1 Karen Ludlow New ENGLISH FILE Upperintermediate Language Portfolio CEF 2 03 NEF LangPortfolio Upp-Int FP /12/07 09:01:482 03 NEF LangPortfolio Upp-I...
1 English Cover file: 01_CoverMain_StudentHandbook_sm_out.ai2 Service to Society Creativity & Innovation Spirit Community Respect Our Vision The H...
1 2 Grammar, Vocabulary, and Pronunciation B GRAMMAR 1 Complete the time expressions with for or since. Example: for many years 1 Monday 2 the lecture...
1 Progress Test Files 6 Grammar, Vocabulary, and Pronunciation GRAMMAR 1 Complete the sentences with one word. Example: The letter was posted last wee...
1 Grammar, Vocabulary, and Pronunciation A GRAMMAR 1 Complete the sentences. Example: Are they from Switzerland? 1 I sing, but I can play the guitar. ...
1 7 Grammar, Vocabulary, and Pronunciation A GRAMMAR 1 Underline the correct word(s). Example: You won t pass the exam unless / if you study harder. 1...
1 4 Grammar, Vocabulary, and Pronunciation A GRAMMAR 1 Underline the correct verb forms. Example: The students will have finished / have finished the ...
1 Grammar, Vocabulary, Pronunciation, and Practical English A GRAMMAR 1 Tick ( ) A, B, or C to complete the sentences. Example: I football. A love B l...
1 Karen Ludlow New ENGLISH FILE Pre-intermediate Language Portfolio CEF 22 3 Conte nts Introduction What is a Language Portfolio? 4 How to use your Ne...
1 Grammar, Vocabulary, and Pronunciation A GRAMMAR 1 Complete the sentences. Use the correct form of the verb in brackets. Example: Are you going (go)...
Clive Oxenden Christina Latham-Koenig
Upper-intermediate Czech Wordlist
Upper-intermediate Czech wordlist This Wordlist is organized File by File. It includes all the words in the Vocabulary Banks in the Student’s Book and the MultiROM, all the words which are highlighted in the Student’s Book, and all the words in the More Words to Learn sections of the Workbook.
1A More Words to Learn badge chat (v) embarrassing eyebrows funeral have a date partner raise trust
odznak povídat si trapný obočí pohřeb mít rande partner/ka zvednout důvěřovat
He was wearing a badge with his name on it. I chatted to other people while we waited. What has been your most embarrassing moment? He raised his eyebrows in surprise. What song do you want to be played at your funeral? Jane had a date on Friday – she went to a restaurant. Speed-dating can help busy people to find a partner. He raised his eyebrows in surprise. Don’t trust the smile, trust the actions.
utrpení pobavený asertivní nepříjemný bankéř zvonek živý komplex složitý námluvy nynější ohlušující diskotéka zdvojnásobit upravit sobecký odstranit událost vyvíjet se vyměnit si na rozloučenou zuřivý čerstvý úšklebek provinilý chlápek hospodyně nápaditý dojem méněcennost injekce práce poradce pro oblast řízení maniak
I had terrible toothache and I was in agony. The baby giggles when he’s amused. My boss is assertive, she has a strong personality. The atmosphere was awful – it was all very awkward. The men included a chef, a banker, and a novelist. A bell rings when it’s time for class to start. At the speed-dating event she seemed really bubbly. I’m an egotistical maniac with an inferiority complex. Finding a partner is a complicated process. They married after a year of courtship. She doesn’t enjoy her current career. The music in the club was deafening. We went dancing at a local discotheque The company doubled profits last year. If you could edit your past, what would you change? I’m an egotistical maniac with an inferiority complex. You can eliminate an option if it looks wrong. The organizers of the event suggested a list of topics. It is a ritual which has evolved over the centuries. We exchanged telephone numbers. The Commodores never did a farewell tour. The shark was frenzied, attacking the surfer. He has food poisoning – those prawns weren’t fresh. Her grimace showed she wasn’t impressed. Lionel feels guilty about not being there for his kids. I went on one date with a guy who teaches Maths. A housekeeper would improve the quality of my life. I tried to think of imaginative questions to ask. I was worried I wouldn’t give the right impression. I’m an egotistical maniac with an inferiority complex. I’d been to the dentist, and I’d had an injection. I work for the Labour party. He’s a management consultant in the City.
More words in 1A agony amused assertive awkward banker bell bubbly complex (n) complicated courtship current deafening discotheque double (v) edit egotistical eliminate event evolve exchange farewell frenzied fresh grimace guilty guy housekeeper imaginative impression inferiority injection Labour management consultant maniac
1B Vocabulary Bank adventurous arrogant as hard as nails assertive bad-tempered calm cheerful cold fish conscientious easy-going eccentric forgetful funny heart of gold immature impulsive insecure insincere loyal moody open-minded optimistic pain in the neck pessimistic possessive reliable rely reserved self-confident sensible
pár, kombinace nadměrně užívat účastníci vydávat se vlastnictví předpřipravený školka požádat o ruku eventuální publikovat bleskový rituál lístek na výsledky směna hladce sólový rychloseznamka vzácný trik typ neznámý svobodný pozorný
They are a perfect match – they share interests. What words or phrases do you most overuse? According to the participants, the meeting was good. Journalists posed as students to investigate the story. What’s your most treasured possession? Have a list of pre-prepared questions ready. I was terrified on my first day at pre-school. I proposed in Paris, then we got married the next day! She met some prospective partners speed-dating. Every week The Guardian publishes a short story. The politician was asked quick-fire questions. The ritual has evolved over many years. Put a tick in the ‘yes’ box on a scorecard. I had the breakfast shift – I had to go in at five a.m. The conversation ran very smoothly. Lionel Richie was successful as a solo singer. In recent years speed-dating has become popular. What’s your most treasured possession? He plays tricks on his colleagues all the time. I’m sorry, you’re not my type. Guess the meaning of an unknown word from context. My aunt is unmarried. The supervisor has a watchful eye.
I’m not adventurous enough to try speed-dating! It’s very arrogant to think you’re better than her. You can’t upset Anna, she’s as hard as nails. I wish I was more assertive, not so afraid to speak. It isn’t you he’s angry with, he’s just bad-tempered. It’s important to keep calm in an emergency. I love visiting my gran, she’s always so cheerful. Joe’s a bit of a cold fish: he seems rather unfriendly. She’ll do a good job, she’s very conscientious. She’s quite easy-going – relaxed about most things. I had an eccentric aunt who used to sing opera. Grandad can’t help being forgetful, he’s getting old. He thinks he’s funny, but no one else can see the joke. Janice has got a heart of gold, she helps everyone. Grow up – stop being so immature. You’re too impulsive, you should think before you act. Hannah isn’t a confident child, I think she’s insecure. Don’t believe what Greg says, he’s totally insincere. Jenny’s very loyal, she never says anything unkind. You’re so moody – I never know what to expect. My dad accepts new ideas, he’s quite open-minded. I’m quite optimistic about moving to London. She’s a real pain in the neck – she’s so difficult. I’m pessimistic. I always expect the worst. Don’t be so possessive, she needs a bit of freedom. Brian is very reliable; he does what he says. I’m asking you because I know I can rely on you. She’s not unfriendly, just a bit reserved, that’s all. Being self-confident is a good thing. She’s far too sensible to agree to that.
Don’t mention his results, he’s feeling a bit sensitive. They’re both stubborn as each other. Anna is so vain, she looks at herself in every mirror. It’s important to be well-balanced. I need someone wise to advise me.
1B More Words to Learn childhood deduce handwriting illegible initials psychic secretive sign (v) signature trick
I had a very happy childhood. A psychic can deduce a lot from your appearance. Clear handwriting is really important. His signature is illegible. My signature contains my surname and initials. The psychic says I’ll become very rich. He’s very secretive, he won’t tell anyone. Some people actually sign in capital letters. Put your signature here, please. He uses all the tricks of the trade to make money.
schopnost akademický přizpůsobit absolutně ctižádost úhel nevychovaný společník potvrdit spor ohleduplný tvůrčí sestupný dyslektický důkaz tváří v tvář, čelit lichotivý opravdový grafologie vodorovný rozpoznat znamenat působivé zdědit vyšetřovat soudit postrádat přednáška čitelný nízký závažný metoda cíl překonat nadpřirozený parafrázování osobnost silný
A self-confident person feels sure about their ability. He enjoys academic life – studying is his dream. You need to adapt your way of life. ‘Yesterday’ is an all-time favourite His greatest ambition is to be a world-class pianist. The angle of a signature is significant. He’s terribly bad-mannered – he never says please. The best companion is someone who doesn’t speak. Statistics confirm that drinking is a serious problem. He doesn’t argue, he tends to avoid conflict. I wish they were more considerate, they’re so noisy. Fiona’s very creative, her drawings are beautiful. Most signatures are horizontal, rising, or descending. She’s not good with words – she’s dyslexic. Rewriting evidence is a technique used by psychics. I have a tendency to give up when faced with stress. All these compliments are so flattering. That psychic isn’t genuine, nothing she said was true. Do you think graphology is a serious science? There is a horizontal line across the page. Psychics often ‘identify’ common medical problems. A legible signature implies that you have clear ideas. Coming up with a few names is always impressive. She inherited the skill from her grandmother. A detective investigates crimes. She is just very good at judging people’s character. I lack self confidence – I need to practice more. I went to a lecture on Shakespeare. Her writing is very clear, it’s so legible. Taxes are very low in Japan, around 5%. He lived to 100 without any major illnesses. His teaching method is very unusual. I have clear study objectives. Work hard, and overcome your money problems. I don’t believe in ghosts or paranormal acts If you don’t know the word, try paraphrasing. He’s very protective of his private persona. The accident had a powerful effect on me.
More Words in 1B ability academic adapt all-time ambition angle bad-mannered companion confirm conflict (n) considerate creative descending dyslexic evidence faced (with) flattering genuine graphology horizontal identify imply impressive inherit investigate judge (v) lack lecture legible low major (adj) method objective (n) overcome paranormal paraphrasing persona powerful
1C Vocabulary Bank A & E (Accident and Emergency) ache allergic ankle antibiotics asthma bandage be sick bleed blister bruise burnt catch cold cough deep cut diarrhoea dizzy drug earache fainted feel sick flu food poisoning GP headache heart attack high blood pressure hurt (intransitive) illness
nejlépe význačný odrážet představovat, ztělesňovat spokojený jizva nedůvěřivý sebeúcta upřímný společenský stabilní prohlášení strategie operace techniky dočasný mít nutkání mít tendenci sklon kumšt
I’m satisfied with my life at the moment. He has a scar from his operation. I’m sceptical about psychics’ claims. She has low self-esteem, she needs some help. I believe he’s being sincere when he says he loves me. If you are sociable, you have more friends. She’s an emotionally stable person – not easily upset. The police released a statement after the robbery. Sometimes waiting is the best strategy. Plastic surgery repairs badly-damaged skin. I studied some of the techniques used by psychics. There was a temporary loss of sound. I’m tempted to have plastic surgery. I tend to listen to classical music in the evening. He has a tendency to avoid answering questions. The con-man used all the tricks of the trade.
He won’t succeed, he’s totally unambitious. Don’t be so unsociable, come with us to the pub.
