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Cells and Passive Transport Study Guide Success Criteria: - Complete
- If multiple choice, answer has explanations - Quality answers/best answer possible
List the 2 types of active transport and the 2 types of passive transport. Describe the following terms: 1. diffusion 2. osmosis 3. endocytosis 4. exocytosis 5. equilibrium 6. concentration
Distinguish between active and passive transport.
Distinguish between diffusion and osmosis.
List the approximate concentration of water in the following: a) Cell b)Salt water c)Pure water
Create an illustration of diffusion and be sure to label the end result.
Explain what would happen if you placed a cell/egg in pure water. Include a diagram.
Give 3 real-world examples of diffusion.
What is a semipermeable/selectively permeable membrane? Give 2 examples.
10. Explain what would happen if you placed a cell/egg in a salt/sugar solution. Included a diagram.
11. Create a diagram of osmosis that includes a before and after picture, a semipermeable membrane, water, and something that can not pass through. Label the high and low concentrations of each part of the diagram.
12. What is the energy used in active transport? Where does it come from? 13. Identify what type of particles/molecules/substances move through: a) Diffusion b) Osmosis c) Endocytosis/exocytosis 14. If osmosis is the movement of water why is osmosis important to cells?
15. List the organelles responsible for producing, digesting, or deposing of waste in a eukaryotic cell? (Explain)
16. Distinguish between the physical appearance of the following: a. endoplasmic reticulum vs. Golgi apparatus
b. vacuole vs. lysosomes
17. Describe the function of the cytoskeleton.
18. Identify 8 things that help you distinguish between plant and animal cells.
19. Create an analogy of a cell and its organelles to a school, city, building etc. and its parts; create evidence-based explanations of the analogy.
20. Explain how ribosomes and the endoplasmic reticulum work together.
21. Explain how the cell membrane and golgi apparatus work together.
22. What is the basic unit of life? 23. Who saw the first cell more than 300 years ago? 24. List the scientist that participate in the discovery of the cell and briefly mention their contribution.
25. Write the Cell Theory.
26. Chloroplast is a plastid. Plastids store food and determine color. Why is it an important structure?
Cell Parts and Functions Select the correct cell parts listed below to fill the blanks of the sentences or spaces that follow: Cell membrane Nucleus Cell wall Mitochondria
Cytoplasm nuclear membrane nucleolus vacuole
Golgi complex centriole lysosomes ribosomes
chloroplast chromatin endoplasmic reticulum
1. The ____________________ is known as the brain or control center of the cell and has genes. 2. It is an intracellular transport system and is made of a series of channels (from the nucleus to cell membrane) throughout the cytoplasm of the cell. ____________________________________. 3. Structures normally found in animal cells, not in plant cells and are involved in animal cell reproduction. ___________________________________. 4. Involved in making ribosomes in the cell, this structure is located in the nucleus. _____________ 5. The structure is the outer covering of a cell and is involved in regulating the movement of materials (food, gases, elements) in and out of the cell. ___________________________________________ 6. Cellular respiration occurs in this organelle because this produces energy (ATP) for cell activities. Sometimes it is called the “powerhouse of the cell”, the organelle is the ____________________. 7. The double membrane surrounding the nucleus that controls what enters and leaves it, is called the: _______________________________________________ 8. Structures that contain digestive enzymes are ________________________________________. 9. Outside the cell membrane of a plant cell is the ________________________________ that also serves as support and protection for the cell. 10. Enzymes are proteins, and proteins are produce in this organelle ____________________________. 11. Sacs storing water, wastes and food are storage chambers in the cell. _____________________. 12. Structure found in plants, but not animal cells, that carries out photosynthesis is the ___________. 13. DNA material located in the nucleus of the cell is known as ____________________________ and during mitosis it changes and can be seen as chromosomes. 14. The _________________________ is area outside the nuclear membrane but inside the cell membrane, and cell parts are located. 15. The structure of the cell that prepares and packages proteins for use within the cell or shipment outside the cell. ______________________________________.
CELL STRUCTURE Color the parts of the cell using the colors.
Cell part and colors – List functions 1. Mitochondria (Yellow) 2. Lysosome …(Light red) 3. Centrioles (found in animal cells, Purple)4. Nucleolus….(Light Black) 5. Chromatin–a.k.a multiple chromosomes(DNA material, Dark red) – 6. Chloroplasts (not found in animal cells, Green)7. Golgi complex (Dark blue) 8. Cytoplasm (Yellow) 9. Vacoule (White) 10. Ribosome (Black) 11. Endoplasmic reticulum (Light blue) 12. Nuclear membrane (Brown) 13. Cell wall (not in animal cells, Orange) 14. Cell membrane (Brown) –