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Curriculum vitae INGRID BRIGITTE MANN URL for web site: http://www.physics.umu.se/om-institutionen/personal/ingrid-mann •
1980 1987 1990 1997
Abitur (General University Entrance Diploma) Freiherr-vom-Stein Gymnasium, Bochum, Germany Diploma (Dipl. Phys.) Physics and Astronomy Department, Ruhr - University, Bochum, Germany PhD (Dr. rer.nat.) Physics and Astronomy Department, Ruhr - University, Bochum, Germany Habilitation (Dr. rer. nat. habil.) in Space Physics Faculty of Natural Sciences, Braunschweig University, Germany
In my doctoral research I developed a model of the solar F-corona, the brightness around the Sun that is produced by cosmic dust between Earth and the Sun. My research results entered the analysis of solar eclipse observations and were relevant for observations with the ESA mission SOHO. The results and follow-up work were used during planning of NASA mission Solar Probe. The main results of the monographic dissertation were later published in an article (I. Mann A&A 261, 1992) that was until now cited 49 times. My thesis advisers were Professor Richard Giese (Ruhr-University, Bochum) and Professor Hugo Fechtig (Max-Planck Institute for Nuclear Physics, Heidelberg). •
2011 – 2011 –
Professor, adjunct (10%) since 2013, Guest Professor in 2011 and 2012 Department of Physics, Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden Head of Projects EISCAT Scientific Association, Kiruna, Sweden
2009 – 2011
Senior Researcher Belgium Institute for Space Aeronomy, Brussels, Belgium 2008 – 2011 Senior Visiting Scientist School of Science & Engineering, Kinki University, Osaka, Japan 2006 – 2009 Professor Faculty of Science and Graduate School of Sciences, Kobe University, Japan 2000 – 2006 Senior Research Scientist (and Apl. Professor since 2002) Institute for Planetology, Münster University, Münster, Germany 1991 – 2000 Senior Research Scientist Max-Planck-Institute for Aeronomy, Katlenburg-Lindau, Germany Additional appointments 2000 - 2002 Senior Research Fellow, ESA Space Science Department, The Netherlands (18 months) 1998 - 2000 Visiting Associate, Earth & Planet. Sciences Division, Caltech, Pasadena, USA (18 months) VISION:
My vision as a scientist is to conduct, inspire and support high-quality inventive research and develop a respectful multicultural working environment in science. 1
Starting from experimental atomic spectroscopy my research interests developed toward space and astrophysics and in particular the physics of the heliosphere, cosmic dust and dusty plasmas, physical processes in the interstellar medium, the interplanetary medium and circum-stellar systems; I also carried out research related to the evolution of small bodies, meteors, meteoroids and dust in the solar system and in extra-solar planetary systems. Motivated by new discoveries I got interested in cosmic nanodust and its dusty plasma phenomena. Through studies of the light scattering at irregular particles and through the meteor phenomena I became interested in atmospheric physics and during my recent work for a new ionospheric radar I became interested in the complex interactions of the polar atmosphere at all altitudes. •
Staying involved in research is essential for performing my present tasks within an international research infrastructure. I am currently engaged in radar observations: of Polar Mesospheric Summer Echoes and Polar Mesospheric Winter Echoes; in model calculation projects: related to nanodust interactions in the interplanetary medium and in the ionosphere, related to the current system of the aurora and related to the interactions of nanodust and ions within the coma of a comet; and in data analysis projects: to study hypervelocity dust impacts on spacecraft near Earth and to study plasma flows and magnetic fields in Earth's magnetotail. •
My scientific achievements are demonstrated by numerous invitations to scientific conferences, invitations to prepare review articles, to serve on review panels and conference panels. I served on ESA and NASA panels where I am considered expert on cosmic dust and dust plasma interactions. An interdisciplinary project that I led resulted among others in a new dust model for the local interstellar medium. I did together with my group considerable simulation work on the light scattering at small irregular particles, which resulted in models to describe cometary dust and the local interstellar medium dust. In a different work on dust influencing the solar wind I offered for the first time a consistent scenario on how dust generates low-energy heavy ions in the solar wind and applied this to β Pictoris, one of the best observed extra-solar planetary system. With dust dynamics studies I could show the importance of dust ejection by radiation pressure and electromagnetic forces for the planetary system dust cloud and for circum-stellar planetary systems. My prediction of dust acceleration in the solar wind led to the discovery of nanodust in the interplanetary dust cloud. •
FELLOWSHIPS AND AWARDS
2003 – 2004
Guest lecturer and researcher funded by the Swedish Foundation for International Cooperation in Research and Higher Education (STINT) at the Department of Space Physics, Umeå University and Swedish Institute of Space Physics, Kiruna, Sweden.
