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GUIDED MISSILES--FRANCE, 13 HUMAN SECURITY, 32 HUMANITARIAN ASSISTANCE, 33 INSURGENCY, 13 INSURGENCY--IRAQ, 14 INTELLIGENCE SERVICE, 33 INTERNATIONAL AGENCIES, 14 INTERNATIONAL ECONOMIC RELATIONS, 14 INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS, 15 IRAQ WAR, 2003, 33 IRAQ WAR, 2003--GREAT BRITAIN, 34 IRAQ--POLITICS AND GOVERNMENT, 34 ISLAM AND POLITICS, 15 ISLAMIC FUNDAMENTALISM--SAUDI ARABIA, 16 ISRAEL--MILITARY POLICY, 34 KISSINGER, HENRY ALFRED, 1923-, 16 KOREA (NORTH)--ECONOMIC POLICY, 16 LABOR LAWS AND LEGISLATION, INTERNATIONAL, 17 LEBANON--FOREIGN RELATIONS--SYRIA, 34 MASS MEDIA AND WAR, 35 MEDITERRANEAN REGION--NATIONAL SECURITY, 17 MICROSOFT WINDOWS XP (COMPUTER PROGRAM), 17 MINORITIES--ENCYCLOPEDIAS, 17 NATION BUILDING, 35 NATION BUILDING--IRAQ, 18 NATO, 19 NATO, 35 NATO--ARMED FORCES, 36 NATO--ARMED FORCES--DEFENSE SPENDING, 19 NATO--EU, 37 NATO--MEDITERRANEAN REGION, 19 NATO--RUSSIA (FEDERATION), 37 NUCLEAR NONPROLIFERATION, 37 NUCLEAR NONPROLIFERATION--EU, 20 NUCLEAR WEAPONS--GREAT BRITAIN, 38 NUCLEAR WEAPONS--KOREA (NORTH), 20 NUCLEAR WEAPONS--NATO, 38 NUCLEAR WEAPONS--USA, 38 NUCLEAR-WEAPON-FREE ZONES, 39 OPERATION ANACONDA, 2002, 21 ORDNANCE, NAVAL, 21 PAKISTAN--FOREIGN RELATIONS--AFGHANISTAN, 21 PALESTINE--ELECTIONS, 39 PEACEKEEPING FORCES, 39 PREEMPTIVE ATTACK (MILITARY SCIENCE), 40 ROMANIA--POLITICS AND GOVERNMENT, 21 RUSSIA (FEDERATION)--FOREIGN RELATIONS, 22 RUSSIA (FEDERATION)--NATIONAL SECURITY, 22
SELF-DEFENSE (INTERNATIONAL LAW), 40 SEPTEMBER 11 TERRORIST ATTACKS, 2001, 40 TERRORISM, 40 TERRORISM--FINANCE, 41 TERRORISM--GOVERNMENT POLICY, 41 TERRORISM--GOVERNMENT POLICY--EUROPE, 23 TERRORISM--GOVERNMENT POLICY--NATO, 42 TERRORISM--LAW AND LEGISLATION, 42 TERRORISM--SPAIN, 42 TREATIES, 23 TURKEY--FOREIGN RELATIONS--ARAB COUNTRIES, 43 UNITED NATIONS, 43 UNITED NATIONS--PEACEKEEPING FORCES, 44 WAR, 23 WAR, 44 WAR ON TERRORISM, 2001-, 24 WAR ON TERRORISM, 2001-, 44 WARLORDISM--AFGHANISTAN, 24 WORLD BANK, 45 WORLD CITIZENSHIP, 24
LIST OF NEW BOOKS BY SUBJECT NOUVEAUX LIVRES CLASSÉS PAR SUJET ____________________________________________________________________________ AFGHANISTAN--HISTORY Modern Afghanistan : A History of Struggle and Survival / by Amin Saikal. - London : Tauris, 2004. ix, 342 p. : ill.; 23 cm. ID number: 80020051 Type: M Library Location: 958 /00008 ISBN: 1850434379 Author(s): 1. Saikal, Amin Bibliography: p. 317-333. Includes index. 'Rare is the country that has sustained as many blows, and such hard blows, as has Afghanistan over the last two and a half centuries. Afghanistan's history is a sad one : Soviet invasion in 1979; Pakistan-backed internal conflict in the 1990s; the Taliban regime and then the US invasion after the catastrophe of September 11th, 2001. Why has Afghanistan's course of development been so turbulent ? Why does it remain so vulnerable to domestic instability, foreign intervention and ideological extremism ? The author provides a sweeping new understanding of Afghanistan's troubled past. Three recurring themes are identified in the course of the narrative : the effect of polygamic-based rivalries amongst the ruling elites; ideological extremism; and major power rivalry.'
BALLISTIC MISSILES--FRANCE Un demi-siecle d'aeronautique en France : les missiles balistiques. - Paris : Centre des Hautes Etudes de l'Armement, 2004. 314 p. : ill.; 30 cm. ID number: 80020020 Type: M Library Location: 623 /00996 ISBN: 2717010068 Includes index. 'Le debut de la Guerre Froide, puis la crise de Suez, ont conduit le Gouvernment francais a prendre les premieres mesures visant a doter le pays de l'arme nucleaire. A la lumiere notamment des exemples americain et sovietique, le missile balistique est apparu comme le vecteur des futures armes nucleaires francaises le mieux approprie a la strategie nationale. Avec le retour au pouvoir du General de Gaulle, les programmes des armes nucleaires et de leurs vecteurs recurent une haute priorite. Les espoirs d'une aide americaine ayant ete decus, la France s'engagea resolument dans la voie de la realisation par ses propres moyens de systemes d'armes nucleaires. Elle crea les organismes industriels et etatiques dedies a cette fin. Les brillants resultats d'un programme d'etudes preliminaires destinees a l'acquisition des techniques de base relatives aux missiles permirent le lancement en parallele de plusieurs programmes de missiles d'une premiere generation armes d'une arme nucleaire : missiles MSBS lances de sous-marins nucleaires, missiles SSBS en silos du Plateau d'Albion, missiles tactiques Pluton. La maitrise par le CEA, en 1968, de l'arme thermonucleaire conduisit a une amelioration des systemes de premiere generation, puis a la realisation d'un systeme de missiles MSBS de deuxieme generation equipes de tetes nucleaires multiples et du systeme prestrategique Hades, successeur du Pluton. Avec la fin de la Guerre Froide, seuls subsistent aujourd'hui les systemes MSBS.'