I’d like to meet someone new, preferably my age. He was a prominent member of the local community. Your signature reflects how you are as a person. The lion represents bravery.
bolest alergický kotník antibiotika astma obvaz zvracet krvácet puchýř modřina popálit se nachladit se kašlat hluboká rána průjem mít závrať lék bolest ucha omdlel být komu špatně chřipka otrava jídlem obvodní lékař bolest hlavy infarkt vysoký krevní tlak
I’ve had stomach ache all day, and I’ve been sick. Tom’s allergic to nuts, they make him really ill. Dave twisted his ankle playing football yesterday. The doctor gave me some antibiotics for my sore ear. My asthma gets worse when I do exercise. I don’t need a bandage, it’s only a small cut. I feel awful, I think I’m going to be sick. Press the cut firmly – it won’t bleed so much. I’ve got a blister on my heel from my new shoes. Look at this bruise on my leg where I fell off my bike! She’s burnt her hand on the oven. You’ll catch cold if you go out without a coat. If you didn’t smoke, you wouldn’t cough so much. That’s quite a deep cut, I think it will need stitches. He got diarrhoea when he had food poisoning. I’m feeling dizzy, I think I ought to sit down. There’s a new drug available to treat arthritis. My earache has affected my hearing. Two soldiers fainted because of the heat. I feel sick – are you sure that fish was fresh? Flu can be a very serious illness for old people. She got food poisoning from eating chicken. If you think you have flu, go to your GP. A headache is the most common health problem. Stress can make you at risk of having a heart attack. High blood pressure can lead to having a stroke.
I’ve got a really sore throat, it hurts when I swallow. People suffer from more illnesses as they get older.
injekce zranění medicína jehla operace bolest lék proti bolesti vyrážky odpočinek vyšetření ultrazvukem kýchat bolení v krku specialista vyvrtnout stehy bolení žaludku mozková mrtvice opuchlý příznaky teplota léčba zkřivila v bezvědomí rána rentgen
You can get an injection to protect you from flu. He was taken to hospital, his injuries were serious. Take this medicine once a day until you feel better. She refused the injection, she’s terrified of needles. You’ll need an operation to repair your knee. You should always take a pain in the chest seriously. Take some painkillers and go to bed. She gets a red rash all over if she eats strawberries. It’s important to get plenty of rest when you’re ill. I had another scan today – they said the baby’s well. Don’t sneeze over me, I don’t want to catch your cold! I’ve got a really sore throat, it hurts when I swallow. My doctor is sending me to see a specialist. I haven’t broken it, I’ve just sprained my ankle. I went to hospital to have my stitches taken out. I’m never eating fish again – I had stomach ache. He’s had a stroke – his right side is paralyzed. Her wrist looks very swollen – perhaps it’s broken. Pains in the chest can be symptoms of a heart attack. He’s got a temperature and his body aches. The best treatment I can suggest is to drink water. She twisted her ankle when she tripped over the cat. He can’t hear me – I think he’s unconscious. I’ll cover the wound with a bandage to keep it clean. When they took an X-ray, they discovered a break.
dýchat buňky dusit se škodit dlouhodobý panikařit štípnout posílit uvíznout polykat
Breathe deeply so I can listen to your lungs. ‘Good stress’ can aid proteins that repair cells. Use the Heimlich manoeuvre if he’s choking. Experts agree that smoking damages your health. Long-term stress is bad for your health. Peter was choking – I began to panic. My son was stung by a wasp when he was five. ‘Good stress’ can strengthen our natural defences. One of the tomatoes got stuck in Peter’s throat. I almost swallowed my tongue when I fell.
úspěch Alzheimerova choroba proti stárnutí desinfekční schůzka artritida prospěšný popálenina kontrola třešeň chronický tvrdit vědomí pohovka konečný temín choroba vyčerpaný být rád
The award gave us a sense of achievement. Alzheimer’s is a disease common among old people. Dr Marios Kyriazis is an anti-ageing expert. If you have a cut, put some antiseptic cream on it. Did you make an appointment to see the doctor? A lot of old people suffer from arthritis. He claims ‘good stress’ is beneficial to our health. You should never break any blisters on a burn. It’s a good idea to get a check-up from your dentist. There was a cherry on the top of my dessert. Caring for someone with a chronic illness is hard. Dr Kyriazis claims that ‘good stress’ is beneficial. If you drink too much alcohol you can lose consciousness. I don’t feel well – I’ll just lie down on the couch. Working to a deadline is an example of ‘good stress’. Cholera is a deadly disease. I’m exhausted! I’ve just swum 40 lengths of the pool. I was glad I could help when the woman was choking.
More Words to Learn breathe cells choke damage long-term panic sting (stung, stung) strengthen stuck swallow (v)
hihňat se postupně škodlivý objetí infekce dovnitř manévr příručka mechanismus člen mírný krvácení z nosu pacient stlačit náplast otrava tlak průběh bílkovina štěně dostat se reakce malovat zůstat reakce spěchat samoopravný krátkodobý zaměstnanci zapnout zacházet s čím pas vosa
File 2 Vocabulary Bank
‘Look at me, Mum,’ giggled my three-year old son. His health is gradually improving. There are a lot of harmful chemicals in cigarettes. I just put my arm round the lady and gave her a hug. Clean the wound thoroughly to prevent infection. The sides of the well collapsed inwards. Use the Heimlich manoeuvre if she’s choking. Do you have an instruction manual for the PC? The body has a self-repair mechanism. There are five members in my family. You need to bake this at moderate heat. To stop a nosebleed, sit down and pinch your nose. The new hospital will have beds for 1,500 patients. To stop a nosebleed, sit down and pinch your nose. Ouch! I cut my finger! Have you got a plaster? He has food poisoning – he ate some raw pork. Nosebleeds can be a symptom of high blood pressure. Studying language is a slow process. Cells produce proteins which repair damage. We’ve had our dog since he was a puppy. I can’t stop, I’m in a hurry to reach the airport. He had an allergic reaction when he ate nuts. We’re redecorating our bedroom this weekend. A piece of steak remained stuck in her throat. His response to the question was very rude. I saw what was happening and rushed over to help. The self-repair mechanism of cells slows down. It’s just a short-term solution, but a good one. The ambulance staff told me exactly what to do. Switch on the light, it’s dark in here. When we treat our body badly, we damage it. He put his arms round her waist. My son was stung by a wasp when he was five.
mašle propínací svetr kostkovaný límec bavlna džínovina vystrojit se vyšňořená sedět, pasovat padnout jako ulitý
I’m not sure I like the big velvet bow on this dress. Take a cardigan with you, it might get cold. Pete’s wearing those awful checked trousers again. It’s a nice shirt, but the collar’s too tight. Wearing cotton clothes is the best way to keep cool. Denim cloth is very hard-wearing. Do we have to dress up for dinner, or can I wear jeans? Susi’s dressed to kill tonight – she’ll certainly be noticed! I must be putting on weight, this shirt doesn’t fit me. That suit fits her like a glove, she had it especially made.
fur get changed get dressed get undressed hang up hooded in your shoes
I would never wear a fur coat – fur belongs on animals. I need to get changed into some clean clothes. Hurry up and get dressed, or you’ll miss the school bus. The children got undressed and are ready for bed. I wish you’d hang up your coat on the hook. You aren’t allowed to wear hooded tops in some places. That sounds like a difficult situation. I wouldn’t like to be in your shoes. I only wear leather shoes, plastic is uncomfortable. George has bought a really stylish linen suit. That’s Henry over there, in the blue long-sleeved top.
bow cardigan checked collar cotton denim dress up dressed to kill fit fits her like a glove
batoh sandály šála zanedbaný hedvábí bez rukávů pantofle elegantní puntíkovaný punčochy pruhovaný styl stylový semiš oblek sluší plavky těsný
You should wear loose clothing when you go to the gym. Serious cyclists wear lycra shorts. Your bag matches your shoes – they’re the same colour. Man-made materials are better quality than they were 20 years ago. I’m looking for a white nylon running vest. That tie’s very old-fashioned – it’s too wide. I don’t like the pattern on this carpet. Wear a patterned shirt with a plain tie. Wear a patterned shirt with a plain tie. He will have to pull his socks up if he wants to pass. Have you got a good rucksack to take camping? Don’t forget to pack some sandals to wear on the beach. It’s very cold and windy, put a scarf round your neck. He looks really scruffy – his clothes are old and worn. I love silk shirts, but I hate ironing them. Joanna looked gorgeous in a sleeveless linen dress. I’m getting mum some new suede slippers. Jeff always looks so smart in his army uniform! Don’t wear a spotted shirt with a striped jacket. Not many people wear stockings these days. Don’t wear a spotted shirt with a striped jacket. The styles invented by the young are often outrageous. George has bought a really stylish linen suit. I’m getting mum some new suede slippers. Tom has bought a really expensive linen suit. That skirt really suits you – you look great in it. I realized I’d forgotten my swimsuit. These shoes are a bit tight, I should have bought the bigger size. She’s very trendy – she always wears the latest fashions. I’m not sure I like the big velvet bow on the back. I’m looking for a white nylon running vest. Have you got a blue V-neck woollen jumper in a size 10? Have you got a blue V-neck woollen jumper in a size 10?
2A More Words to Learn burst out laughing characteristics costume neurotic research slightly stereotype survey (n) take (yourself) seriously tribe
We both looked at his clothes, and burst out laughing.
rys oblek nervózní výzkum trošku stereotyp průzkum brát se vážně
Politeness is one of the characteristics of Englishness. Goths often wear black costumes. She’s quite neurotic – always worrying. In fact, the research showed we were wrong. I found the article slightly boring. In many countries there are jokes based on stereotypes. A worldwide survey has cast doubt on the results. They always take themselves too seriously.
A ‘tribe’ of young people share ideas.
More words in 2A achieve afford alike anthropologist
I appreciate all your help. That idiot spilt red wine on my beige linen suit! A worldwide survey has cast doubt on results. Which category doe this CD go in – rock, or pop? They make excellent ceremonial costume. People often compliment us on our good manners. He wears highly conspicuous clothes – they’re so bright. Their business is unable to cope with the workload. What are the current fashions? He’s very interested in the distant past. Their family has too many dysfunctional relationships. My great uncle is very eccentric. The elderly are best looked after in residential homes. Historically there has always been a lot of emigration. We used a survey to establish the data. It’s difficult to generalize about young people. We are very hard-working – people here live to work. We’re very proud of our identity and cultural heritage. The tailor makes high-class men’s suits. I want to get some high-heeled shoes. Their styles are often imitated by designers. Many people have an inability to learn languages. The information you gave was inaccurate. I think we are strong individualists – we want few rules. I have inherited the typical optimism and drive. MP3 players are examples of ‘innovative technology’. He’s really inventive, he built a wind-up radio. The companies are closely linked. The Goths wear macabre black costumes. Some communities feel marginalized by society. He’s so materialistic, he’s only interested in money. The measure of success for most people here is money. We do have a tendency to melancholy. London has a very multi-ethnic population. She’s quite nostalgic – she often speaks about the past. His dress sense is outrageous – I’m shocked by him. I got a pale grey suede jacket in the sale, it only cost £35. English people are very patriotic, especially during sporting events. Our prices range from £30 to £80 for a pair of jeans. He has no regard for peoples’ opinions. He has a reputation for dressing badly. John is really reserved, he won’t talk to strangers at all. I think I’m typical in many respects, I like the same as everyone else. The Highlands have some beautiful scenery. Can you be more specific about when you last saw him? Street fashion is mostly influenced by urban music. She has a tendency to talk too much. I’m very tolerant and open-minded. She shows an unwillingness to learn foreign languages! Dracula is the most famous fictional vampire Do you think women pay more attention than men, or vice versa? His main weakness is that he won’t share information.
chystat se kabina držet se zázrak křičet nedostatek potácet se labuť turbulence vozík pro postižené
I was totally convinced that we were about to die. During the turbulence, bags flew around the cabin. Passengers desperately clung to their seats. It’s a miracle that nobody was hurt. He screamed, ‘We’re going to crash!’ There is always a shortage of wheelchairs. We all staggered off the plane in a state of shock. A swan can easily cause an accident to an aeroplane. We were relaxing when the plane hit some turbulence. There is always a shortage of wheelchairs for people.
