1 UEP 251: Economics for Planning and Policy Analysis Spring 2015 Instructors Mary Davis Urban and Environmental Policy and Planning Office location: ...
Economics 102 – Introductory Microeconomic Analysis and Policy Spring 2018 David Latzko office: 221 Grumbacher IST Center voice: (717) 771-4115 e-mail: [email protected] web: www.personal.psu.edu/~dxl31 office hours: Monday, Wednesday, and Friday 8:15-9:00, Wednesday 5:00-6:00, and by appointment
UNIVERSITY COURSE DESCRIPTION: Methods of economic analysis and their use; price determination; theory of the firm; distribution. ECON 102 Introductory Microeconomic Analysis and Policy (3)(GS)(BA). This course meets the Bachelor of Arts degree requirements. Economics is the study of how people satisfy their wants in the face of limited resources. One way to think about economics is that it is a consistent set of methods and tools that is valuable in analyzing certain types of problems related to decision--making, resource allocation, and the production and distribution of goods and services. There are two main branches of economics, microeconomics, and macroeconomics. Macroeconomics is concerned with economy--wide factors such as inflation, unemployment, and overall economic growth. Microeconomics deals with the behavior of individual households and firms and how government influences that behavior; it is the subject of this course. More specifically, ECON 102 is an introduction to microeconomic analysis and policy. The principal objective of the course is to enable students to analyze major microeconomic issues clearly and critically. Students will be introduced to the methods and tools of economic analysis, and these analytical tools will be applied to questions of current policy interest. Learning these methods and tools and applying them to interesting policy questions and issues is sometimes called “thinking like an economist.” An important goal of this course is to take each student as far down the road of “thinking like an economist” as possible. A variety of mechanisms are used to assess student performance. These evaluation methods typically include exams, quizzes, homework assignments, and group projects. ECON 102 is an introductory course in economics and as such, serves as a prerequisite for several microeconomics--oriented 300--level courses. It is also a required course for all majors and minors in economics, and meets requirements for a General Education (GS) or Bachelor of Arts social science course.
COURSE OVERVIEW: Economics 102 is the microeconomics half of a two-semester introductory course on the principles of economics. Economics 104 addresses macroeconomics. I will assume that this is your first course in economics. We will examine the behavior of individual economic entities: the individual consumer, the individual firm, and the individual worker. Microeconomics considers how individuals and firms make decisions about how to use the resources they control and how the interactions of individuals and firms affect the overall allocation of society’s resources. Central themes include how and why markets work to allocate resources, why they may fail to work, and the implications for social
policies of both their successes and failures. This course seeks to introduce you to the ways in which economists view the world and to teach you to utilize these ways of thinking when you approach economic problems and questions.
COURSE LEARNING OBJECTIVES: By the end of this course, students should be able to: Understand consumer behavior. Understand firm behavior. Analyze different types of market structures (monopoly, oligopoly and competitive markets). Describe the circumstances under which the market outcome is not efficient. Understand what circumstances determine the prices of productive inputs. Understand how to apply economic principles to a range of policy questions. Students should also have the skills needed to: Use supply and demand diagrams to analyze the impact of overall changes in supply and demand on price and quantity. Solve a consumer's utility maximization problem mathematically and graphically. Understand the consumer's labor supply decision. Solve a firm's profit maximization problem mathematically and graphically. Analyze the behavior of firms in a perfectly competitive market in the short-run and the long-run. Analyze the behavior of firms in a monopoly and monopolistic competition. Devise policies to correct for market failures. Demonstrate how economic analysis can be applied to a variety of personal, societal, and international issues. Solve for absolute and comparative advantage. Explain why both consumers and producers gain from exchange.
RECOMMENDED TEXTBOOK: OpenStax College, Principles of Microeconomics, 2e. OpenStax College. 15 September 2017. (ISBN 1947172-34-4) The book is available in a variety of free online formats via the website listed below. https://openstax.org/details/books/principles-microeconomics-2e This textbook can be downloaded for free as a pdf. Printed copies are also available for purchase. You can use the book in whichever format(s) you want; I recommend that you download the entire pdf so that you always have access to your book.
EVALUATION/GRADING: First Hourly Exam Second Hourly Exam Third Hourly Exam
PROVISIONS FOR POSSIBLE SYLLABUS ADDENDA OR REVISIONS: There may be changes in the assignments and dates. Students are responsible for learning of any changes in the syllabus that are announced in class.
COURSE POLICIES: Students are expected to take full responsibility for his/her academic work and academic progress. Students are expected to attend class regularly, for consistent attendance offers the most effective opportunity open to all students to gain developing command of the concepts and materials of the course. A study (Romer, JEP, Summer 1993) found that the difference in performance for a student who attends regularly and one who attends sporadically is about a full letter grade. However, attendance in class, in and of itself, is not a criterion for evaluation of the student's degree of success or failure. Furthermore, absences do not alter what is expected of the student qualitatively and quantitatively. Absences will not be used in the computation of grades. Late assignments will not be accepted. Make-up exams and quizzes will not be given. Students missing an exam will be required to complete a 15-page paper on a topic chosen by the instructor in lieu of a make-up for the missed exam. Students who focus on the business of the class increase their likelihood of success. They can do so by listening attentively to the instructor or to other students while participating in discussions. They can take notes that will help them to review the material. During class, they can participate as fully as possible and volunteer to answer questions. Failing to focus decreases the likelihood of success. During this class, it is inappropriate to study for other classes or to read letters or magazines or newspapers. Eating or drinking in class is also distracting. Students should minimize all behaviors that distract others during the class. Talking to other students apart from class discussions is inappropriate. Students who carry a cell phone should mute it during class time. Students who arrive late should seat themselves as quietly and as near to the door as they can. Students who must leave before the class period ends should exit quietly. Deferred grades are not normally offered. The course material is designed to be completed within the semester time frame.