BWC The Biological Weapons Convention : A Failed Revolution / by Jez Littlewood. - Aldershot, UK : Ashgate, 2005. viii, 250 p.; 24 cm. ID number: 80020040 Type: M Library Location: 327.3 /00646 ISBN: 0754638545 Author(s): 1. Littlewood, Jez Includes index. 'Providing a comprehensive insider's account of the negotiations on the Biological Weapons Convention (BWC) Protocol from their origin to collapse, the author examines and explains the efforts to control biological weapons at the international level and assesses the consequences of the failure of the BWC Protocol. The volume analyzes all the major issues in the negotiations, outlines the positions and views of key states to explain their preferences for particular policies, and assesses the outcome of the negotiations in the broader context of arms control for weapons of mass destruction at the beginning of the twenty-first century. The author provides a detailed assessment of the BWC from 1971 to the completion of the Fifth Review Conference in 2002.'
CABINET SYSTEM--RUSSIA (FEDERATION) The Central Government of Russia : From Gorbachev to Putin / by Iulia Shevchenko. - Aldershot, UK : Ashgate, 2004. 199 p.; 24 cm. (Post-Soviet Politics) ID number: 80020046 Type: M Library Location: 328 /00073 ISBN: 0754639827 Author(s): 1. Shevchenko, Iulia Bibliography: p. 186-192. Includes index. 'Placing the development of the Soviet and Russian central governments in theoretical context, this work breaks new ground in the study of contemporary Russian politics. The author's creative treatment of the principal-agent model offers fresh insight into the institutional origins of change in government organization in the communist and post-communist period, from President Gorbatchev to President Putin. She demonstrates that government organization varies with the extent to which the principal actors - the president and parliament - are prepared to empower the cabinet to actively develop rather than just implement policy. Delegation of broad decision-making powers, which occurs when the policy environment is highly competitive, is a crucial factor explaining the uneven dynamics of government development during this period.'
CENTRAL EUROPE--HISTORY Histoire et geopolitique de l'Europe centrale : de l'Antiquite a l'Union europeenne / by Ernest Weibel. - Paris : Ellipses, 2004. 559 p. : ill.; 24 cm. ID number: 80020059 Type: M Library Location: 941 /00015 ISBN: 272982006X Author(s): 1. Weibel, Ernest Bibliography: p. 539-549. Includes index. 'Nourrie pendant un demi-siecle de marxisme-leninisme sous l'egide sovietique, sevree par trois lustres de post-communisme, l'Europe centrale appartient aujourd'hui a l'Union europeenne. Que de chemin parcouru depuis que les legions romaines ont etabli a l'aube du premier millenaire leurs cantonnements le long de la rive droite du Danube. Cette etude retrace l'evolution historique et geopolitique du
centre du vieux-continent de l'Antiquite a nos jours. Apres avoir connu pendant pres de quatre siecles la paix romaine, les pays transdanubiens traversent au debut du Moyen Age une phase de bouleversements politiques, ethniques et socio-culturels. Reunis aux terres cisdanubiennes et christianises, ils forment de nouvelles nations et espaces politiques dans lesquels se cotoient Allemands, Slaves, Hongrois et Roumains. Les temps Modernes seront marques par la formation de l'Empire multinational des Habsbourg se caracterisant par la recherche constante d'un equilibre entre forces centrifuges et elements centripedes. Sa disparition en novembre 1918 entrainera les peuples du bassin danubien dans une spirale de crises et d'affrontements. Commence alors l'ere du Nationalisme, du Nazi-fascisme et du Communisme.'
COLD WAR La Tache rouge : le roman de la guerre froide / by Andre Fontaine. - Paris : Editions de La Martiniere, 2004. 559 p. : ill.; 24 cm. ID number: 80020057 Type: M Library Location: 327 /01251 ISBN: 2846751390 Author(s): 1. Fontaine, Andre, 1921Includes index. 'A la lumiere des nombreuses revelations intervenues depuis la dislocation de l'URSS, ce livre raconte les origines et les grandes etapes de ce qui aura ete en fin de compte la troisieme guerre mondiale. Une guerre que l'on a appelee 'froide' parce que la crainte de l'apocalypse a permis, parfois a la derniere seconde, comme dans la crise des fusees de Cuba, de trouver des portes de sortie a toutes les dramatiques 'parties au bord du gouffre' qui l'ont jalonnee. De la Coree a la Caraibe en passant par le Vietnam, l'Afghanistan, l'Ethiopie et l'Afrique ex-portugaise, elle n'en a pas moins fait plus de morts que toutes les autres guerres de l'Histoire, a l'exception de celle de 39-45. Et elle a entraine une dementielle course aux armements. A plusieurs reprises, le recours aux armes nucleaires a eu nombre d'avocats a l'Ouest, et Mao envisageait d'un coeur leger un conflit atomique qui aurait pu aneantir 'la moitie de la population du monde' pour assurer la victoire finale du socialisme.'
