terribly long, and at some missions there have been reports of applicants collapsing in the line. IOM Uganda’s Canada Visa Application Centre (CVAC) is a centre with a difference. Located at Plot40-59, Mackenzie Vale, CVAC is in a cool, leafy location in the Kololo area of upscale Kampala. Applicants are met by exceptionally courteous staff, all the way from security to service officers. “Our approach to work is driven by a deep commitment to the highest standards of professionalism,” says Annet Grace Akello, in charge of CVAC. “So we strive to serve every client with a profound focus on both efficiency on our part, and convenience for the client.” In the year 2017, CVAC continued its steady growth, with the total number of applications processed rising from 2,788 the previous year to 4,313. This is an increase of 55 per cent, and it mirrors the trend of previous years. For instance between 2015 and 2016, the number of processed applications rose by 41 per cent. Year 2014 2015 2016 2017 Total
No. of applications processed 1,461 1,982 2,788 4,313 10,544
IOM Role in Visa Process 1. Guiding visa applicants, receiving completed application forms and transferring them to the Canadian High Commission in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania, and arranging visa interviews where necessary. Interviews are conducted either in Dar es Salam or at the Canadian Consulate in Kampala.
According to Ms Akello, 2017 saw more applications from nationals of other countries, including South Sudan, Rwanda, Burundi, Eritrea, Democratic Republic of Congo, Nigeria, China, Pakistan, Afghanistan, Lebanon, Somalia, Iran, Egypt and Ethiopia among others. ABOUT CVAC IOM’s visa application centres fall in the broader aspect of migration management, and offer visa support for governments and migrants worldwide. Opened in October 2013, IOM Uganda’s CVAC is a partnership with VFS Global and the government of Canada. CVAC serves both Ugandans and other nationalities. CVAC provides administrative support to applicants, collecting and submitting all the required information/documents. However, the visa decision-making process rests entirely with the Canadian Visa Officers based in Tanzania.
2. Capturing the necessary biometric data and biographical information required by the relevant diplomatic mission.
3. Tracking and returning passports to the applicants at the end of the visa process.
Members of FAARU, a refugees entertainment group, perform on International Migrants Day in Kampala
IOM staff (in blue) march along Nsambya road in Kampala on International Migrants Day, 18 December 2017
IOM Uganda Operations department boss Sheikha Ali (Left) talks with Resettlement Support Centre Africa Director Scott Muttersbaugh (R) and Cameron McGlothlin from the USA embassy, when the latter paid a courtesy call
IOM Director General William Lacy Swing chats with IOM Uganda Chief of Mission Ali Abdi in Kampala in May 2017
IOM Deputy DG Laura Thompson (Left) take a selfie with staff at the IOM Uganda country office in May 2017
IOM Uganda Chief of Mission Ali Abdi buys a jerrycan of freshly made liquid soap from Dinah Singajo, chairperson of Hope Women’s Group in Palorinya settlement, Moyo district
DELIVERING AS ONE: Staff from IOM Uganda, WHO, and UNAIDS in a group photo after UN Day activities at Kalerwe Market in Kampala.
- IOM Uganda and other UN staff during the cleaning of Kalerwe market in Kampala as part of the activities to mark United Nations Day on 24 October
Leaders and senior staff of UN agencies join a troupe in a song promoting HIV counselling and testing during UN Day activities at Kalerwe market
RIGHT-LEFT: LWF Country Representative Jesse Kamstra, IOM Officer-in-Charge Elisa Crowe, IOM Uganda Resettlement Operations head Sheikha Ali; Chief guest’s representative Agnes Igoye from the ministry of Internal Affairs, Ambassador Philip Odida from Ministry of Foreign Affairs, and Acting UN Resident Coordinator Alain Sibenaler, with other guests on International Migrants Day
SSCoS Senior Project Assistant Dorothy Ogolla and Manager Sahra Farah (Left) hand over computers and accessories to officials from the KCCA Employment Services Bureau. SSCoS is funded by the European Union from August 2016 through February 2020.