The pilot had to abort the take off. There is a critical moment when the plane is accelerating. There is a sensible drinking policy on all airlines. You can usually ask for a window or aisle seat. He told me an anecdote about his time as a pilot. ‘Air Babylon’ is written by an anonymous author. Have you ever had a problem with a passenger on board? There was chaos at Heathrow. We use ‘so’ / ‘such’… (‘that’) to express consequence. It is important for controllers to have good English. Most countries respect the convention and their pilots speak in English. It was the co-pilot who landed the aircraft. We received a free flight courtesy of British Airways. Most air crew enjoy their jobs. The flight has landed, they’ll go through customs soon. ‘Ryanair’ and ‘Easyjet’ are two cut-price airlines. In some cases birds can do some damage to engines. The official asked, ‘Do you have anything to declare?’ There was such a long delay because of fog. Passengers leave from Departures. I distinctly remember having met you before. Can you go through the events of the story again? It’s worth listening to information about emergency exits. The company had to force their pilots to speak in English. If there’s a fire there will be smoke and fumes. He looked very imposing, nearly two metres tall. I felt terrible – incapable of doing anything at all. What would happen if they were both incapacitated? Some airports are notorious for losing luggage. Birds are one of the major problems for any airport. Steven Seagal is a martial arts expert. You’re sleepy – have a nap. Basic navigation equipment is very important. Some airports are notorious for losing luggage. Once I got food poisoning on a flight. There is a sensible drinking policy on all airlines. We had such heavy cases that we had to ask for a porter. He went to baggage reclaim to pick up his luggage. I slept so badly that it took me two days to recover. Airlines recommend wearing the seatbelt at all times. Pilots have to practise on a simulator before flying. Check-in staff communicate via simultaneous email.
More words in 2B abort accelerate airline aisle anecdote anonymous board chaos consequence controllers convention
spolupilot pozornost posádka celní prohlídka zlevněný škoda proclít zpoždění odjezdy jasně, zřetelně události východ nutit výpary, kouř velkolepý neschopný zneschopněni zavazadla hlavní válečný zdřímnutí navigační nechvalně známý otrava přístup nosič vyzvednout vzpamatovat se bezpečnostní pás simulátor souběžný
svačina chrápat sprintovat přežití meč terminály bouře zaoceánský převážený přepravováni psát na stroji tajfuny životně důležité varování
waste (n) worth
ztráta stát za co
A flight attendant brought us some hot snacks. He was snoring the whole journey. I had to sprint to catch the train this morning. The chances of surviving a crash are not high. He was carrying an enormous samurai sword. Most big airports have several different terminals. The wind often changes direction during thunderstorms. The transatlantic flight takes over ten hours. A lot of transferred luggage got left behind at Heathrow. Passengers are transported to the plane by a bus. He took a really long time to type the letter. Thunderstorms and typhoons cause a lot of turbulence. It’s vital for pilots and controllers to have good English. There was no advance warning, so many people were hurt. He thought that studying was a waste of time. Is it really worth passengers wearing seat belts?
2C More Words to Learn žadonit pohazovat tlačítko zběsilý, šílený beznadějný hospodyně pudl trhat zakopnout zabalit
She begged him to let her join him in New York. Mommy bounced him on her knee. He pressed the black button to start the machine. ‘Dad!’ she shouted,‘I’ve been frantic. You’re late again.’ I’m hopeless at organizing, I bought a book to help me. ‘Dinner at six,’ the housekeeper told the maid. He bought a new dog, a poodle. He showed her how to tear the paper and open the boxes. She tripped over the dog that was lying on the floor. I wrapped up all the presents on Christmas Eve.
úzkostlivě na kousky tleskat blábolit kostky bomba prasknout žádat pevný generační rozdíl
She begged him anxiously to let her join him. She tore the box apart as she quickly opened her present. At the end of the concert, everybody applauded. Jack was babbling baby talk and smiling his happy smile. He likes to build, he has lots and lots of wooden blocks. My house looks as if it’s been hit by a bomb. The windshield cracked and popped out. ‘How long has he been off?’ Peter’s mother demanded. Peter felt his mother’s firm grip on his shoulder. It isn’t easy to bridge the generation gap between us.
gipsy grab gradually hard hardly hose howl hug immediately increasingly
The gipsy had warned her about this man. She grabbed Peter’s arm and spun him around. He gradually began to realise that she didn’t love him. He works very hard – at least ten hours a day. Her French isn’t very good, she can hardly say anything. The fire engine had lights, a siren, and hoses. Little Brother™ started to cry, and soon he was howling. Peter was so excited that he gave him a big hug. She recognized the writing on the envelope immediately. Since his wife’s death his son had become increasingly difficult. Have you seen this incredibly good looking man? Andrew swatted a few insects with his newspaper. She didn’t thank me. Instead, she gave Tony a gift. I had good intentions, but couldn’t help.
beg bounce (v) button frantic hopeless at housekeeper poodle tear (tore, tore) trip over wrapped (up)
naplácání točit (na)skládat povrch plácnout vyhrožovat batolit se potácející se třást se neuvěřitelně zmačkat vagón přední sklo svraštit křičet
Vocabulary Bank acquit arrest assassinate assassination blackmail (n) blackmail (v) blackmailer break in / burgle bribe (n) bribe (v) bribery burglar burglary capital punishment the death penalty catch (a criminal) charge (v) commit community service
She begged him to let her join him in New York. Mommy picked up Joe and sat him in her lap. Suddenly, Little Brother™ was limp on the floor – lifeless. Suddenly, Little Brother™ was limp on the floor – lifeless. What sort of material is your coat made from? The postman delivered two packages this morning. He was patting the dog when it bit him. Peter placed the bricks carefully one on top of the other. He’s reading this book for pleasure, not for study. He popped the balloon with a pin. ‘Revenge is sweet,’ thought Jane as she cut up her husband’s new suit. Holiday romances rarely last very long. Peter had wanted the toy for three Christmases in a row. Mommy scooped up the doll and turned him on. They have a housekeeper and three servants. The fire engine had lights, a siren, and hoses just like the real thing. He was given a spanking for breaking the toys. She grabbed his arm and spun him around. The blocks I stacked up fell over. Put the TV on a flat surface, so it doesn’t fall off. She swatted the mosquito that had been bothering us. Peter threatened to turn the TV off. Peter let the baby toddle over and knock down the tower. Little Brother™ took tottering baby steps toward Peter. Little Brother™ trembled and screeched loudly. She felt unbelievably happy as she stepped on board. Peter wadded the paper into balls and threw them. My little boy likes to play with a wagon and blocks. The windshield cracked in the crash. His face wrinkled up as if he were about to cry. ‘I’ll do it!’ he yelled.
zprostit viny zatknout zavraždit vražda vydírání vydírat vyděrač vloupat se
He was acquitted and allowed to go free. They were arrested and taken to a police station. President J F Kennedy was assassinated in 1963. The assassination of JFK shocked the world. He was convicted of blackmail. He was blackmailed into paying her to keep quiet. The blackmailer said he would go to the newspapers. Someone broke in to our flat and stole my laptop.
úplatek podplatit úplatkářství zloděj loupež trest smrti
He was arrested for offering the policeman a bribe. He tried to bribe me to keep quiet about the robbery. The businessman was arrested on charges of bribery. The burglar who broke into our flat was only sixteen. The burglary had a terrible effect on my mother. Britain abolished capital punishment in 1965.
trest smrti chytit obvinit spáchat veřejně prospěšné práce
Several states in the US still apply the death penalty. The burglar was caught as he tried to escape. Carl and Adam were charged with murder. There was no proof that he had committed the crime. He was sentenced to 100 hours of community service.
soud obchodník s drogami obchod s drogami pokuta podvod vinen unést únosce unášení vyšetřovat soudce porota unést osobu únosce unášení rozsudek na doživotí zabití přepadnout lupič přepadení vražda vraždit vrah nevinen důkaz důkaz, svědectví trest vyslýchat znásilnění znásilnit násilník vyloupit zloděj loupež prodávat drogy trest aktivovat bomby 6 měsíců vězení
The mugger was charged and taken to court. Drug dealers often hang around the street corners. The police take drug dealing very seriously here. Don’t expect to get off with a fine if you’re caught. Three bank employees were found guilty of fraud. Three bank employees were found guilty of fraud. Two men tried to hijack the plane. The hijacker wanted the government to free prisoners. Hijacking is difficult because of increased security. The police investigated the crime last year. The judge sentenced the rapist to 15 years in prison. The kidnapper was found guilty by the jury. A woman walked in and tried to kidnap a baby. The kidnapper was found guilty by the jury. We were warned that kidnapping was common here. The murderer was given a life sentence. When a killing is not intentional it is manslaughter. Someone tried to mug my sister and steal her mobile. The mugger was charged and taken to court. Mugging can be a problem in the city centre. We abolished capital punishment for murder in 1965. She murdered her husband because he tried to leave. The murderer was given a life sentence. He was accused of rape, found not guilty. The police were sure he did it, but there wasn’t proof. The jury had to examine all the evidence. People think that ten years isn’t enough punishment. The police questioned him for hours. He was accused of rape, but he denied the charge. The girl said she had been raped by a stranger. The judge sentenced the rapist to 15 years in prison. The gang robbed the post office last year. The two robbers were wearing masks. There’s been a robbery at the bank. Selling drugs is a more serious offence. The burglar was given a sentence of 2 years. Animal rights campaigners set off bombs at the lab. The judge sentenced her to six months in prison.
He was caught trying to smuggle drugs into the UK. Drug smugglers sometimes swallow packages. Smuggling diamonds is a highly-organised crime. Someone stole my bag while I was in the restaurant. He was convicted of terrorism, and sent to jail. Terrorists have blown up the headquarters of bank. Theft from shops is called shoplifting. The security guard saw the thief steal the jacket. Some young vandals damaged several cars. I think that graffiti is a form of vandalism. The school was vandalized and all its windows broken. The jury are going to deliver their verdict tomorrow. There were no witnesses to the attack.