CONFLICTS Les nouveaux mondes rebelles : conflits, terrorisme et contestations. - Paris : Editions Michalon, 2005. xx, 503 p. : ill.; 24 cm. ID number: 80020062 Type: M Library Location: 323 /00898 ISBN: 2841862488 Includes index. 'L'illusion aura dure moins d'une decennie. Le grand face-a-face Est-Ouest ayant vecu, on avait voulu croire que les menaces pouvaient desormais etre contenues, circonscrites a des regions du monde a l'importance strategique declinante. Ce fut le calcul afghan. Ce fut, en fait, la tragique erreur afghane et le sanctuaire terroriste de Kaboul, ou furent echafaudes les monstrueux plans du 11 Septembre. Depuis les attentats des New York, les frontieres de l'insecurite sont tombees. Les puissances occidentales ont compris qu'elles ne pouvaient se rendre etanches a la violence, se mettre a l'abri des grandes coleres du Sud. Que les combattants des conflits dits 'peripheriques' pouvaient frapper au coeur. De cette geopolitique mondiale de la contestation, ce livre trace les grandes lignes, decrypte les convulsions, identifie les acteurs, privilegiant dans cette nouvelle edition une approche selective d'une quarantaine de foyers de crise ou de questions transnationales. Une methode originale, accessible, loin des atlas institutionnels. Pour discerner, derriere le rougeoiement
des incendies d'aujourd'hui, les brulots de demain.'
COUNCIL OF EUROPE. PARLIAMENTARY ASSEMBLY The Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe. - The Hague : Advisory Council on International Affairs, 2005. 21 p.; 30 cm. ID number: 80020003 Type: M Library Location: 481 /00091
DEFENSE TRANSFORMATION--NATO Examining NATO's Transformation. - Brussels : NATO, 2005. 62 p. : ill.; 30 cm. (NATO Review) ID number: 80020004 Type: M Library Location: 496.3 /00362
DEMOCRATIZATION--MIDDLE EAST Uncharted Journey : Promoting Democracy in the Middle East. Washington : Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, 2005. viii, 302 p. ; 24 cm. ID number: 80019997 Type: M Library Location: 321 /00692 ISBN: 0870032127 Bibliography: p. 269-282. Includes index.
DISMEMBERMENT OF NATIONS De Facto States : The Quest for Sovereignty. - London : Routledge, 2004. xi, 273 p. : ill.; 24 cm. ID number: 80020038 Type: M Library Location: 321 /00694 ISBN: 0714654760 Includes index. 'In this new century, the relentless appeal of national self-determination has moved beyond decolonisation. A large group of de facto states, would-be sovereignties, now seek international recognition. In some cases these 'nations in waiting' have already established the exclusivity of their writ on the ground and wait only for the outside world to come to terms with the realities of their existence. In others, there are powerful external players who could undermine their claims on one hand or ensure their success on the other. The cases described in this book are to be found throughout the world : Abkhazia and Chechnya in the Caucasus; Kosovo, Montenegro, Republika Srpska and Transnistria in eastern Europe; Palestine and the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus in the Middle East; Somaliland in Africa and Bougainville in the Pacific. Are these isolated voices or a harbinger of things to come ? Their demands for separate statehood have breached orthodoxies of territorial integrity and eroded the taboos of secession. Other large states, such as Indonesia, Nigeria and the Sudan, also teeter on the brink of disintegration. This volume provides a comprehensive theoretical and empirical examination of a new and very significant development in the international politics of fragmentation.'
ECONOMIC HISTORY World Economic Outlook : April 2005 : Globalization and External Imbalances. - Washington : International Monetary Fund, 2005. xiii, 289 p. : ill.; 28 cm. (World Economic and Financial Surveys) ID number: 80019994 Type: M Library Location: 338.9 /00656 ISBN: 1589064291 'The analysis and projections contained in this Report are integral elements of the IMF's surveillance of economic developments and policies in its member countries, developments in international financial markets, and the global economic system.'
ECONOMIC SANCTIONS, AMERICAN Shrewd Sanctions : Statecraft and State Sponsors of Terrorism / by Meghan L. O'Sullivan. - Washington : Brookings Institution Press, 2003. xvi, 424 p. : ill.; 24 cm. ID number: 80020049 Type: M Library Location: 341.6 /00042 ISBN: 0815706022 Author(s): 1. O'Sullivan, Meghan L. Includes index. 'Ninety-nine percent of studies on sanctions are obsessed with the question of whether sanctions 'work'. Most of the literature concludes that they do not. The author argues that this focus is misplaced and that blanket claims about the weaknesses of sanctions are irrelevant. Policymakers do not care whether sanctions, per se, can be characterized as useful, any more than they are inclined to generalize about military force. What matters is whether sanctions (or any other foreign policy tool) can be counted on to deliver results in specific instances. The book breaks new ground in moving beyond this sanctions debate to address more pertinent concerns about how sanctions fit into a post-cold war, post-9/11 American foreign policy. The author finds that sanctions do have a role in US foreign policy. But it is not the role that so many policymakers often call on sanctions to play. Rather than using sanctions indiscriminately to isolate or punish countries the book argues for a more nuanced strategy in the interest of getting better results. It advocates that policymakers select different sanctions strategies depending on the goals and circumstances at hand. A sanctions strategy for regime change should differ from one used for containment, which in turn should be distinct from a sanctions strategy intended to change the behavior of a government. In laying out this new approach, the author offers broad guidelines to policymakers wishing to choose more wisely between sanctions and other tools - and between different sorts of sanctions regimes - to ensure a more effective US foreign policy.'
EMP Evaluating Euro-Mediterranean Relations / by Stephen C. Calleya. London : Routledge, 2005. xviii, 167 p.; 24 cm. (Routledge Advances in European Politics ; 22) ID number: 80020048 Type: M Library Location: 449 /00047 ISBN: 0714654124 Author(s): 1. Calleya, Stephen C. Bibliography: p. 153-157. Includes index. 'What are the prospects for the future of the Euro-Mediterranean area and what relevant role can the Euro-Mediterranean Partnership (EMP) play in this future ? After decades of a Mediterranean policy that was actually focused more on improving economic relations between Europe
and the Mediterranean riparian states than anything else, the EU launched a more comprehensive Mediterranean policy in November 1995, the Euro-Mediterranean Partnership (EMP). The EMP has embraced political and security relations and socio-cultural relations as well as taking economics into account. As the tenth anniversary of this partnership approaches, this book discusses measures that could help transform this multilateral initiative from a boundary management exercise to a process that focuses more on encouraging boundary transformation. Euro-Mediterranean initiatives in the pipeline, such as the enhanced political dialogue, the Charter for Peace and Stability, the creation of a free trade area, and justice and home affairs cooperation are also discussed.'