RESPECT: Some of the IOM Uganda staff attend a meeting on the Respectful Workplace at the Country Office. Respect is a key pillar at IOM.
The year 2017 brought a new executive director of UNAIDS in Uganda. Here, Dr Karusa Kiragu (Right) listens to IOM Uganda National Migration Health Promotion Coordinator Victoria Kajja (Left), during a courtesy call on the IOM Chief of Mission (NOT in Picture). Centre is UNAIDS officer Trevor Chikoko.
International security consultant Steve Little (Left) leads a session for police officers during a training of trainers in Kampala, organized by the SSCoS project. Towards the end of the year, the trained officers held their first town hall meeting with the community of Bwaise in Kampala’s Kawempe Division.
UN Secretary General Antonio Guterres in a group photo with UN staff in Uganda, after a town hall meeting that followed the Solidarity Summit on refugees in Munyonyo, Kampala
Stable growth for Resettlement Operations
017 was yet another busy year for the Movement and Resettlement Operations department at IOM Uganda, as thousands of refugees relocated to the United States of America, Australia, Canada, Sweden and other countries. The operations are coordinated through IOM’s sub-offices in in the Western Uganda refugee settlements of Kyangwali (Hoima District), Kyaka II (Kyegegwa District) and Nakivale (Isingiro District). Operations staff work closely with their colleagues in the Migration Health Division, UNHCR and Office of the Prime Minister to arrange interviews by the immigration officials in accepting countries, medical assessments, cultural orientation, departures, and sometimes in-flight escort services. The year under review saw a drop in numbers overall, but this is largely because of the ‘Surge’ in the number of refugees resettled to the United States in 2016. Beyond that, the numbers remained relatively stable or growing. Overall, 5,011 refugees were resettled in 2017, compared to 8,197 the year before. Of the 5,011 moved last year, 85 per cent are from the Democratic Republic of Congo, the rest coming from countries such as Somalia, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Rwanda and Burundi.
2,740 refugees taken, 1,376 (50.2%) were male while 1,364 (49.8%) were female. In the early part of 2017 the Transit Centre extension project was finalized, with additional toilets and bathrooms, and a new dining hall and kitchen. A service provider has since been engaged to cook meals at the Transit Center instead of ferrying in cooked food. All this means the Transit Center can now comfortably accommodate up to 250 refugees at a time. Refugees resettled to third countries in 2017 Belgium
In terms of gender, the figures show no great disparity. For the United States caseload, out of
Refugees line up outside ‘Departures’ at Entebbe airport, before being resettled by IOM Uganda to the United States in August 2017.
From Congo to Uganda to America: one family’s story
The Munganga family before departing for USA
By Richard M Kavuma
or a group of Congolese about to fly out of Uganda’s Entebbe airport to settle in America, the mood around Benwamanzi Mulumba’s family is markedly dull. From three-year-old Kevin to 46-year-old Jeremiah Mbaha Munganga, nothing gives away any sort of excitement as the refugees are briefed by officers from IOM, the United Nations Migration Agency. I reach out to pensive Dorcas Munganga, 15. She did her Primary Leaving Examinations last year, but has been out of school, unable to raise the fees. Clearly, she must be excited to be heading to America! “Not so much,” she mumbles. “Why?” I ask. “Because I will miss my friends.” “Yes, your friends!” I nod.