3A More Words to Learn antiques burglar alarm humiliation
starožitnosti /&n"ti;ks/ /"b3;[email protected](r) @%lA;m/ poplašné zařízení /hju;%mIli"eISn/ ponížení
She collects antiques from Asia. We installed a burglar alarm after the break-in. He suffered the humiliation of cleaning the sewers.
v transu vyslýchat spravedlnost, odplata kotě kouzelník drsný oběť
People were just standing as if they were in a trance. She has spent five days being interrogated by police. Making a vandal repaint a wall is ‘creative justice’. The kittens were only a few days old. The magicians often perform at charity events. She comes from a tough family background. Victims of crime often need emotional support.
opustit hymna přístup přisuzovat štěkat zvítězit nad kým majetek obtěžovat druh pokladní chronologický objasnit úředníci konvenční soudní budova soudní síň přeplněný vazba detail přít se služba plnit grafity hypnotický bez přestání nakazit inspirovat vyslýchat vězení nabitý márnice pachatel prezidentství prestižní znovu porušit zákon vládnutí vykonávat funkci zručně překročení rychlosti místo dodává pokladník metro pneumatiky cennosti virus varovat les
She was arrested for abandoning some kittens. He sang the anthem of his favourite football team. He attributes his approach to his family background. He attributes his approach to his family background. Their dogs bark incessantly and bother everyone. You can beat the burglars by installing an alarm. Be careful with their belongings. Their dogs bark incessantly and bother everyone. His unique brand of ‘creative justice’ is very famous. He made cashiers hand over all the money. The information is not given in a chronological order. Re-read the article to clarify the information. Bank clerks have been told to be aware of robbers. He’s not very conventional in his dress sense. The judge works in a courthouse. The courtroom was full of journalists. My office is really cramped. A judge ordered the prisoner to be held in custody. I read the newspaper article for more detail. Two neighbours were disputing about their land. Officers on duty at the stadium arrested the thief. Fulfilling the contract was extremely difficult. I think that graffiti is a form of vandalism. He put people into a hypnotic trance. Their dogs bark incessantly and bother everyone. A computer virus can infect thousands of PCs. His tough family background inspired him. He was interrogated by police in prison in Argentina. She could choose between jail and a fine. A man was carrying a loaded gun in the street. He went to the mortuary to view dead bodies. Offenders have to choose between jail and an alternative. This year he won the presidency of the law society. I didn’t go to a prestigious law firm. John reoffended, and was sent to jail again. His ruling was considered very harsh. He was elected to serve another six years. He picked pockets so skilfully – he was a professional. I was caught speeding, and had to pay a fine. An arsonist set fire to a local beauty spot. I’m the director of a company which supplies paper. The bank tellers have gone on strike. The London Underground is also called ‘the Tube’. Teenagers let down tyres on school buses. What is the best place to hide your valuables? A computer virus can infect thousands of PCs. We were warned there was going to be a storm. I spent three hours lost in the woods.
pod nulou sněhová bouře vánek jasno proměnlivý mrazivo jasný chladný vlhký mrholení sucho povodeň mráz, bod mrazu síla vichřice promoknout spálit se krupobití teplá vlna silný vlhko hurikán zledovatělý blesk tát mírný monzun lít (o dešti) parný stabilní třást se přeháňky kluzký silný slunečno potit se hustý hrom teplo mokro, deštivo větrno
The temperature will be below zero tomorrow. The strong winds and snow created a real blizzard. It’s not too windy, there’s just a pleasant breeze. Tomorrow will be sunny and bright, although cold. The weather will be changeable – wet and sunny. It’s a bit chilly, so take a coat with you. On a clear day you can see the coast of Wales. Our house is cool in summer, due to the stone walls. It’s a bit damp outside, although it isn’t raining. It’s still drizzling a bit, so take your umbrella. There were terrible droughts in Africa again last year. The flood left hundreds of farms under water. The Antarctic is always below freezing. The ship was battered by gale-force winds. You’ll get soaked if you go out in this heavy rain! Put on some suncream, don’t get sunburnt. The cars were damaged by ice during the hailstorm. We’re in a heatwave, it’s been hot for weeks. In Scotland there will be strong winds and heavy rain. It’s very humid today, there’s no air at all. A hurricane has caused widespread destruction. Driving will be dangerous as the roads will be icy. Look at the lightning – I love thunderstorms. The snow was melting minutes after it fell. Winters are usually quite mild in England. There is usually a monsoon after the long dry season. It’s pouring with rain outside, let’s wait until it stops. Yet another scorching, sunny day – 42 degrees. The weather will become more settled on Friday. You’re shivering, do you want to borrow my jacket? They are expecting some snow showers. Be careful! The pavement’s very slippery. These strong winds are damaging the trees. Tomorrow will be sunny and bright. He was sweating heavily because of the heat. There will be thick fog in the hills and near the coast. I don’t mind the lightning, but I’m afraid of thunder. It isn’t warm enough to turn the central heating off. It’s going to be wet, with rain for most of the day. It’s not too windy outside, there’s a pleasant breeze.
3B More Words to Learn canal chaos climate change CO2 emissions crazy fan (n) organic (food) recycle (v) rubbish bin sea level
The canals were full of rubbish and old bikes. The snow caused chaos for people going to work. Climate change is an issue we can’t avoid.
emise oxidu uhličitého We have to reduce CO2 emissions as soon as possible. šílení větrák bio recyklovat odpadkový koš hladina moře
There were crazy people dancing on the roof. There was a large fan to cool everyone down. I buy organic food, which has been grown locally. We regularly recycle paper, glass, and plastic The street was full of overflowing rubbish bins. Sea levels may rise if we carry on polluting.
vstřebat klimatizace spotřebiče blok brzdit družička rozpočet žárovky přehled zpráv pobřežní zápasit vyvážit dilema přemístit tucet ekologický výpravný vybavený vyhynout stopy ledovec popadnout obyvatelný horizont domácnost hybrid ledový neprůchodný nedostatek životní styl spousta, náklad drancovník nízko položený chaos, nepořádek mírný přetéct úchylný polární střediska stoupající trasy vyrážející břečka půda sluneční druhy pohotovostní režim zírat uvíznutý oteplit se trans tsunami nesnesitelně představit si
24 trees can absorb a household’s emissions of CO2. I don’t understand the need for air-conditioning. Don’t keep your electrical appliances on standby. She lives in a block of flats. When you brake, the car’s battery is charged. Sarah was invited to be a bridesmaid at the wedding. ‘Titanic’ was a really high budget movie. Use only energy-saving light bulbs. I stayed up all night watching the TV bulletins. The number of serious coastal storms will double. Their leader is trying to combat climate change. We have to compensate for our CO2 emissions. So now she had a terrible dilemma. To fly or not? The floods displaced hundreds of millions of people. Two or three dozen trees were planted in the field. Try to support an environmental organization. The epic journey took her nearly two months. The pub is equipped with a large fan during summer. Many species will have become extinct by 2010. His carbon footprint is huge – he’s always flying. Many glaciers will have melted completely. I had to grab hold of her so I wouldn’t be blown over. Low-lying islands will no longer be habitable. There are storm clouds on the horizon. They create too much household waste. A hybrid car has a normal and electric motor. I really enjoy ice-cold beer. I tried various routes but every road was impassable. The ski resorts closed down due to lack of snow. Barbara decided to make big changes to her lifestyle. A whole load of trucks were stuck in the snow. I was afraid of looters breaking in and stealing things. Low-lying islands like the Maldives are in danger. Havana was in a dreadful mess after the hurricane. Half the world will be having moderate droughts. There was a real danger that the river would overflow. I had a kind of perverse desire to be the last to leave. The extinction of polar bears is expected soon. 50% of the world’s ski resorts will close down. We stayed to watch the water level rising. I tried various routes but the roads were blocked. I could hear cars starting up and setting off . The snow turned to slush as the temperature rose. Hurricane force winds ripped trees out of the wet soil. We will all be using solar power to heat our houses. Many animal species will become extinct. Don’t keep your TV on standby. Some people were standing there staring in a trance. Many of the trucks were stuck in the snow. Even if it thaws tomorrow, the damage is done. He was completely shocked – in a trance. The number of tsunamis will have doubled. It was unbearably cold – the electricity was cut off. No one could possibly have visualized the damage.
podle pohroma pohroma utopit se nebezpečí místo hřiště vyděsit žalovat hrozba zatímco
According to the statistics it will get hotter. Death from heart disease is a catastrophe. Every year, children are drowned in pools. The hazards of flying aren’t very high. Instead of flying, she decided to travel over land! Visitors to the playground must provide ID. Risks that scare people and risks that kill are different. Parents of an injured child might sue the school. Terrorism is less of a threat than heart disease. I can’t amend the design, whereas I can rewrite.
Generally people are bad at assessing risk. The wheels of baby-buggies are cleaned daily. Women are more careful and cautious drivers. Childhood should be a time of fun. Our daily lives are full of dangers. Peter Sandman is a risk consultant. Are you a decisive person? Decide now! ‘The dread factor’ describes our fear. Parents want to remove every element of risk. Schools have become obsessed with eliminating risk. Sandman uses the following equation: for most people risk = hazard (or danger) + outrage (or horror). I am at the mercy of myriad external factors. I am at the mercy of myriad external factors. Most fatal accidents happen on country roads. Too much fatty food can cause heart disease. First-time visitors must provide proof of ID. Most fatal accidents happen on country roads, so freeways are much safer. Parents are guaranteed total peace of mind. Always unplug your hairdryer after using it. It is cleaned daily to remove any harmful objects. We can’t tell if our meat is infected. Most of the bigger toys are inflatable. The jogger was hit by a car. Keep a first aid kit in your house. They’ll call us as soon as they’ve landed. They can climb trees and walk on logs. People are more scared of short-term dangers than longterm ones. Security cameras are mounted on the ceiling. There are a lot of myths about health risks. He had a non-fatal accident last Friday.
More words in 3C assessing baby-buggies cautious childhood cholesterol consultant decisive dread element eliminating equation
When hazard is low and outrage high, people overreact. When hazard is low and outrage high, people overreact. It is riskier to be a pedestrian than to drive. I took my son to the playground. Potentially harmful substances have been removed. This place puts absolute priority on safety.
Don’t cycle at night unless your lights work properly. Mad cow disease is extremely rare, but it terrifies us. Most of the bigger toys are inflatable to reduce risks. Generally people are bad at assessing risk. By day a driver’s visibility is roughly 500 metres. The sandpit contains sterilized sand. Do you think punishments should be more severe? According to the statistics, you would be wrong. The sandpit contains sterilized sand. Jamie loves meat but his wife is a strict vegetarian. Should children go swimming without an adult supervising? According to a recent survey, people eat badly. průzkum People tend to be scared of short-term dangers. mít tendenci Terrorism is less of a threat than heart disease. terorismus Terrorism is less of a threat than heart disease. hrozba nedostatečně reagovat When hazard is high but the terror is low, people underreact. You are not unique – most people are bad at it. jedinečný Always unplug your hairdryer. vypnout ze zásuvky Jamie loves meat but his wife is a strict vegetarian. vegetarián By day a driver’s visibility is roughly 500 metres. viditelnost Most fatal accidents happen within 40km of home. v rámci
4A Personality Vocabulary Bank astonished confused couldn’t believe my eyes delighted desperate devastated disappointed down in the dumps exhausted fed up furious glad grateful homesick lonely nervous offended over the moon overwhelmed relieved scared stiff shocked sick and tired stunned terrified thrilled upset worn out
I was absolutely astonished when I won the award. Most people are stunned and confused by disasters. I couldn’t believe my eyes – she looked ten years younger. We were delighted when our daughter graduated. potěšen Kevin was feeling desperate – he had become lost. zoufalý They were absolutely devastated when their son died. zničený James was disappointed when he didn’t get a new bike. zklamaný jako hromádka neštěstí You look a bit down in the dumps. Are you OK? vyčerpaný otrávený
After three days without sleep I was exhausted. Kevin got fed up with Marcus because he was complaining. I was furious with their poor decision. I’m glad we went to the party, I really enjoyed it. I’ll always be grateful to Matt for helping me. I was homesick the whole time I was living abroad. I think Joanna’s a bit lonely in London. I get very nervous before an exam. Julia was very offended when you didn’t invite her. He finally passed his driving test! He’s over the moon! Mum was completely overwhelmed when Dad died. I was relieved to find I hadn’t lost my passport after all! When I saw the burglar I was scared stiff. When a disaster happens most people are so shocked. I’m sick and tired of telling you to do your homework. Most people are stunned and confused when in disasters. Yossi tried to sleep but he felt terrified. Susie was thrilled to be chosen to star in the school play. She was very upset when she heard about the accident. I’m completely worn out, I just want to sit down.
začít hořet srazit se evakuace výbuch džungle ochromený raft reagovat třást kdo přežil
They got out just before the plane caught fire. A Pan Am 747 collided with a Dutch KLM 747. Panicking people were obstructing the evacuation. She heard an explosion and felt the building move. The two friends were now separated in the jungle. Other passengers froze, their minds paralyzed. He decided that he would raft down the river. She doesn’t react well to stress. The building shook during the earthquake. One of the survivors of the crash was a small boy.