EU--ESDP The Democratic Legitimacy of European Security and Defence Policy / by Wolfgang Wagner. - Paris : European Union Institute for Security Studies, 2005. 35 p. : ill.; 30 cm. (Occasional Paper : 57) ID number: 80020002 Type: M Library Location: 448 /00046 Author(s): 1. Wagner, Wolfgang 'This paper seeks to contribute to the discussion of ESDP's democratic legitimacy. The major challenge in doing so is, of course, to define what 'democratic legitimacy' means in the context of ESDP. 'Legitimacy' refers to subjective, normative convictions that usually differ between cultures, and there has been a plurality of democratic traditions and hence understandings of democratic legitimacy within the European Union. This challenge is well known from the debate about the EU's democratic deficit in general, which may therefore serve as a starting point. Indeed, congruence with the preferences and expectations of the public and the participation of parliaments on a national as well as a European level are three important pillars of democratic legitimacy in ESDP as well. In addition, respect for international law will be added as a fourth pillar. The discussion of the four pillars makes clear that two of these pillars (public support and participation of national parliaments) are weakened as ESDP progresses from a political project to a defence policy in action. This underlines the necessity to compensate an emerging 'democratic deficit' by a strengthening of parliamentary oversight at the European level and by strict adherence to international law.'
EU--FOREIGN RELATIONS Europe's Foreign and Security Policy : The Institutionalization of Cooperation / by Michael E. Smith. - Cambridge, UK : Cambridge University Press, 2004. xv, 291 p.; 23 cm. ID number: 80020036 Type: M Library Location: 441 /00135 ISBN: 0521538610 Author(s): 1. Smith, Michael E. Bibliography: p. 264-283. Includes index. 'The emergence of a common security and foreign policy has been one of the most contentious issues accompanying the integration of the European Union. The author examines here the specific ways foreign policy cooperation has been institutionalized in the EU, the way institutional development affects cooperative outcomes in foreign policy, and how those outcomes lead to new institutional reforms. He explains the evolution and performance of the institutional procedures of the EU using a unique analytical framework, supported by extensive empirical evidence drawn from interviews, case studies, official
documents, and secondary sources. His analysis covers the entire history of EU foreign policy cooperation, from its origins in the late 1960s up to the start of the 2003 constitutional convention.'
EU--RUSSIA (FEDERATION) Perspectives on EU-Russia Relations. - London : Routledge, 2005. xiii, 217 p. : ill.; 24 cm. (Europe and the Nation State ; 7) ID number: 80020039 Type: M Library Location: 441 /00136 ISBN: 0415339855 Includes index. 'The relationship between Russia and the European Union is extremely important to both parties in political, economic, business and security terms. This book explores how the internal dynamics of transition have influenced this delicate relationship. Taking a holistic approach, the authors present a balanced analysis exploring both EU and Russian perspectives. The book includes chapters on a wide range of issues such as European security, the situation in Chechnya, Russian domestic economic policy, the business environment, energy and the emerging partnership between Russia and Germany. It also addresses questions such as : will bilateral relations be achieved with a Western or Russian model ?; who is the main driver of EU-Russia relations ?; is Russia converging with the EU in terms of business, culture, legal environment and system ?; does the EU-Russia link provide a new model for EU external relations ?; what are the implications for the EU-Russia relationship following the shift from Yeltsin to Putin ?'
EUROPE--BOUNDARIES Soft or Hard Borders ? : Managing the Divide in an Enlarged Europe. - Aldershot, UK : Ashgate, 2005. viii, 204 p.; 24 cm. ID number: 80020031 Type: M Library Location: 341.2 /00328 ISBN: 0754643387 Includes index. 'Bringing together leading European and North American experts, this timely volume answers questions about the implications and management of the new external borders of the European Union following another phase of enlargement. Implications of the EU's new external border, especially its eastern border with Russia and Ukraine, will be a key issue for the new member countries, for the EU, and for the new neighbouring regions. The contributors address this emerging question from two perspectives. They examine whether an expanded Europe will create a new dividing line in Europe between 'insiders' and 'outsiders', and also consider the concrete problems of border management and how the issues will be handled.'