“I have left behind my best friend Ketsi. We have grown up together. We have been playing together.” Dorcas’ sister Rachael is just as downbeat, almost absentmindedly pushing her luggage cart up the immigration desk queues. “Kind of,” Rachael replies when I ask if she is thrilled to be going to America. “I will miss my ball. I really loved that ball.” A keen rugby player, Rachael has been told she cannot take her inflated ball onto the aeroplane. Seeing how much this means to her, I ask various airport staff but no one can find a pin to deflate the ball, and everything else fails. Still, the eight members of the Munganga family – accompanied by IOM’s Dr Philippa – are inching towards the Qatar Airways counter to check in their luggage. Having arrived in Uganda in 2004, they are relocating under the United States Refugee Admissions Programme (USRAP). The departure is organized by IOM Uganda, 31
working closely with the Refugee Coordinator at the United States embassy, UNHCR, Office of the Prime Minister and the Nairobi-based Resettlement Support Centre (RSC). Unlike Dorcas and Rachael and their seemingly unimpressionable siblings, their father Jeremiah declares himself very happy to be going to America. “I am feeling very excited. I am curious to see and discover the new place,” says Jeremiah, who has been working as a hairdresser and musician in Kampala, to support his family. In Uganda, Jeremiah also got involved in charity work. He co-founded the Forum of Artists Associations of Refugees (FAARU) – Uganda Limited. FAARU organized several concerts, with the proceeds and donated items going to refugees or disadvantaged Ugandans, including children admitted to the Uganda Cancer Institute. Part of the reason for Jeremiah’s excitement is his wife, Benwamanzi Mulumba, who looks weak, and needs a wheel chair and life-saving medical care. Jeremiah recalls a day in September 2016, when he feared the worst. FAARU had organized a concert to support children with cancer. But for two weeks, his wife had been in and out of hospital, with some doctors suspecting she could be having a liver problem. Her eyes were yellow and her skin pale. Hours before the concert, someone called from Kiruddu hospital: Mulumba’s blood level was very low; they feared she might not live much longer. “I sang quickly and left,” Jeremiah says. “But really my heart was now not in what I was singing. I had to run to my wife.”
Ms Mulumba is wheeled into the departute lounge at Entebbe airport
and mother to their growing children. And to him, this relocation to America, where Mulumba will be able to get top medical care, is a miracle. “I think this is God doing this,” Jeremiah says, more to himself. “And you know, I just heard that there were people negotiating for me, to help me.” That hope was dashed, with the up-anddown movement between the United States Government and the courts, particularly when it was declared that only people with close relatives in America could relocate to America. But eventually officials at various levels decided that the Munganga family could move to Tampa, Florida.
The doctors ordered a bone marrow test and the results were clear. Mulumba had leukemia.
Talking about that journey, Jeremiah voices his gratitude, all the while shaking his head, unable to believe his luck.
That was crushing for Jeremiah. Although the doctors in Mulago hospital were exceptionally helpful, Jeremiah feared the worst for this wife
Mulumba’s thoughts seem far away, and her few words as low as her energy. Sometimes, when she wants to say something to her husband,
she just lets her eyes pan from him to a child who is probably stepping out line. Then he says something to the child. And then she is back to herself.
Uganda so far.
Asked for her thoughts, Mulumba thanks “God for today”, and thanks everyone who has helped her family to reach this stage, where she is hoping to get better treatment.
Order indeed prevails, the queues move, and Munganga family is cleared.
“I am happy that if God heals me, my life is going to change,” Mulumba says, her husband interpreting. For the IOM staff arranging the departure for today’s group of 44, this is an intense logistical exercise. Someone is asking about a passport; another child wants to go to the toilet. Everything must be right; everyone must be happy, including the burly police officer, who is concerned that the refugees – and their relatives who have come to see them off – are overcrowding the departure area. “Take your people inside,” the officer tells IOM staffer Benson Tumuheki. Benson pays him a frustrated but pleading look. He whispers some things to the officer and they agree that it’s not worthwhile to take the group inside only to get them out in 30 minutes, with their many suitcases. These are suitcases that probably have all their lives in Congo and
“Then you keep them in one place, because this place needs to be orderly” the officer says.