opustit trampování včela větev bzučení kánoe kaňon kategorie srážka rozkaz zvládnout krize rozhodný hustý diagram po proudu nácvik utopit se celý záblesk, baterka plout stopovat lovec hysterický infikovaný jaguár nedostatek smrtelný život hala kláda komár překážet deštný les peřej zůstat odlehlý repelent zhruba druhy nálada sprej hledět
We had to abandon the search for the village. We went backpacking in a remote area of Bolivia. Suddenly he heard the sound of a bee buzzing in his ear. He woke up because he heard a branch breaking. Suddenly he heard the sound of a bee buzzing in his ear. Kevin was rescued by two Bolivian hunters in a canoe. The two friends were now separated by a canyon. There are three categories of people. 60 seconds after the collision the plane exploded. Years later, she still thinks about that command. How would you cope if the unthinkable happened? In a crisis many people ‘freeze’. A normally decisive person may not act at all. The forest was too dense to see through. He had studied the 747’s safety diagram. He came up to the surface several kilometres downriver. I thought it was probably a fire drill. But Yossi didn’t drown. He came up to the surface. Most people go their entire lives without a disaster. He woke up and turned on his flash light. He found their backpack floating in the river. We went on a long hike in the mountains. Kevin was rescued by two Bolivian hunters in a canoe. Some people panic and become hysterical in a crisis. His feet became infected and were hurting. Jaguars are South American big-cats. He was weak from lack of food and sleep. Many of these plants are lethal if you eat them. They went into the jungle on the adventure of a lifetime. Find the quickest way down to the hotel lobby. He held onto a log and let himself float down the river. He thought a bee had got inside his mosquito net. People were obstructing the evacuation. The Amazonian rainforest is roughly the size of Europe. The river got faster and soon they were in rapids. About 10% to 15% of people remain calm. The three friends went backpacking in a remote area . Wear plenty of insect repellent; there are mosquitoes. The Amazonian rainforest is roughly the size of Europe. It is home to 50% of species known to man. Yossi’s spirits changed from desperate to optimistic. A spray of water chased off the cat. There was a jaguar staring at him.
More words in 4A abandon backpacking bee branch buzzing canoe canyon categories collision command cope crisis decisive dense diagram downriver drill drown entire flash float hike hunter hysterical infected jaguar lack lethal lifetime lobby log mosquito obstruct rainforest rapids remain remote repellent roughly species spirits spray (n) stare
After five days alone, Yossi was exhausted and starving. Disasters can strike any time anywhere. Yossi came up to the surface several kilometres away. Yossi was swept away by the rapids. Suddenly he found a footprint on the trail. I felt as if I was in a trance. How would you cope if the unthinkable happened? The vast majority of people do very little. A normally decisive person may not act at all quickly in a crisis and vice versa.
4B More Words to Learn behaviour ignore lose your temper mat nag (v) pile (n)
Reward good behaviour and ignore the bad. Reward good behaviour and ignore the bad. He didn’t lose his temper but carried on searching. They train birds to land on mats on the ground. But the nagging and shouting just made him worse. Slowly but surely, the piles of clothes on the floor became smaller. If a behaviour provokes no response, it disappears. Reward good behaviour and ignore the bad. I learned a great technique from a trainer. He’s so tense and irritable.
férově fascinovaný přetočit se podněcovat zvyky bylinky neslučitelný podrážděný
If you’re the person who is in the wrong, just admit it! My second piece of advice is simple. We were able to reach an agreement. Amy applied the techniques she learnt from the animal trainers to her husband. These are ‘approximations’ – rewarding small steps. I started thanking my husband if he threw a dirty shirt into the dirty clothes basket. She was just looking at me blankly. My new dental brace was uncomfortable. There is a new safety campaign to prevent accidents. Chimps have DNA similar to humans. I like chopping herbs, they smell nice. I began complaining how uncomfortable I was. Dealing with conflict is an important part of any relationship. Don’t be sensitive. I’m making constructive criticism. African cranes are large birds. I wanted to cure him of those things he does. Dealing with conflict is an important part of life. My new dental brace was uncomfortable. Don’t exaggerate to make things sound worse than they really are. Learn how to argue cleanly and fairly. I listened, fascinated, to the discussion. They taught dolphins to flip in the air. The idea is that any response fuels behaviour. He has so many annoying habits. I like chopping herbs – especially basil. The system was incompatible with ours. He’s so tense and irritable these days.
ankle arms bite blow brain broke his heart brush butterflies in my stomach calf (pl calves) chest chew clap comb elbow eyebrows finger fold frowned get cold feet get it off my chest
His music really irritates me. There are other issues to discuss. Please remember to lock the door before you go out. He’s stubborn but lovable. Use another person to mediate for you. The technique is called ‘least reinforcing syndrome’. He was rushing round the house looking for his keys. If the boss finds out, he’ll sack him. We used to skate on the lake in winter. The technique is called ‘least reinforcing syndrome’. Raising your voice will make the other person lose their temper.
I tripped over the cat and twisted my ankle. Arms folded tightly is a gesture of defensiveness. I’m trying to stop biting my nails. I think I’m getting a cold, I keep blowing my nose. The brain is a complex organ. When Miriam left David, she broke his heart. I try to brush my teeth after every meal. I always get butterflies in my stomach before an exam. Wayne damaged a muscle in his calf when training. He’s a tall man with a broad chest. The steak was tough and difficult to chew. Everyone clapped their hands when the plane landed. Aren’t you going to comb your hair before you go out? It’s bad manners to put your elbows on the table. She raised her eyebrows and we immediately stopped. Speakers who point their finger a lot are annoying. His arms are folded tightly over his chest. The teacher frowned when she saw all the mistakes. I’m not sure. I’m starting to get cold feet. I need to tell somebody about it and get it off my chest. Could you give me a hand with my homework? Aren’t you going to comb your hair before you go out? All the passengers clapped their hands. A lot of our body heat is lost through our head. I’ve got blisters on both my heels. He’s going to hospital to have one of his hips replaced. Hold your hand out. When we met we were so happy we hugged each other. I can’t get that song out of my head – stop whistling it.
Your kidneys extract waste material from your blood. Did he kneel down when he proposed marriage? You need to learn the irregular past tenses by heart. Your liver helps to regulate blood sugar levels. Clean mountain air is good for my lungs. I’m trying to stop biting my nails. If you agree, just nod your head. I keep sneezing and blowing my nose. His name is on the tip of my tongue.
pokrčit zírat protáhnout se zuby stehna pas zamával mrknul zápěstí zívnul
My mother only had to raise her eyebrows. Don’t scratch the bite. You’ll only make it worse. Shake hands with the person next to you. She just shrugged her shoulders and told me it was my problem. She just shrugged her shoulders and told me to go. I stared at it for a long time. She got out of bed, and yawned and stretched. I try to brush my teeth after every meal. The largest muscles in your body are in your thighs. These new trousers are a bit tight around the waist. She waved goodbye to her boyfriend as the train left. He winked at me to show that he was only joking. She fell with her hand outstretched and broke her wrist. She got out of bed, and yawned and stretched.
hořký jazyk těla
I find coffee too bitter without sugar. Our body language can reveal a lot about how we feel.
vrtět se, pohrávat si gesto drsný třít hladký kyselý hladit
Fidgeting with our hands shows nervousness. His gestures often occur unconsciously. A cat’s tongue feels very rough when it licks your hand. Rubbing their eyes can be a signal that a person is lying. Your hair looks lovely, and it feels soft and smooth. I love the sour taste of lemons. If he strokes his chin, he’s probably thinking about something. Tapping the table with one’s fingers shows nervousness.
závislý potlesk páska přes oči zelí doutník sepnout obrana úmyslný vzdálený pochyby dávka vydání rozpaky prodloužený popředí faul šílený hnát se tryskem génius schovat
If you are a gambling addict, you’ll end up deep in debt. There was a round of applause for Vanessa. They took off the blindfolds so we could see. I used to hate cabbage when I was a child. I don’t mind the smell of cigar smoke. She had her hands clasped behind her head. It’s a real gesture of defensiveness. Hand and arm gestures are sometimes deliberate. Well, it may be thunder, but it sounds very distant. I doubt if you’ll have wrinkles before you’re forty. I wasn’t really asleep, I just had a momentary doze. And welcome to tonight’s edition of Use your senses. He caused so much embarrassment. Arms extended, he walked forward. The woman in the foreground looks frightened. The defender just committed a foul. Mum was frantic with worry when Jennie was late. They thought it sounded like horses galloping. He’s a computer genius, he hacked into the system. He is hiding something – I can tell.
palms point (v) pulling my leg put your foot in it
More words to learn bitter body language
More words in 4C addict applause blindfolds cabbage cigar clasped defensiveness deliberate (adj) distant doubt doze edition embarrassment extended foreground foul (n) frantic gallop genius hide
5A Vocabulary Bank bass bass guitar beat blowing his own trumpet catchy cello choir composer conductor DJ (disc jockey) drums face the music good ear for music incomprehensible keyboard lead singer monotonous moving music to my ears orchestra
díra upřímnost ukazovací ukazovat nejistý klín opírat se povolení výtah ušní lalok lokna, pramen vlasů volný mramor značení zmasakrovat, zničit kovový chvilkový hnusný nervozita posedlý vyskytnout se otevřenost být v urč.poloze vyčnívající účet nadřazenost textura zastrčit, schovat zkřivit nevěrný
It’s got two tiny little holes in the middle. He lies all the time, I’d question his honesty. You usually point with your index finger. Stress indicates important words. She feels a bit insecure, she needs support. He was in the lead right up until the final lap. A police officer was leaning against my car door He wanted to see my licence. This gesture is often seen among strangers in lifts. He kept scratching his ear lobes. She sometimes plays with a lock of hair. You’ve lost weight, those jeans are too loose now. Did you see that wonderful marble statue of the King? It doesn’t seem to have any unusual markings. No one can massacre a good song like my brother. Yes, it definitely feels metallic. I wasn’t really asleep, I just had a momentary doze. That’s a nasty burn, I think you should see a doctor. Fidgeting with our hands shows nervousness. She’s obsessed with him, she always talks about him. Earthquakes don’t occur frequently. What I like about Amy is her openness and honesty. The way your hands are positioned can show emotions. His thumbs were protruding from his pockets. That’s $40. Would you like a receipt? He has a sense of superiority. The texture isn’t quite like chicken – it tastes quite light. You need to tuck in the sheets. You can easily twist you ankle when doing sport. If my husband was unfaithful I would leave him.
Music bas basová kytara rytmus vychloubat se
A bass is a man who sings with a low-pitched voice. Andy plays bass guitar in a band. It’s hard to dance to music if there isn’t a strong beat. He’s always blowing his own trumpet.
chytlavý čelo sbor skladatel dirigent disk žokej bubny čelit kritice
This song’s got a really catchy tune. I love playing the cello, but it’s difficult to transport. My daughter sings in the school choir. I enjoy writing songs – I’d like to have been a composer. Who’s the conductor of the orchestra you play in? A club is only as good as its DJ. There aren’t many women who play the drums. The others ran away, leaving him to face the music.
He has a good ear for music – he can sing anything.
This song has incomprehensible lyrics.
klávesy hlavní zpěvák monotónní dojemný rajská hudba
We’ve got a keyboard, but it’s not as good as a piano. Who’s the lead singer of the Arctic Monkeys? This music is very monotonous and boring. I find some of Beethoven’s music very moving. This is music to my ears – it was exactly what I wanted to hear. Who’s the conductor of the orchestra you play in?