2010 – 2012
Invited Professor (1ere classe) at University Paris 6 and Paris 7 and Invited Astronomer at the Observatoire de Paris, Meudon, France.
2011 – 2014
Alexander von Humboldt Honorary Research Fellowship awarded by the Polish Academy of Sciences for research stays at the Space Research Centre, Warsaw, Poland.
My professional activities within the research community are briefly summarized below. Reviewing for the following international journals: Advances in Space Research, Astrophysical Journal; Astronomy and Astrophysics; Journal of Atmospheric and Solar Terrestrial Physics, Journal of Geophysical Research; Journal of Quantum Spectroscopy and Radiation Transfer; Earth, Moon and Planets; Earth, Planets and 2
Space; Icarus; Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Planetary and Space Science, Space Science Reviews; Science. Guest editor for special issues of Earth, Moon and Planets; Earth, Planets and Space; Advances in Geosciences; Lecture Notes in Physics. Participation in expert panels and reviewing for: German Space Agency, DLR and Alexander von Humboldt Foundation in Germany, for ESA, for NASA and NSF in the USA, and for institutions in Canada, China, Finland, Japan, and The Netherlands. Committee member for planning of future space missions for ESA and NASA, design studies for space experiments and feasibility studies for future space astronomy. Co-Investigator for experiments on space missions. Organizing local workshops, service on program committees for international conferences. Service in university and other institutional committees. Member of German Physical Society (DPG), German Astronomical Society (AG), American Geophysical Union (AGU) and International Astronomical Union (IAU). President (2003-2006) IAU commission 22 “Meteors and Interplanetary Dust”, President (2012-2015) IAU commission 49 “Interplanetary Plasma and Heliosphere”, actively participating in developing the new IAU commission structure. •
President Commission C.E3 “Solar Impact throughout Heliosphere” Int’l Astronomical Union Member of Review Panel in Space Science and Astronomy, Academy of Finland Member of Review Panel on Open use of the Subaru Telescope, Japan Member of IAU Working Group on the Definition of Planet Member of the faculty committee to adjust PhD studies to the Bologna process, Geoscience Department, University of Muenster, Germany Member of the internal steering board, Max-Planck-Institute for Aeronomy
MAJOR SCIENTIFIC COLLABORATION
As documented in my publications, I have throughout my career so far successfully worked together with scientists in different countries and initiated and led scientific working groups on different topics. My major collaborations outside of Sweden at present are with the Space Research Centre of the Polish Academy of Sciences in Warsaw, with Paris Observatory in Meudon and with the Belgium Institute for Space Aeronomy in Brussels. •
Some experience with field campaigns I gained during a 10-day campaign to observe a solar eclipse in 1994 from a location at 3500 m altitude close to the village of Putre in Northern Chile. During my stay at Rhodes College I initiated and later organized the first observation of the infrared corona from an open flying aircraft during the 1998 solar eclipse. We used a Hercules C130 aircraft with open top hatch to observe the Sun from flight altitudes below roughly 6 km. From my home institution I provided the support structures and pointing mechanisms specifically designed for installation on the aircraft to carry standard optical instruments provided by an US observatory. This campaign was led 1998 in Panama and prepared during test flights in Colorado, USA. Through my work at EISCAT I am also familiar with living and working conditions in the Arctic. •
Related to the Ulysses space mission I built up a group of students and research fellows to study the distribution and dynamics of cosmic dust in the solar system, I also participated in the institute planning to propose new space missions and in planning experiments for Rosetta. At the Jet Propulsion Laboratory, I worked on data from the white-light coronagraph LASCO on SOHO. I also participated in NASA workshops concerned with plans for a “Terrestrial Planet Finder” mission and an “Interstellar Probe” mission. During my stay at Caltech I worked as Instrument Scientist for the comet surface probe of the French/US mission Champollion; this lander designed to fly with Rosetta was cancelled. Also at Caltech I participated in building a laboratory test facility for the dust