According to the University Faculty Senate Policy 49-20, “Academic integrity is the pursuit of scholarly activity in an open, honest and responsible manner. Academic integrity is a basic guiding principle for all academic activity at The Pennsylvania State University, and all members of the University community are expected to act in accordance with this principle. Academic integrity includes a commitment not to engage in or tolerate acts of falsification, misrepresentation or deception. Such acts of dishonesty violate the fundamental ethical principles of the University community and compromise the worth of work completed by others.” Academic dishonesty will result in an F for the course and the implementation of the Faculty Senate’s Academic Policy Integrity Procedure. Class participation is highly encouraged. Participation implies more than mere presence in the classroom. It is an active, meaningful, thoughtful, and relevant contribution to discussion and other activities. Students are expected to contribute significantly to discussion voluntarily or when called upon. Penn State is committed to providing access to a quality education for all students, including those with documented disabilities. If a student has a disability and wishes an accommodation for a course, it is the student's responsibility to obtain a University letter confirming the disability and suggesting appropriate accommodation. This letter can be requested from the York campus Disability Contact Liaison located at the Nittany Success Center. Veterans and currently serving military personnel and/or dependents with unique circumstances (for example, upcoming deployments, drill/duty requirements, VA appointments, etc.) are welcome and encouraged to communicate these, in advance if possible, to the instructor in the case that special arrangements need to be made. In the event of a campus closure, course requirements, classes, deadlines and grading schemes are subject to changes that may include alternative delivery methods, alternative methods of interaction with the instructor, class materials, and/or classmates, a revised attendance policy, and a revised semester calendar and/or grading scheme. Information about course changes will be communicated through email and in writing. For notification about campus closures, please refer to Penn State York’s website at http://www.yk.psu.edu, call the weather hotline at 717-771-4079, or sign up for live text messages at PSUTXT (http://live.psu.edu/psutxt). This is a service designed to alert the Penn State community via text messages to cell phones when situations arise on campus that affect the ability of the campus students, faculty and staff - to function normally. Consistent with University Policy AD29, students who believe they have experienced or observed a hate crime, an act of intolerance, discrimination, or harassment that occurs at Penn State are urged to report these incidents as outlined on the University’s Report Bias webpage (http://equity.psu.edu/reportbias/) Academic support services for this course are available at the Nittany Success Center including study groups, 1:1 tutoring, study skills instruction, and computer support. Students may face a variety of concerns over the course of their time at Penn State York depressed mood, anxiety, stress, family concerns, body image, substance use, sexuality, and many others that may interfere with their ability to focus on their studies. Counseling Services provides free mental health and social support for all currently enrolled students. Staff follow strict legal and ethical guidelines concerning the confidentiality of counseling. Counseling Services is located in the Ruhl Building in the
Student Affairs suite, and can reached by phone at 717-771-4088. You can find more information at the Counseling Services webpage, http://york.psu.edu/student-life/services/personal-counseling. Course materials including lecture notes and announcements are posted on my website at http://www.personal.psu.edu/~dxl31/econ2/econ2home.html and on the Canvas page associated with this course.
COURSE REQUIREMENTS: Four hourly examinations and a final examination will be administered during the semester. The final exam is cumulative while the hourly exams include only the material covered since the previous exam. The dates of the hourly exams are listed below. The final exam will take place during the scheduled final exam period as listed in the schedule published later in the semester. Quizzes will be administered periodically over the semester. These quizzes may be announced or unannounced in advance. A student’s five highest quiz scores will be used in the computation of the quiz component of his or her course grade. Exams and quizzes may consist of any or all of the following types of questions: multiple choice, true/false, essay, short answer, fill in the blanks, matching, mathematical problems, and graphing The concept of doing extra work for extra credit does not exist within this course. The final grade is based on stated assignments and requirements. Please recognize that your tuition dollars earn you the right to participate in this course. It is your demonstrated attainment of course concepts and content that earn you a final grade. The use of (a) smartphones, (b) cellphones, (c) all devices with internet access and/or (d) other devices such as feature and dumb phones, are not allowed during the exams, quizzes, and other in-class assignments. Finally, please feel free to come see me to ask questions or to discuss difficult material. The course material is all cumulative. If you do not understand what happens in the first week, you will not understand what happens in the last week. If my office hours are not convenient, you may set up an appointment for an alternative time.
January 8, 10, 12, 17
Introduction to Economics
January 19, 22, 24, 26, 29 January 31 & February 2