EUROPEAN CONSTITUTION Commentaire de la Constitution de l'Union europeenne. - Bruxelles : Editions de l'Universite de Bruxelles, 2005. 451 p.; 24 cm. ID number: 80020056 Type: M Library Location: 422 /00013 ISBN: 2800413522 'En ce moment crucial pour l'avenir de l'Europe, le present ouvrage a pour ambition de dresser un bilan critique des apports de la nouvelle Constitution : peut-on parler de rupture ou simplement de changement dans la continuite ? Cette Constitution est-elle un aboutissement ou une simple etape ? Pour tenter de repondre a ces questions quatre themes essentiels ont ete choisis qui forment les quatre parties de l'ouvrage : les principes de base de l'Union, les droits fondamentaux,
le nouveau cadre institutionnel de l'Union, et les consequences de la Constitution pour quelques politiques cles de l'Union. Pour chaque matiere etudiee, les auteurs se sont attaches a analyser l'etat de la question, les problemes et enjeux souleves pour presenter les solutions que tente d'y apporter la Constitution.' Traite etablissant une Constitution pour l'Europe. - [s.l.] : [s.n.], 2005. 191 p.; 29 cm. ID number: 80020006 Type: M Library Location: 422 /00012
GUIDED MISSILES--FRANCE Un demi-siecle d'aeronautique en France : les missiles tactiques de 1945 a 1995 / by Rene Carpentier. - Paris : Centre des Hautes Etudes de l'Armement, 2004. 336 p. : ill.; 30 cm. ID number: 80020021 Type: M Library Location: 623 /00997 Author(s): 1. Carpentier, Rene Bibliography: p. 325-327. Includes index. 'Jusqu'a la fin des annees 1960, ils furent appeles 'engins speciaux'. Le qualificatif 'tactique' designe ensuite les missiles equipes d'une charge conventionnelle et ne pouvant effectuer qu'une mission tactique. De 1945 a 1995, trois grandes periodes peuvent etre definies : la premiere, jusqu'en 1958, se caracterise par la creation de l'industrie missiliere francaise, sans connaissance des realisations des Americains; dans la deuxieme, qui s'acheve en 1980, cette industrie devint mature avec les echanges dans le cadre de l'OTAN, la cooperation europeenne, les progres de la technologie et les exportations; la derniere periode, de 1981 a 1995, est caracterisee par le developpement des missiles intelligents et la fin de l'industrie nationale, une industrie europeenne integree se mettant en place a la fin des annees 1990. Cette histoire concerne les acteurs services officiels, missiliers et cooperants equipementiers - et les programmes, avec un apercu sur les missiles etrangers concurrents.'
INSURGENCY Street Gangs : The New Urban Insurgency / by Max G. Manwaring. Carlisle Barracks, PA : US Army War College, 2005. vi, 47 p.; 23 cm. ID number: 80020001 Type: M Library Location: 323 /00887 ISBN: 1584871911 Author(s): 1. Manwaring, Max G. 'The primary thrust of the monograph is to explain the linkage of contemporary criminal street gangs (that is, the gang phenomenon or third generation gangs) to insurgency in terms of the instability it wreaks upon government and the concomitant challenge to state sovereignty. Although there are differences between gangs and insurgents regarding motives and modes of operations, this linkage infers that gang phenomena are mutated forms of urban insurgency. In these terms, these 'new' nonstate actors must eventually seize political power in order to guarantee the freedom of action and the commercial environment they want. The common denominator that clearly links the gang phenomenon to insurgency is that the third generation gangs' and insurgents' ultimate objective is to depose or control the governments of targeted countries. This monograph concludes with recommendations for the United States and other countries to focus security and assistance responses at the strategic level. The intent
is to help leaders achieve strategic clarity and operate more effectively in the complex politically dominated, contemporary global security arena.'
INSURGENCY--IRAQ Insurgency in Iraq : An Historical Perspective / by Ian F. W. Beckett. - Carlisle Barracks, PA : US Army War College, 2005. v, 21 p.; 23 cm. ID number: 80020000 Type: M Library Location: 323 /00888 ISBN: 1584871830 Author(s): 1. Beckett, Ian F. W. 'The continuing proliferation of insurgent organizations suggests that insurgency is still widely perceived as an effective means either of achieving power and influence, or of bringing a cause to the notice of an international or national community. The end of European decolonization and the collapse of the Soviet Union together removed the motivational impulse for much conflict between the late 1940s and the late 1980s. However, new ideological, political, and commercial imperatives are now encouraging intrastate conflict and insurgency amid the breakdown of the international bipolar political system and the emergence of identity politics and of many more nonstate actors. This monograph considers the patterns of insurgency in the past by way of establishing how much the conflict in Iraq conforms to previous experience. In particular, the author compares and contrasts Iraq with previous Middle Eastern insurgencies such as those in Palestine, Aden, the Dhofar province of Oman, Algeria, and Lebanon. He suggests that there is much that can be learned from British, French, and Israeli experience.'
INTERNATIONAL AGENCIES International Organizations : A Dictionary and Directory / by Giuseppe Schiavone. - 6th ed. - Houndmills, UK : Palgrave MacMillan, 2005. iii, 390 p.; 26 cm. ID number: 80019996 Type: REF Library Location: 4 /00107 REF ISBN: 1403942641 Author(s): 1. Schiavone, Giuseppe Includes index. 'This is a concise and balanced guide providing detailed and independent information on more than 200 organizations and forums serving political, security, economic, social and cultural purposes worldwide.'
INTERNATIONAL ECONOMIC RELATIONS L'empire et les nouveaux barbares / by Jean-Christophe Rufin. - Ed. rev. et augm. - Paris : Lattes, 2001. 267 p.; 23 cm. ID number: 80020060 Type: M Library Location: 327 /01252 ISBN: 2709623366 Author(s): 1. Rufin, Jean-Christophe '1991. Deux ans apres la chute du Mur de Berlin, l'auteur publie 'L'empire et les nouveaux barbares'. Au credo sur la globalisation et le nouvel ordre mondial, il oppose le risque d'une nouvelle fracture planetaire. Il annonce qu'au face-a-face Est-Ouest menace de succeder un ordre mondial comparable a celui qui prevalait dans l'Antiquite, en particulier pendant l'Empire romain. D'un cote 'nous', le Nord, qui represente l'Empire, concentre les richesses, la puissance, fixe la
norme et dit le droit; en face 'les autres', le Sud, heterogene, auquel serait devolu le role des 'barbares', forces a la fois marginalisees et potentiellement hostiles, rejetees de l'autre cote d'un limes qui permettrait de les tenir a distance. Or, l'illusion, prevenait l'auteur, etait precisement de croire que la misere, le chaos et les conflits pourraient etre durablement tenus en lisiere de cet ordre inegal. 2001. Dix ans apres la premiere edition, contre Fukuyama et l'optimisme de la fin de l'Histoire, contre Huntington et le cynisme du Choc des civilisations, les attentats du 11 septembre et la guerre qui leur fait suite confirment les theses et les craintes de ce livre. Il enonce avec une particuliere clarte la nouvelle et complementaire exigence de justice et de securite.'
INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS The United States and the Great Powers : World Politics in the Twenty-First Century / by Barry Buzan. - Cambridge, UK : Polity, 2004. xi, 222 p.; 23 cm. ID number: 80020034 Type: M Library Location: 327 /01247 ISBN: 0745633749 Author(s): 1. Buzan, Barry Bibliography: p. 196-209. Includes index. 'The idea that world politics can be understood in terms of a US-dominated unipolarity became generally accepted during the 1990s. Following the September 11 attacks, however, US foreign policy took an imperial turn, and many began to question the form, style and substance of US leadership at the start of the twenty-first century. But why is the US behaving as if it lived in a world of enemies ? What can other great powers do to change its behaviour, and what will be the consequences if they fail ? Could the EU and China become superpowers alongside the US ? And what would happen if the US stepped down from its superpower role, creating a world with only great powers and no superpowers ? The author seeks to provide answers to these pressing questions. He begins by introducing the core concepts of polarity and identity in world politics, which he uses to advance three possible scenarios for the future development of the international political system. The author contends that we are not living in a strictly unipolar world where the great powers are helpless in the face of the US. Instead he argues that the existence of great powers alongside an American superpower plays a crucial role in creating both opportunities and responsibilities which will shape the way in which world politics unfolds in the coming decades. What the great powers do or don't do will be crucial to how long US dominance lasts. It will also help determine whether the period of American hegemony will develop or destroy the unique multilateral international society built up by US foreign policy over the last half century.'
ISLAM AND POLITICS Islam in World Politics. - London : Routledge, 2005. 198 p.; 24 cm. ID number: 80020047 Type: M Library Location: 323 /00896 ISBN: 0415324114 Includes index. 'Over the past few decades, Islam has emerged as a political force on the international scene and this book analyses the factors leading to, and the implications of, this heightening of the profile of a religion. In the political sphere, there is a wide range of emphases both in which an Islamic society might be realised, and the ways in which such a society might conduct its relations with the non-Muslim world. Within these different emphases are some radical tendencies. A
cluster of fringe groups, broadly referred to as Islamists, have appropriated the rhetoric of Islam, applying it to a promised 'Islamic' reality to be realised once 'Islam is fully applied'. The essays within this book are driven by the concern to address these issues. Areas that are covered include an examination of the challenge of Islamism to the Muslim world, the use of Islam as a political tool on the international scene, its contributions to the theory and practice of global finance, its role in gender discourse, and its articulations in the Indian sub-continent, Southeast Asia, Central Asia, and the Arab world.'
ISLAMIC FUNDAMENTALISM--SAUDI ARABIA Saudi Arabia : Islamic Threat, Political Reform, and the Global War on Terror / by Sherifa Zuhur. - Carlisle Barracks, PA : US Army War College, 2005. vi, 65 p.; 23 cm. ID number: 80019998 Type: M Library Location: 323 /00890 ISBN: 158487189X Author(s): 1. Zuhur, Sherifa 'This monograph examines the emergence and progress of an Islamist threat in Saudi Arabia and the simultaneous development of other forces for political change, and assesses the strategic situation in the Kingdom in light of the regional war on terrorism.'
KISSINGER, HENRY ALFRED, 1923The Flawed Architect : Henry Kissinger and American Foreign Policy / by Jussi M. Hanhimaki. - Oxford, UK : Oxford University Press, 2004. xxii, 554 p. : ill.; 25 cm. ID number: 80020045 Type: M Library Location: 327 /01249 ISBN: 0195172213 Author(s): 1. Hanhimaki, Jussi M. Bibliography: p. 535-539. Includes index. 'In this first major reassessment of Kissinger in over a decade, the author paints a subtle, carefully composed portrait of America's most famous and infamous statesman. Drawing on extensive research from newly declassified files, he follows Kissinger from his beginnings in the Nixon administration up to the current controversy over whether Kissinger is a war criminal. The author guides the reader through White House power struggles and debates behind the Cambodia and Laos invasions, the search for a strategy in Vietnam, the breakthrough with China, and the unfolding of Soviet-American detente. Here, too, are many other international crises of the period, all set against the backdrop of Watergate. Along the way, the author sheds light on Kissinger's personal flaws as well as his great strengths as a diplomat. We see Kissinger negotiating, threatening and joking with virtually all of the key foreign leaders of the 1970s, from Mao to Brezhnev and Anwar Sadat to Golda Meir.'
KOREA (NORTH)--ECONOMIC POLICY Understanding North Korea's Economic Reforms / by Kim Young-yoon, Choi Soo-young. - Seoul : Korea Institute for National Unification, 2005. 57 p. : ill.; 26 cm. ID number: 80020012 Type: M Library Location: 338.9 /00676 Author(s): 1. Young-yoon, Kim
LABOR LAWS AND LEGISLATION, INTERNATIONAL Guide social permanent. Tome 5 : commentaire droit du travail. Partie 11. - Bruxelles : Editions Kluwer, 2005. var. pag.; 25 cm. ID number: 80019995 Type: M Library Location: 36 /00001
MEDITERRANEAN REGION--NATIONAL SECURITY Horizons de securite en Mediterranee et au Moyen-Orient : communaute d'interets et defis communs = Looking to the Future : Common Security Interests and Challenges in the Mediterranean and the Middle East. - Rome : NATO Defense College, 2005. 153 p. : ill.; 22 cm. (Seminar Report Series ; 22) ID number: 80020007 Type: M Library Location: 355.4 /01444 ISBN: 888796727X Rome, 29-30 November 2004.
MICROSOFT WINDOWS XP (COMPUTER PROGRAM) Le registre de Windows XP. - Paris : Micro Application, 2004. 412 p. : ill.; 19 cm. ID number: 80020061 Type: M Library Location: 681 /00795 ISBN: 274293408 Includes index. 'Cet ouvrage vous permet d'acceder a la toute-puissance de Microsoft Windows XP en decodant les innombrables entrees du Registre. Au coeur de Windows, vous apprendrez les cles de la maintenance du Registre, sur lequel vous travaillerez de maniere optimale. Outil indispensable pour personnaliser, optimiser et securiser le systeme et ses applications sans risquer de les endommager, cet ouvrage vous apportera aussi une aide precieuse pour resoudre les problemes et corriger les erreurs.'