instrument on board Cassini. At Muenster University I initiated an interdisciplinary project funded by the German Aerospace Centre to study cosmic dust composition and properties in preparation for the Rosetta data analysis. As expert for cosmic dust studies I participated in planning of the NASA Solar Probe Plus mission and the ESA Solar Orbiter mission. Related to operating the future atmospheric radar EISCAT_3D I also got familiar with ESAs Space Situational Awareness Programme. •
Since I developed a model of the solar F-corona for my PhD thesis I have been involved in a number of different model calculation projects including e.g. line of sight integration, orbital dynamics and collisional fragmentation in dust systems, as well as light scattering and plasma simulations. In addition to classical Mie theory to describe light scattering at objects of well-defined shape, usually spheres, we conducted calculations to simulate light scattering at irregular dust described as fractal aggregates using light scattering properties of aggregates described e.g. with discrete-dipole approximation and effective medium theory. For studying the aurora we apply kinetic models and to study the dusty plasma and nanodust near comets we apply hybrid magneto-hydrodynamic and single particle codes using high-performance computing. In my current position I also deal with the einfrastructure aspects of phased array radar observations, as well as in general those of scientific computing, data archiving and data access for research infrastructures. •
PARTICIPATION IN INTERNATIONAL PROJECTS
As Head of Projects at EISCAT Scientific Association I am working for the preparation of EISCAT_3D, a project that addresses the overall research theme of how Earth atmosphere is coupled to space. The EISCAT_3D instrument will consist of advanced phased array radar instruments located on the Scandinavian Peninsula north of the Arctic Circle. EISCAT_3D is a project on the roadmap of the European Strategy Forum on Research Infrastructures (ESFRI) with an anticipated total investment budget of 135 M€. EISCAT Scientific Association is an international research organisation that is funded and operated by research councils and funding organisations in Norway, Sweden, Finland, Japan, China, and the United Kingdom to provide access to radar, and other, highlatitude facilities of the highest technical standard for non-military scientific purposes. I also recently participated in the acquisition of a 14.7 M€ grant from EU for a Cluster project of research infrastructures as one out of six theme leaders within the project and serve on its executive board (ENVRI_plus). To prepare for EISCAT_3D I am also involved in e-science and e-infrastructure projects funded by the European Commission. •
ACQUISITION OF FUNDING
My research activities so far have been to a large extent based on external funding. The group that I built up at the Max-Planck-Institute was mainly financed through external funding (BMFT) acquired in Germany. For a 1998 solar eclipse campaign I played an essential role for receiving funding from the US National Science Foundation (NSF) and the US National Centre of Atmospheric Research (NCAR). While working at Caltech I gained experience in NASA project work. At Münster University I have acquired a contract with ESA and contracts with the German Space agency (BMBF). I was also the local contact when initiating Europlanet, a network funded by the EU. I received funding from the Japanese Society of the Promotion of Science (JSPS) from 2007 to 2009. The International Space Science Institute (ISSI) in Bern financed meetings of international working groups that I initiated. I currently participate in different projects funded by the European Commission, the Swedish National Infrastructure for Scientific Computing and the Swedish National Space Board. •