I can play the piano, but playing the organ is a bit more difficult. I’d join a choir if I didn’t always sing out of tune! We’ve got a keyboard at home, but it’s not as good as a piano. He’s a rapper – he performs urban-freestyle. I play the saxophone in a jazz quartet. Amy Winehouse is a singer-songwriter. Our choir usually employs a professional soloist. I used to be a soprano, but I can’t sing the high notes now. Luciano Pavarotti was one of The Three Tenors. The trumpet is quite a difficult instrument to play well. This song’s got a really catchy tune. The best violins were made in 17th century Italy.
ovlivnit spáchat sebevraždu ve srovnání složitý obyčejný zvědaví vy/zneužívat (vysoko) položený tón přednáška mít sklon
There are many ways music can affect the way we feel. Depressed people sometimes commit suicide. Compared with other music fans, opera lovers are older. Try to avoid making your life unnecessarily complex. Fans of pop music tend to be quite conventional. Fans of gangsta rap tend to be curious about the world. The people who exploit this most write film soundtracks. Faster, higher-pitched music usually sounds happy. Take notes when you listen to the lecture. Fans of pop music tend to be quite conventional.
nadprůměrný podle přesný album rytmus vinit svíčky rysy charismatický refrén okolnosti klíč, vodítko vyjádřen kult popírat disciplína energický rozšířit, rozvést vyjádřit folkový funk žánry hip hop vznětlivě intelektuál intenzivní zesílit životní styl
Doctors typically have above-average intelligence. According to psychologists music is a popular topic. The report provided remarkably accurate predictions. I like Coldplay’s latest album. It’s hard to dance to music if there isn’t a strong beat. A spokesman blamed the manufacturers for the mistake. We light candles to make the room relaxing. It has the characteristics of a good wine. Psychiatrists are typically quite charismatic. This song has a very catchy chorus. I can’t remember the circumstances I first heard it. Personality clues are conveyed in the music’s tempo. Personality clues are conveyed in the music’s tempo. Soft Machine was a cult group in the early seventies. He denied stealing the woman’s handbag. Family and discipline are important life values. Energetic and rhythmic music attracts talkative people. After the lecture you may want to expand your notes. She often expresses her thoughts impulsively. Folk music was very popular in the 1960s. Funk music was popular in the 1970s. Dance music is a very broad genre. People who like hip hop see themselves as attractive. She would often express herself impulsively. Someone who is intellectual might enjoy jazz. Fans of intense music are usually physically active. Music can intensify the emotion that we’re feeling. Musical preferences can reveal a lot about lifestyle.
More Words To Learn affect commit suicide compared with complex (adj) conventional curious exploit (vb) (high) pitched (adj) lecture tend to
More Words in 5A above-average according accurate album beat blame (v) candles characteristics charismatic chorus circumstances clues conveyed cult deny discipline energetic expand express folk funk genres hip hop impulsively intellectual intense intensify lifestyle
melodie vystupovat zapojit do zástrčky zvedat, zvýšit rap odbojný uznání rozjímavý co se týče nápadně odhalit rytmický scéna hudba k čemu vzdělaný soul (hudební styl) symfonie tempo vzrušující radostný hodnoty lišit se na pohled
That soundtrack has some beautiful melodies. Have you ever performed in front of a lot of people? Can you plug in the iron for me, please? When people are angry they raise their voices or shout. Eminem is the most successful white rap artist. Fans of gangsta rap tend to be rebellious. Social recognition is very important to teenagers. My mum likes peaceful, reflective music. Regarding lifestyle, fans of rap tend to be liberal. It provided remarkably accurate results. Choices can reveal information about people’s lifestyle. Salsa is extremely rhythmic music. They can make the scene scary just by the soundtrack. Film score writers are experts at creating atmosphere. Fans of this kind of music tend to be quite sophisticated. James Brown was a famous soul singer. The London Symphony orchestra played here. I enjoy music with a fast tempo. We had a thrilling experience snowboarding. I like upbeat, positive stories. Family and discipline are important life values. Music choice can vary according to mood. A visually emotionless scene can be altered by music.
5B More Words to Learn crane crawl debt deprived fire brigade lack (of) ladder sleepwalk stay in touch tempt
jeřáb lézt dluh ochuzeni hasiči nedostatek žebřík být náměsíčný být v kontaktu svádět
The girl was brought down from the crane on a ladder. He crawled along the 21-metre arm of the crane. Nowadays many people live in a state of ‘sleep debt’. Doctors are often chronically sleep deprived. The police and fire brigade arrived on the scene at 1.30. Lack of sleep can seriously impair doctors’ abilities. The girl was brought down from the crane on a ladder. It wasn’t the first time that she had sleepwalked. Mobile phones and email allow us to stay in touch. TV and the internet tempt us away from our beds.
Lack of sleep can seriously impair your ability to work. We admire people who function on very little sleep. For no apparent reason, he killed his mother-in-law. Most people are woken up artificially by an alarm clock. How long does it usually take you to fall asleep at night? We are a society where services must be available all hours. During the day caffeine helps to keep us awake. Behavioural biologists study sleep-patterns. Do you sleep with a duvet or blankets? Sleepwalking can be very brief – a few minutes. They made a series of mistakes with catastrophic results. A chronic lack of sleep makes us irritable and unhappy. 75% of people habitually consume caffeine. Tiredness contributed to the accident. There has been a crisis in funding education. There was little daylight in the office. A summit meeting was called to deal with the crisis. Coffee can mask the symptoms of sleep deprivation. Sleep is mainly determined by our working hours.
More words in 5B ability admire apparent artificially asleep available
Doctors on night duty are often sleep deprived. Do you sleep with a duvet or blankets? We admire people who function on very little sleep. 75% of people habitually consume caffeine. He carefully wrapped the girl in a safety harness. Lack of sleep can seriously impair reactions. A chronic lack of sleep has serious implications. She will probably have no memory of the incident. He can’t sleep because he suffers from insomnia. They were worried she was intending to commit suicide. It is ironic that we admired such a dishonest man. When you cross time zones you can become jet-lagged. Lack of sleep can seriously impair your judgement. I sleep like a log for eight hours every night. Drinking caffeine can mask the symptoms. Another of the myths is that he’s a millionaire. Short naps are very effective in restoring energy levels. Do you often have nightmares or recurring dreams? Chernobyl was the worst nuclear accident in history. My alarm clock didn’t go off and I overslept. I ended up owing myself 25-30 hours of sleep. A passer-by saw the girl when he was out walking. I like to sleep with two pillows. You should give sleep a high priority in your life. Do you often have nightmares or recurring dreams? Naps are very effective in restoring our energy levels. Have a regular routine – go to bed at the same time every day. There was a security guard but he didn’t see her. Some people have a siesta after lunch. He was walking past a building site. He spotted the 15-year-old girl lying on the crane. A world summit meeting was discussing the environment. Many things tempt us away from our beds. He carefully wrapped the girl in a safety harness. I can’t stop yawning, I think I’ll go to bed. When you cross a time zone you can become jet-lagged.
The film review was quite accurate. I never read the advertisements in the paper. Thousands of jobs have been axed in the north. The Prime Minister is backing his Chancellor. Jim thinks the news on Channel 5 is really biased. Have you seen the funny cartoon in today’s paper? They couldn’t publish all the details, the report was censored. I’d like to be a sports commentator on TV. komentátor In fact, most restaurant critics have a weight problem. kritik I always do the newspaper crossword when I go to bed. křížovka Editors can cut bits from your review without you editor knowing. novinář na volné noze As a freelance journalist, I can write for who I like. čelní strana
The most important news story goes on the front page.
The stock market has been hit by fears of a new oil crisis. My horoscope says that today will be a lucky day for me. You have to speak very clearly to be a newsreader. I think the Observer is the most objective Sunday paper. The biggest celebrities are pursued by the paparazzi. Connie is the presenter of a children’s TV series. There’s usually a press photographer at Heathrow. Police are hoping to quiz another witness. The United boss says he’ll quit after his team’s defeat. Every reporter wants to get their story on the front page. He wrote a review of my recent play. She was involved in a row over a bill in a restaurant. The report was sensational, they made it sound shocking. I sold my bike through the small ads in the paper. Quentin Tarantino has been tipped to win an award. The weather forecast was good, so we might go out. Look at this: Prince to wed 18-year-old star!
5C More words to learn bound to celebrity debate down side make a living performance shed shoot spectacular spokesman
muset, určitě celebrita debata nevýhoda živit se vystoupení kůlna střílet velkolepý mluvčí
Some balls are bound to go over the wall. The biggest celebrities are pursued by the paparazzi. We’re going to have a debate about reality TV. One of the main down sides is the unpredictability. There are much harder ways to make a living than this. He thought the performance was worth a prize. He locked the equipment inside his shed. ‘Their strikers should learn to shoot better,’ said Vose. I have seen the most spectacular moments in sport. A spokesman blamed the manufacturers.
přijmout obvinit připustit radit omluvit ujistit vinit nárok trenér neustálý přesvědčit popírat zařízení práh vybraný míra drby trvat na trávník pravopisná chyba vyjednávači částečně přemluvit nóbl odmítnout
They have to accept media interest in their lives. Banks was accused of stealing her car. He admitted taking the car without her permission. His lawyer advised him not to say anything. ‘I’ll have to apologize a lot when I see her,’ he said. I can assure you this job isn’t much fun. A spokesman blamed the manufacturers. You should make a claim against them in court. Gary Ford is the coach of the football team. I’m fed up with the constant travelling. The negotiators tried to convince him not to jump. Barker denied being in the bank during the robbery. A siren is a device which makes a loud noise as a signal. A suitcase with his things in it was on the doorstep. I get the chance to eat the most wonderful, exquisite food. To some extent I agree with her. We love to read all the celebrity gossip in the paper. He insisted on driving me home. The kids are playing football on the lawn outside. Local officials have apologized for misspelling the word. The negotiators tried to convince him not to jump. They choose the job partly because it’s dangerous. They persuaded the girl to come down from the roof. Everyone loves a free meal in a posh restaurant. He refused to give back their balls.
Can you remind me to buy some milk when we go out. I can’t do sudoku puzzles, they drive me mad. A football team have threatened to sue a neighbour. Dad suggested going to a restaurant for lunch. It looked as if I’d never noticed this great new talent. They have threatened to sue him. I keep all my garden tools in the shed. It’s a new species, previously unknown to science. One of the main down sides is the unpredictability.
But Vose is unrepentant: ‘They should shoot better.’ The job has very weird hours.
6A More Words to Learn ancient astronaut beforehand global mankind properly punctual quote spacecraft speech
It is the capital of an ancient state of Central Europe. Before becoming an astronaut, he was a sailor. I didn’t say anything beforehand – it was a surprise. A global audience of 500 million people were watching. ‘One small step for a man, one giant leap for mankind.’ Make sure the equipment you need is working properly. Always be punctual: start and finish on time. It was the perfect quote for such a momentous occasion. The spacecraft landed on the Moon on July 20th 1969. In a speech made in 1963 King spoke of his ‘dream’.