MINORITIES--ENCYCLOPEDIAS Encyclopedia of the World's Minorities. Volume 1 : A-F. - New York : Routledge, 2005. xxxi, 476 p.; 29 cm. ID number: 80020053 Type: REF Library Location: 323 /00895 REF ISBN: 157958392X Encyclopedia of the World's Minorities. Volume 2 : G-O. - New York : Routledge, 2005. xxxi, 461 p.; 29 cm. ID number: 80020054 Type: REF Library Location: 323 /00895 REF ISBN: 157958392X Encyclopedia of the World's Minorities. Volume 3 : P-Z, Index. - New York : Routledge, 2005. xxxi, 474 p.; 29 cm. ID number: 80020055 Type: REF Library Location: 323 /00895 REF ISBN: 157958392X Includes index.
NATION BUILDING--IRAQ Iraq's Future : The Aftermath of Regime Change / by Toby Dodge. Abingdon, UK : Routledge, 2005. 72 p. : ill.; 24 cm. (Adelphi Paper ; 372) ID number: 80020052 Type: M Library Location: 321 /00695 ISBN: 0415363896 Author(s): 1. Dodge, Toby 'It is hard to over-estimate what is at stake in Iraq today. The removal of Saddam Hussein's regime in April 2003 has proved to be the beginning, not the culmination, of a long and uncertain process of state-building. This paper examines the process from a military, political and sociological perspective. Possible futures for Iraq are charted, first by studying the evolution of the criminal and politically motivated violence that has come to dominate the everyday lives of ordinary Iraqis. The paper then details the strengths and weaknesses of the political structures built after the fall of Saddam's regime, from the formation of the Iraqi Governing Council in 2003 to the elections of January 2005, and traces the forces driving political mobilisation in post-Saddam Iraq. It concludes by analysing the ramifications of regime change for US policy and the wider Middle East.' What We Owe Iraq : War and the Ethics of Nation Building / by Noah Feldman. - Princeton, NJ : Princeton University Press, 2004. 154 p.; 23 cm. ID number: 80020033 Type: M Library Location: 321 /00693 ISBN: 0691121796 Author(s): 1. Feldman, Noah Includes index. 'What do we owe Iraq ? America is up to its neck in nation building but the public debate, focused on getting the troops home, devotes little attention to why we are building a new Iraqi nation, what success would look like, or what principles should guide us. This book sets out to shift the terms of the debate, acknowledging that we are nation building to protect ourselves while demanding that we put the interests of the people being governed - whether in Iraq, Afghanistan, Kosovo, or elsewhere - ahead of our own when we exercise power over them. The author argues that to prevent nation building from turning into a paternalistic, colonialist charade, we urgently need a new, humbler approach. Nation builders should focus on providing security, without arrogantly claiming any special expertise in how successful nation-states should be made. Drawing on his personal experiences in Iraq as a constitutional adviser, the author offers enduring insights into the power dynamics between the American occupiers and the Iraqis, and tackles issues such as Iraqi elections, the prospect of successful democratization, and the way home. Elections do not end the occupier's responsibility. Unless asked to leave, we must resist the temptation of a military pullout before a legitimately elected government can maintain order and govern effectively. But elections that create a legitimate democracy are also the only way a nation builder can put itself out of business and - eventually - send its troops home.'
NATO La NATO dopo l'11 settembre : tra riforma e marginalizzazione / by Alessandro Neto. - [s.l.] : [s.n.], 2003-2004. x, 226 p.; 30 cm. ID number: 80020026 Type: M Library Location: 49 /00153 Author(s): 1. Neto, Alessandro Universita Cattolica del Sacro Cuore. Facolta di Scienze Politiche. Anno Accademico 2003-2004. Bibliography: p. 209-225.
NATO--ARMED FORCES--DEFENSE SPENDING The US, NATO and Military Burden-Sharing / by Peter Kent Forster, Stephen J. Cimbala. - London : Frank Cass, 2005. xii, 188 p.; 24 cm. ID number: 80020043 Type: M Library Location: 496.3 /00363 ISBN: 0415356075 Author(s): 1. Forster, Peter Kent 2. Cimbala, Stephen J. Bibliography: p. 170-180. Includes index. 'This study establishes that political, economic, and military-technological changes transform the international system and alter the way in which a state views its and others' responsibilities and burdens for responding to international crises. It assesses the distribution of the costs of raising and supporting armed forces, the risks of deploying them overseas and using them in combat or peace operations, and the extent to which members of the system have a responsibility for maintaining international order in the context of three instances of multinational military intervention - the Multinational Force deployment in Lebanon in 1982-83, the first Persian Gulf War in 1990-91 including information on the impact of the recent conflicts in Afghanistan and Iraq, and the United Nations', and subsequently NATO's intervention in the Balkans 1992-99.'
NATO--MEDITERRANEAN REGION The NATO and the Mediterranean between the Cold War and the Post-Bipolar World / by Fabio Alessandro Cardani. - [s.l.] : [s.n.], 2003-2004. vii, 234 p.; 30 cm. ID number: 80020013 Type: M Library Location: 495.2 /00160 Author(s): 1. Cardani, Fabio Alessandro Universita Cattolica del Sacro Cuore - Milano. Facolta di Scienze Politiche. Corso di Laurea in Scienze Politiche. Anno Accademico 2003-2004. Bibliography: p. 225-234.