TEACHING AND SUPERVISION OF STUDENTS AND POSTDOCTORAL FELLOWS
My teaching includes courses in basic physics, astrophysics, space physics, planetary science and recently atmospheric/arctic physics for students of different levels of education and different nationalities. At present, I supervise students during internships at EISCAT, supervise a Master Thesis project and co-supervise a PhD student project; I am involved in projects with students and postdoctoral scholars and with mentoring at Umeå University and regularly serve as a member on dissertation committees. I previously supervised students and
young researchers from different countries and at different career levels including a researcher funded by Alexander von Humboldt Foundation within the young researcher program. My former students and postdocs are now in research and senior positions at: Meteorological Research Institute, Tsukuba; Centre of Planetary Science, Kobe University, Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology, Yokohama in Japan; Friedrich Schiller University, Jena; the Max Planck Institute for Solar System Research, Göttingen in Germany; Institut d'Astrophysique Spatiale, Paris in France, and with private companies. •
I have published 3 theses, 4 edited books, 10 book chapters and more than 140 articles in scientific journals, including more than 100 with official peer-review (>2800 citations, h-index 29, listed in SAO/NASA Astrophysics Data System from 1992 to November 2015). •
RECENT PARTICIPATION IN ORGANIZING INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCES
Session Convener: 14th Spacecraft Charging and Technology Conference, 4 - 8 April 2016, ESA/ESTEC, Noordwijk, The Netherlands. Session Organiser: 41st COSPAR Scientific Assembly, 30 July - 7 August 2016, Istanbul, Turkey. SOC Member: International Conference “Solar Wind 14”, June 2015, organized by Beijing University and Shandong University in Weihai, China. Member of International Advisory Committee: the 7th International Conference on the Physics of Dusty Plasmas, 2014, organized by and held at University of Delhi, Delhi, India. Leader of an International Team consisting of 10 senior researchers and a young scientist on the topic of nanodust in the solar system, 2009-2011 at International Space Science Institute, Bern, Switzerland. SOC Member: Meteoroids 2007 Conference, organized by the Institut d'Estudis Espacials de Catalunya, 2007, Barcelona, Spain. Leader of an International Team of 8 senior researchers to collaborate on the topic of dust-plasma interactions in the interplanetary medium, 2006-2008 at International Space Science Institute, Bern, Switzerland. SOC Member: International Astronomical Union Symposium 236: Near Earth Objects, our Celestial Neighbors: Opportunity and Risk, 2006, Prague, Czech Republic. •
RECENT INVITED PRESENTATIONS
Dust and sungrazing comets and their interactions with the solar wind, General Assembly of the International Astronomical Union, August 2015, Honolulu, Hawaii, USA. EISCAT_3D – How is Earth Atmosphere Coupled to Space? Workshop of e-IRG, the e-Infrastructure Reflection Group appointed by the European Commission, November 2014, Rome, Italy. Dusty plasma in the heliosphere, 7th International Conference on the Physics of Dusty Plasmas, 2014, New Delhi, India. Dust in the Solar System: Space Plasma Interactions, International Conference on Research and Application of Plasmas, 2013, Warsaw, Poland. Dusty plasma in Solar Wind and Earth Ionosphere, 12th International Workshop on the Interrelationship between Plasma Experiments in Laboratory and Space, 2013, Hakuba, Japan. Dust in the interplanetary medium: local interactions, 6th International Conference on the Physics of Dusty Plasmas, 2011, Garmisch Partenkirchen, Germany. Plenary presentation on Dust in the solar system, 37th Conference on Plasma Physics of the European Physical Society, 2010, Dublin, Ireland. Dust in the interplanetary medium, Solar Wind 12 Conference, 2009 Saint Malo, France. Local interstellar medium dust at the boundary of the solar system, Conference on „Voyagers in the Heliosheeth: Observations, models, and plasmas physics“, 2009, Koloa, Hawaii, USA.