More words in 6A abdicate admire aeronautical amusing analysis
vysílat břemeno kosmická kabina občanská práva komiks ústavně
King Edward VIII was the only British king to abdicate. I really admire those scientists who discovered the cure. Armstrong studied aeronautical engineering. The audience didn’t find my jokes amusing. A computer expert used hi-tech sound analysis techniques. He announced his decision to abdicate. Your jokes may not be appropriate. Martin Luther King was assassinated in 1968. I’d seen the auditorium before and it was a nice room. Since 1994 Armstrong has refused to give autographs. In 2005 he was involved in a lawsuit with an ex-barber. The iron curtain described the boundary between East and the West. The word was inaudible when broadcast to the world. I have found it impossible to carry the heavy burden. He stepped from the capsule and spoke to the world. He was a leader of the American civil rights movement. His hobby is collecting comics. It was not constitutionally possible for him to speak.
dekáda smazat snést se zrušit rozptylující rozvedená osoba stejně vybavení zavést vznášet se
After almost four decades, he has been vindicated. I managed to delete the whole presentation. ‘An iron curtain has descended across the continent.’ ‘I have found it impossible to…discharge my duties.’ If something distracting happens, keep concentrating. Edward married an American divorcee, Wallis Simpson. King wanted people to be treated equally. Make sure the equipment you need is working properly. The government sent soldiers in to try to establish order. Astronauts float in space because there is no gravity.
stopa chlápek v půlce lidstvo ideologicky improvizovat neslyšitelný mít v úmyslu soudní řízení skok měsíční památný chvilkový am. státní úřad pro letectví a kosmonautiku námořnictvo poslouchat povinnost velkoryse, nastokrát projektor klidný, s úlevou obnovit průsvitka, diapozitiv kosmická loď sféra procházet se povrch techniky
Neil Armstrong made the first footprint on the moon. ‘Neil is a modest guy but I think it means a lot to him.’ I was halfway through my talk when we had a break. Global warming is a threat to humanity. The ‘iron curtain’ ideologically divided Europe. I had to improvise from what I could remember. He said it so quietly that it was inaudible. I intended it as a surprise so I didn’t say anything. He was involved in a lawsuit – suing his boss. ‘One small step for a man, one giant leap for mankind.’ He made the first human footprint on the lunar surface. They are some of the most memorable words in history. It was the perfect quote for such a momentous occasion. NASA are considering a mission to Mars.
He was a sailor in the US navy. If you don’t obey the law, you risk going to prison. We have an obligation to look after old people. I just apologized profusely for my mistake. The projector was faulty; the screen was too dark. I was relieved that she phoned to say where she was. The army were called in to restore law and order. People complained that they couldn’t see the slides. Apollo 11 was the first spacecraft on the Moon. ‘All these famous cities…are in the Soviet sphere.’ I was strolling along by the river at lunchtime. He made the first footprint on the lunar surface. A computer expert used hi-tech sound analysis techniques. Edward gave up the throne in order to marry a divorcee I started touching keys on my laptop. The spaceman has been vindicated. ‘I have never wanted to withhold anything’
6B Vocabulary Towns and cities beggar bridge cable car cathedral (city / town) centre chapel concert hall cosmopolitan cycle lane district football stadium harbour hill historic homeless people industrial landmarks law courts mosque neighbourhood
žebrák most lanovka katedrála centrum kaplička koncertní sál kosmopolitní cyklistická stezka čtvrť fotbalový stadión
A beggar approached them and asked for money. I had my photo taken on Westminster Bridge. We took the cable car up to the top of the mountain. You must visit the cathedral when you go to Durham. The station is quite near the town centre. Even small villages often have their own chapel. I’m surprised that Oxford hasn’t got a good concert hall. London is a very cosmopolitan city. There’s a cycle lane from here to the town centre. Our offices are in the financial district of London. Arsenal moved to a new football stadium in 2006.
přístav kopec historický bezdomovci průmyslový pamětihodnost soudní dvory mešita sousedství
The Pilgrim Fathers sailed from Plymouth harbour. I always have to get off and push my bike up the hill. Prague is a very historic city with many old buildings. Many homeless people sleep in the streets of London. It’s a very industrial city, there are a lot of factories. My favourite landmark is St Paul’s Cathedral. The Law Courts on the Strand is a magnificent building. They’ve nearly finished building the new mosque. Our neighbourhood is very quiet during the week.
náměstí socha předměstí synagoga stanoviště taxi chrám staré město věž radnice zácpa doprava metro vandalství pulsující
This city is terribly polluted – the air is full of fumes. There is too much pollution, caused by cars. The government are committed to ending child poverty. I think my city is very provincial. This area of the city is quite run down. If I’m short of time, what three sights should I see? They were overwhelmed by the height of the skyscrapers. There are slums areas where the houses are in bad condition. I’ll meet you in the café in the town square. We went to the top of the Statue of Liberty in New York. They live in a house in the suburbs, just outside the city. I just met Miriam on her way to the synagogue. There’s a taxi rank outside the railway station. Our school is used as a temple by the local Sikhs. Did you visit the old town when you went to Stockholm? I didn’t climb to the top of the tower. You can get information from the town hall. Traffic jams are a problem in most major cities. If they improved public transport, I wouldn’t drive. We can get the underground to the city centre. Vandalism is often a problem in some inner-city areas. Buenos Aires is a vibrant city – it’s full of life and energy.
outskirts overcrowding pedestrian street places of worship
vymoženosti mladiství nerad, stydět se svítání konec oceán sdílet prostý západ slunce velká většina
They reject conveniences like electricity and telephones. The vast majority of adolescents are well-behaved. I am ashamed to say I have never been to London. In winter the best place to be at dawn is in bed. I haven’t seen the film yet, don’t tell me the ending. We went down to the ocean to see the waves. I didn’t realise I’d be sharing a house with her. Will they return to the simple life they’ve always lived? Where can you go to watch the sunset in London? The vast majority of adolescents are well-behaved.
ubytování výsledky přistoupit slané pečivo kruhového tvaru žebrák prkna schopný komuna komunita nával tradice
conveniences adolescent ashamed dawn (happy/sad) ending ocean share simple sunset the vast majority
A beggar approached them and asked for money. We painted the boards so they looked nice. People were capable of incredible things. There is a large Italian commune in Buenos Aires. Our school is used as a temple by their community. There’s a lot of traffic congestion, especially at rush hour. Are there any local customs I should be aware of?
parlament chodník vystoupení období příjemně stát v řadě odmítat zůstat obnovit kritik losos krajina parný památky prohlížení památek společnost místo veverka obchod vzrušení tolerovat násilí
I couldn’t see in the darkness, and I twisted my ankle. The best way to see the sights is from a double-decker bus. Is the local tap water drinkable? They love riding on elevators. Many residential squares have enclosed gardens. The programme about the Amish was entertaining. I saw a wonderful exhibit at the National Gallery. There are strict rules in their faith. I have memories of feeding the squirrels in Hyde Park. We were amazed by the cars on the five lane ‘freeways’. Even a trip to a grocery store is an adventure. Is there anywhere where I should haggle before I buy? It is so hidden-away that many people miss it. Can I hire a bicycle? Is it a good city for cycling? Homelessness is a problem in many big cities. I feel humble about the achievements of our own age. For 300 years this community has lived in isolation. The Amish lifestyle is very simple. It’s best not to take too much luggage on a weekend trip. At night you can often hear nightingales singing. The best thing to do outdoors is walk in the parks. The trains are often overcrowded and uncomfortable. The two girls are overwhelmed by the height of the skyscrapers. The Houses of Parliament are in Westminster. We ate dinner at a pavement café. A famous violinist is giving a performance tonight. It’s the period when Amish teenagers explore society. I found it a pleasantly entertaining film. I love queuing on the pavement outside for a bagel. They reject conveniences like electricity. Will they choose to remain ‘Amish in the City’? I’ll need to get my passport renewed soon. The reviewer thinks that the Amish learned a lot. I love salmon and cream cheese bagels. Scotland has some of the most beautiful scenery. On a scorching hot day visit the beach. The best way to see the sights of Edinburgh is by bus. If I’m short of time, what sightseeing should I do? Amish teenagers sometimes explore modern society. The London Eye would be a good spot to see the sights. I have memories of feeding the squirrels in Hyde Park. Even a trip to a grocery store is an adventure. It’s always a thrill to discover a new place. During ‘Rumspringa’ the Amish tolerate bad behaviour. Violence is a problem in some inner-city areas.
6C More Words to Learn bizarre blind (adj) desert (n) genius illusion in search of lens
Newton often did the most bizarre experiments. A ‘blind spot’ is an area which cannot be seen. While driving in the Tanami desert they crashed. Sir Isaac Newton was a genius. This illusion works because of our ‘blind spots’. He made risks in search of the truth. Newton investigated how lenses transmit light.
Some of his ashes were aboard the Lunar Prospector. If something absorbs colours, it appears black. Some of his ashes were sent to the moon. Everything is made up of atoms. Most people thought that it was beneficial. A biologist studies living things, like animals and plants. I was very bad at biology at school. If blue-eyed parents have children, they too have blue eyes. Pierre Curie was run over by a carriage. All living things have cells. He had sampled a large number of toxic chemicals. Chemist Karl Scheele was the first person to manufacture phosphorus. He in fact discovered chlorine. People can volunteer to be guinea pigs in clinical trials. Eugene Shoemaker did research into comets. He spent a large part of his life investigating craters. He had probably drunk cyanide. Lie down in a darkened room for a while. Nobody realized what a deadly substance it was. Isaac Newton developed the notion of gravity. There are two odd digits in the number 39. Archimedes calculated how much water it displaced. Scheele discovered eight more elements. Steven Hutchinson is a freelance journalist. A geneticist studies the genes that control what a person is. A geneticist studies the genes that control what a person is. A woman dressed as a gorilla walked past. Shoemaker was granted a special honour after his death. People can volunteer to be guinea pigs in clinical trials. Shoemaker was granted a special honour after his death. Both insects and spiders are invertebrates. Marie Curie’s laboratory books are kept in lead boxes. Marie Curie died of leukaemia in 1934. Mercury is used in thermometers. Miraculously, no long-lasting damage was done. Isaac Newton developed the notion of gravity. Do ostriches really put their head in the sand? When we breathe out, how much of that air is oxygen? Pharmaceutical companies try to develop new drugs. Scheele helped us to manufacture phosphorus. Isaac Newton was a famous physicist. Physics is the study of natural forces. You have to wear protective clothing. Marie Curie experienced radiation sickness. In the 1920s some hotels offered ‘radioactive waters’. His ashes were scattered on the moon. I had to give a talk to some students at the science department.
What do you think is the most important scientific discovery of recent years? Newton was a seventeenth century scientist. vědec Marie Curie experienced radiation sickness. nemoc A rainbow is all the colours of the spectrum. škála A ‘blind spot’ is a small area which can’t be seen. místo Post-it notes stick to things, but not too much. přilepit (se) A chemist studies the structure of substances. struktura He was surrounded by a large number of chemicals. obklopit Isaac Newton’s experiments proved his theory. teorie They advertised ‘the therapeutic effect’ of the waters. léčebný Throughout history, scientists have taken risks. po celou dobu Newton investigated how lenses transmit light. přenášet Harry Houdini made an elephant vanish. zmizet He stared at the sun, which affected his vision. zrak dobrovolně se přihlásit People can volunteer to be guinea pigs in clinical trials. She gave me a voucher to buy another book. kupón His book is full of tips – it’s really worth reading. stát za to
challenge drive (someone) mad gentle gets on my nerves
výzva šílet z čeho laskavý lézt na nervy nádherný hodně rozhodnout se
I wish I had always said yes to challenges. It drives me mad when people wear sunglasses indoors. I wish I had been more gentle with people. It really gets on my nerves when people shout on mobiles. Bardot was gorgeous when she was younger. I was starring on TV and making loads of money. I can’t make up my mind what to wear.
nákupní vozík plýtvání vtipný
My supermarket trolley had a broken wheel. He throws so much food out – what a waste! I used to think I had to be intelligent and witty.
výhoda dovolit si vážit si učení holý spálit se odvaha potěšen příjemný skličovat sklíčený vydělávat rozpačitý trapný vybavení esej vyčerpávající rozhazovačný nesmírně sláva být kým přitahován chyba rozčílený
We took advantage of the extra hours of daylight. He wants to buy a car, but he can’t afford it. I looked great but I didn’t appreciate it – what a waste! After his apprenticeship he’ll become an engineer. I just did the bare minimum – I read what I had to. I stayed under the sun lamp for too long and I got burnt. I regret not having had the courage to chat him up. I was delighted to meet her, she was a delightful person. I was delighted to meet her, she was a delightful person. I’ve been feeling a bit depressed lately. I find these grey days so depressing. I was earning a good salary at the bank. I felt embarrassed, and used to hide my face. I made an embarrassing mistake at work today. The dentist needed lots of equipment. I left all my essays until the last minute. What an exhausting day! I need to relax. John is so extravagant; he never saves money. We were extremely impressed by your CV. It’s possible to enjoy the good things about fame. I really fancied him – he was very good looking. Well, it’s not my fault. You’ve got no self control! I get very frustrated when I speak French badly.