As we move towards the departure gates, Rachael Munganga is still thinking about the ball she is leaving behind. “Is it possible for you to take my ball; maybe IOM can keep it for me and maybe I will get it,” she says, and then looks away, before adding absentmindedly: “Somehow.” And yes, this writer will take the ball to IOM. Dorcas Munganga, 15, hopes to become a fashion designer and a writer. Sometimes, she says, when she had nothing to do, she would just sit with her best friend Ketsi and write stories in exercise books. She talks about her goodbye moment with Ketsi. She saw her last night. It was a sad conversation, but she has kept Ketsi’s last words. “I don’t have anything to give you,” Ketsi started. “But you will stay in my heart and I will miss you!”
Some of the Munganga family members before a performance in their new hometown, Tampa, USA. Mr Munganga (Centre) performed that night
IMMIGRATION AND BORDER MANAGEMENT
IOM Supports Government on Immigration Management In April 2017, IOM and the Directorate of Citizenship and Immigration Control (DCIC) in the Ministry of Internal Affairs formally completed the 1.8 USD million project entitled “Strengthening Border Security in Uganda” (SBSU) funded by the Government of Japan. The crowning moment for SBSU was the inauguration of the country’s first ever Immigration Training Academy (ITA) located in Nakasongola district in central Uganda. The Academy is equipped with a MIDAS (Migration, Information and Data Analysis System) lab, training hall, staff quarters, male and female dormitories and an administration block. Presiding at the ceremony was the Prime Minister of Uganda, Ruhakana Rugunda, popularly known as ‘Ndugu’ (Swahili for brother). Other dignitaries present included State Minister Hon. Obiga Mario Kania, UN Resident Coordinator Rosa Malango, Japanese Ambassador Kazuaki Kameda and Internal Affairs Ministry Permanent Secretary Benon Mutambi.
CONTEXT With the increasing movement of people and goods across borders, governments such as Uganda’s must find the right balance between keeping the borders open and keeping them secure and controlled. Over the years, IOM Uganda has worked to build the government’s capacity in this regard by focusing on skills development and acquisition of sound infrastructure and modern equipment. For instance, in 2017, IOM trained 37 officials (22 men and 15 women) in a masterclass in identity management and a secondary inspection lab training. IOM also donated a vehicle to the newly inaugurated Immigration Training Academy Speaking at the Academy’s inauguration, Premier Rugunda referred to the fact that Uganda has friendly borders, but some criminal
Mr Marcellino Ramkishun (Right) leads a session during the retreat for the ITA
elements, such as terrorists, try to exploit the borders. He was optimistic that the Academy would help Uganda to defeat such wrong elements. “We have to be ahead of them, and in order to be ahead of them, prevent their criminality, we must equip ourselves with knowledge, with skills” stated the Premier.
Capacity Building Centre (ACBC) in Moshi, Tanzania, an international consultant is helping DCIC strengthen its curriculum in order to ensure adoption of international best practices in training, including issues related to gender and mobility. The project will also include a training of trainers by an international expert which will strengthen DCIC’s capacity to offer top-notch training courses at the Academy.
Supporting the Immigration Training Academy In his speech in Nakasongola, Chief of Mission Ali Abdi pledged that IOM Uganda would continue to support the academy towards becoming fully operational. As such, late last year, IOM started implementing a project to support the academy. With funding from the IOM Development Fund, the project “Support to Uganda’s Immigration Training Academy” supports DCIC to develop an institutional strategy for the use and management of the Academy. The strategy is expected to emphasize inter-agency and international cooperation, and enhance integration as a pillar of border management. After the initial support from IOM’s African
Immigration officials during the retreat
FRONT ROW: IOM Uganda Chief of Mission Ali Abdi (4th from Left), Japanese Ambassador Kazuaki Kameda (5th from Left), Prime Minister Ruhakana Rugunda, Internal Affairs State Minister Obiga Mario Kania and UN resident coordinator Rosa Malango and other officials after inaugurating the Immigration Training Academy
In Pursuit of the Sustainable Development Goals
International Organization for Migration (IOM) Country Office: Plot 6A, Bukoto Crescent, Naguru P.O. Box 11431, Tel: +256 312 263 210 Kampala - Uganda 38