More Words in 7A advantage afford appreciate apprenticeship bare burnt courage delighted delightful depressed depressing earning embarrassed embarrassing equipment essay exhausting extravagant extremely fame fancy fault frustrate
zaujatý čím působivý uvnitř nejistota přednáška mylně odhadnout uražený urážlivý bledý chodník libra pořádně bát se strašidelný příliš krátký hrát hlavní roli hrající hlavní roli opálení vyděsit vzrušující únavný jednat neuvěřitelný jedinečný
7B Vocabulary Bank advertisement (or advert; ad) branch business chain client cold calling colleague commercial company customer do a deal (= business agreement) do business (with) employee employer expand export (v) firm (n) head of department
There’s a branch of that supermarket in town. It started as a small family business. They sell to a well-known supermarket chain. Most of out clients are independent clothes shops. I don’t think cold calling is a good way to advertise. I really enjoy working with my colleagues. I always switch off when the commercials come on. Within a few years, Feldman was delivering to 140 companies. We export to customers all over the world. We did a deal with a supplier in Hong Kong.
obchodovat zaměstnanec zaměstnavatel rozšiřovat vyvážet firma šéf oddělení
We do business with many Asian companies. When employees heard the news they were angry. An employer employs other people. Our company is expanding into new markets. We export to customers all over the world. I work for a well-known firm of accountants. He’s the head of department in Purchasing.
centrála dovážet letáky uvést na trh
The records are held in our head office in London. Most of our materials are imported from the far east. I throw all my junk mail straight into the bin. We’re launching the new designs next year.
My professional life could have been more fulfilling. There’s no bath gel left, we need to buy some more. Put your hazard lights on if you are parking here. Paula talks about her ignorance of the best way to treat people. We were extremely impressed by your CV. Your CV was extremely impressive. Why are you wearing sunglasses indoors? Paula talks about her insecurity about her appearance. I only went to the compulsory lectures. She often misjudged other people. I was really offended by what you said. What you said was really offensive. I was a bit pale so I decided to go to a suntan studio. It drives me mad when cyclists ride on the pavement. I wish I had a pound for every time I’ve done that. I wish I had learned how to listen to people properly. I was scared during the film. The film was very scary. The top and skirt I wore were really skimpy. Paula Wilcox starred on TV when she was 19. When I was 19 I was starring in a popular series. I wanted to get a nice tan really quickly. We were terrified when the plane lost height. It was a thrilling match, England won 3-2. The journey had been very tiring. You should treat other people with respect. The end of the film was totally unbelievable. I had a unique opportunity to read lots of novels.
logo make a decision make a loss make a profit make money make (somebody) redundant (= sack somebody because he/she isn’t needed any more) manager manufacture market (v) market leader market research MD (= managing director) merge (with another company) multinational owner set up (a company) slogan staff take over (another company)
logo rozhodnout být ztrátový mít zisk vydělat peníze propustit
Everyone knows the McDonald’s logo. We need to make a decision about this soon. We made a loss in the first year, but we’re doing OK. We should be making a profit by next year. You’ll never make money unless you work hard. James has just been made redundant.
ředitel vyrábět prodávat ovládající trh průzkum trhu podnikový ředitel
I’ll ask my manager if I can have Friday off work. The Mini car is manufactured in Oxford. The product is marketed by Phizer. They’re the market leaders in women’s clothing. We did a lot of market research before starting up. The MD wants to discuss sales at the team meeting.
We’ve decided to merge our business with a rival’s.
It’s a big multinational, with offices in six countries. I’m not the owner of the business, I’m just the manager. We set up the business in 2006. We need to think of a good advertising slogan. They employ 450 staff at their Madrid branch. They’ve been taken over by a German company.
analyzovat k dostání slané pečivo kruhového tvaru značka, druh nechat se napálit chlápek zbytky nedostatkový předplatit cvičení
He took a job in Washington, analysing expenditure. After the sale, there won’t be any more available. Bagels are a traditional Jewish bread.
This lemonade tastes better than any other brand. Don’t be fooled – even if everybody is doing it. He’s the guy who brings in the beers each week. He would return after lunch to pick up the leftovers. But no manufactured products are ever scarce. Get a free camera when you subscribe to our magazine. These produce the same effect as a two-hour workout.
More words in 7B abbreviation administrative affect agricultural
analytik přisuzovat autorita zasypávat brožura kampaň okolnosti údaje doručit poptávka
You can also use the abbreviation ‘ad’ for advert. Our secretary is an administrative employee. Your mood affects how honest you are. As an agricultural economist, he wanted to tackle world hunger. Feldman enjoyed his work as a research analyst. He attributed the underpayment to oversight, not fraud. The bigger the authority, the more powerful the message. That company will bombard you with direct advertising. They sent me a free brochure with lots of offers. In spite of a huge campaign, sales haven’t improved. In what circumstances did people tend to steal more? So what does the bagel data tell us? Feldman was delivering 8,400 bagels a week. The demand for organic produce has grown enormously.
předvést nečestné stahovat tucet náklad, vydání zapojený řídící existovat výdaje faktor, prvek napodobenina zaručeno formovaný posilovnou hlad přísada ústav investice leták měřit, určit zázrak svaly námořnictvo sousedící specialista na výživu přehlédnutí pence pirátský vychvalování vyskakovací okna část vrátit peníze peníze nazpátek ohlas růst výpověď, padák výše postavený zoubkovaný sponzorství zásady zásoby dodávka vypořádat se Díkůvzdání nedostatečný plat neúmyslně velký zbraně během, v rámci
Can you demonstrate what the robot can do? Downloading music without paying is dishonest. Downloading music without paying is dishonest. Eventually he was bringing in 15 dozen bagels a week. They said it was a limited edition DVD. He earned good money, but he wasn’t fully engaged. The executive floor is at the top of the building. Do the authorities mentioned really exist? He took a job analysing expenditures. The weather is a really important factor. He said it was real, but it’s a fake. It is guaranteed to work within two months. The person in the advert is a gym-toned model! There was a campaign to tackle world hunger. Its special secret ingredient gets to work immediately. His research institute was closed in the ’90s. It is the best investment I have ever made. I picked up a leaflet about mobile phones in the store. By measuring income, he was able to assess honesty. It’s a miracle cure for people like me. Simon has muscles to die for! He took a job with the US Navy. People from neighbouring areas visit our market. They are recommended by dog nutritionists. He attributed the underpayment to oversight, not fraud. They reduced tax by a penny in the pound. Have you ever bought a pirate DVD? He solicited customers with a simple pitch. Website pop-ups drive me mad. The proportion of people who paid was very high. Can you refund me the cost of my ticket? Sorry, we don’t give refunds, but you can exchange it. We had a good response to our advertising campaign. There has been a rise in people using public transport. John’s just got the sack, they’re closing his branch down. He held senior-level jobs and earned good money. Use a serrated knife to cut the loaf. Our team have a sponsorship deal with a local company. The Advertising Standards Council checks accuracy. Limited stocks – offer closes on March 31st! Only £500 for a three months’ supply. He wanted to tackle the problem immediately. Christmas and Thanksgiving are traditional holidays. He attributed the underpayment to oversight, not fraud. He unintentionally designed an economic experiment. Some people do steal, but the vast majority are honest. He took a job in analysing weapons. Within a few years, Feldman was delivering 8,400 bagels.
7C More Words to Learn cab capture cloak flee genuine leave a tip on the spot
taxi zajetí plášť prchat pravý nechat spropitné na místě
We can take a cab to the station. He avoided capture by throwing off his capes. The stranger was wearing a long black cloak. The refugees were fleeing a military dictatorship. Is this a genuine Van Gogh? Don’t forget to leave a tip when you pay the bill. The clerk broke the tile on the spot.
It’s better not to use slang when you’re in class. The clerk broke the tile on the spot.
Some people think that ‘tip’ is an acronym. Her brother’s a drug addict. I was very good at algebra at school. Come with us, don’t be antisocial! She applied for a job with a company in London. He’s writing his autobiography, and he’s only 21! I’ve got Madonna’s autograph. We publish a biannual report. Jane is bilingual, she speaks French and Dutch. The first carriages bounced up and down a lot. The ancient Romans wore long capes. The first carriages bounced up and down a lot. The clerk broke the tile on the spot. Genoa was the first city to make denim cloth. Colonists in New England mixed tomatoes into the sauce. These tiles were imprinted with the owner’s credit limit. These men were extremely desirable marriage partners. The man then exclaimed, ‘These fruit are poisonous’. I get on quite well with my ex-husband. She’s a former dancer, she used to be very good. Tennis has gained popularity in England. There were goats on the hillside. The walls are covered in graffiti. Muesli is a mixture of grains, nuts and dried fruits. There was a lot of snow on the hillside. Two young hooligans vandalised my car. I like Monet best of all the Impressionists. He stared at her intensely as she crossed the room. The sauce became known as ‘tomato ketchup’. Dan’s not my type, he’s a bit too macho for me. ‘Husband’ originally had nothing to do with marital status. Could you tell me your marital status? The police found microscopic particles of glass. Are there any English words you mispronounce? ‘Accommodation’ is a word which people often misspell.
More Words in 7C acronym addict algebra antisocial apply autobiography autograph biannual bilingual bounce cape carriage clerk cloth colonists credit desirable exclaim ex-husband former gain goat graffiti grain hillside hooligan impressionist intensely ketchup macho marital
stav mikroskopický špatně vyslovit udělat pravopisnou chybu směs jednoslabičné slovo müsli provádět více činností najednou novorozenec vzniknout přeceněný přepracovaný umístěný
porcelain postgraduate post-Renaissance
Muesli is a mixture of grains, nuts and dried fruits. Her new boyfriend only speaks in monosyllables. Muesli is a mixture of grains, nuts and dried fruits. Women are better at multitasking than men.
The newborn child cried out loudly. No one is sure where this word originated. Are there any professions which you think are overpaid? I think I’m overworked and underpaid. The word ‘genuine’ originally meant ‘placed on the knees’. Post-Renaissance banks issued small, porcelain tiles. porcelán /"pO;[email protected]/ /%[email protected]"[email protected]/ postgraduální student Mark is a postgraduate student at Dundee University. He’s a famous post-Renaissance artist. /%[email protected]"neIsns/ postrenesanční
Try not to have any preconceived ideas. How often do you buy pre-cooked meals? One way of making new words is by adding a prefix. People often pay extra to ensure promptness of delivery. They renamed the sauce ‘ketchup’. He was given a bonus to reward him for his performance. Let’s rewind the tape and listen again. United have reached the semi-final of the Cup. This was the Latin name for a slave. The sauce was made from fish and spices. Do you prefer watching films with subtitles? A suffix at the end of a word changes the grammar. The word was slang meaning to pass on a sum of money. You look very tanned after your holiday! This tree was full of beautiful, tempting oranges. This town used to be terrorized by gangs. I think I’m overworked and underpaid. The word was underworld slang. Old Norse was the language spoken by the Vikings.
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