NUCLEAR NONPROLIFERATION--EU Effective Non-Proliferation : The European Union and the 2005 NPT Review Conference. - Paris : European Union Institute for Security Studies, 2005. 68 p.; 24 cm. (Chaillot Papers ; 77) ID number: 80020008 Type: M Library Location: 623 /00994 ISBN: 9291980706 'The European Union has identified the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction as a key threat to its security, and considers the Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT) as a cornerstone of its strategy of fighting the spread of WMD. A successful outcome of the NPT Review Conference in May 2005 is thus of essential interest to the Union. However, the chances of achieving this objective are rather slim : the unresolved question of Iran, the unclear status of North Korea, a lack of enthusiasm on the part of the Nuclear Weapons States for further steps towards disarmament, limited progress in the conclusion and implementation of the IAEA's Additional Protocol are all obstacles to a successful conference. In this situation the EU, as the main protagonist of a multilateral, treaty-based approach to the fight against proliferation, has a particular responsibility to avoid the Review Conference becoming a failure. To achieve the EU's objective, member states have to overcome their traditional divergences on nuclear issues and put forward innovative proposals. This paper demonstrates that there is enough common ground to do so : four distinguished experts assess the main challenges currently facing the NPT regime and develop ideas for the EU's contribution to a successful conference. Member states should strive to protect the integrity and credibility of the NPT and continue to promote its universality. The EU should support and work towards the implementation of the Additional Protocol as the verification standard; it should also continue to work for the promotion of the early entry into force of the CTBT. Building on the effective national export control policies of its member states, the EU can also declare itself ready to assist third countries to strengthen their export controls. More broadly, regional security concerns must be addressed as well. In this context, CFSP in general can play an important role in supporting the NPT. Last but not least, member states should, within the EU, put aside tactics driven by external groupings and give priority to EU solidarity.'
NUCLEAR WEAPONS--KOREA (NORTH) Dismantling North Korea's Nuclear Weapons Programs / by David J. Bishop. - Carlisle Barracks, PA : US Army War College, 2005. v, 14 p.; 28 cm. (Carlisle Papers in Security Strategy) ID number: 80020009 Type: M Library Location: 623 /00995 ISBN: 1584871946 Author(s): 1. Bishop, David J. 'This paper examines the choices available to the United States for dismantling North Korea's nuclear weapons programs. The options range from doing nothing to executing policies of engagement, containment, or preemption. Each option has advantages and disadvantages, and there are numerous factors influencing the problem. The major factors include US national interests, the role of China, the Republic of Korea (ROK)-US alliance, the difficult nature of North Korea, and the US war on terror.'
OPERATION ANACONDA, 2002 Not a Good Day to Die : The Untold Story of Operation Anaconda / by Sean Naylor. - New York : Berkley, 2005. xix, 425 p. : ill.; 24 cm. ID number: 80020044 Type: M Library Location: 323 /00894 ISBN: 0425196097 Author(s): 1. Naylor, Sean Bibliography: p. 411-414. Includes index. 'After the Al Qaida attacks of September 11, 2001, America quickly toppled the Taliban regime that had sheltered the terrorist organization in Afghanistan. But the military strategy that succeeded so well against the ragtag Taliban began to backfire as US forces pursued Osama bin Laden's fighters into the mountains. Award-winning combat reporter Sean Naylor reveals how close to disaster American forces came in Afghanistan.'
ORDNANCE, NAVAL Jane's Naval Weapon Systems : Issue Forty-Two. - Coulsdon, UK : Jane's Information Group, 2005. 742 p. : ill.; 30 cm. ID number: 80020024 Type: REF Library Location: 623 /00585 REF ISBN: 0710608934 Includes index.
PAKISTAN--FOREIGN RELATIONS--AFGHANISTAN Pakistan and the Emergence of Islamic Militancy in Afghanistan / by Rizwan Hussain. - Aldershot, UK : Ashgate, 2005. 288 p. : ill.; 25 cm. ID number: 80020050 Type: M Library Location: 327 /01250 ISBN: 0754644340 Author(s): 1. Hussain, Rizwan Bibliography: p. 257-283. Includes index. 'Pakistan's interaction with Afghanistan was to an extent influenced and fashioned by the historical legacy of pre-1947 Afghan-British Indian relations. This study explores how the Pakistan Army's involvement with the Afghan Islamists became integrated with the Pakistan elites' post-Cold War strategic agenda. The analyses take into account the nature of the Pakistani polity and the foremost role of the Pakistani military in policy formulation. Particular attention is given to the interrelationship between the changes in the geopolitics of the Southwest and South Asian regions with the security policies of the Pakistani decision-making elite. Security concerns play a pivotal role in Pakistan's attempt to create a client state in Afghanistan in order to enhance Pakistan's wider economic and political influence in the region.'
ROMANIA--POLITICS AND GOVERNMENT Theft of a Nation : Romania since Communism / by Tom Gallagher. London : Hurst, 2005. xxiii, 428 p. : ill.; 22 cm. ID number: 80020030 Type: M Library Location: 323 /00892 ISBN: 1850657173 Author(s): 1. Gallagher, Tom Bibliography: p. 403-415. Includes index. 'Since 1989 Romania has gone from communist isolation under the megalomaniac Nicolae Ceausescu to being a key player in America's war
against terrorism. This strategically-placed country has become a frontline state for nervous Western governments keen to secure oil routes from the Middle East. It joined NATO in 2004 and the European Union is welcoming it into membership by 2007 on flexible terms despite a serious democratic deficit and glaring economic weaknesses. The author analyses how the country is seeking to transform its image while many of the key legacies of dictatorship have remained intact. Problems that have made the country a byword for misrule - a corrupt ruling elite, unaccountable intelligence services, and nationalist extremists adept at exploiting social misery - remain largely unresolved. Only in 2000, it was in Romania that the best electoral performance so far of any of Europe's radical extremist movements was obtained. The reconciliation between the West and a predatory ruling elite which rules by strong-arm methods, has damaging implications for Western security. The mishandling of Romania has tarnished the EU's reputation for strengthening democracy in the Balkans, the key regional arena for its emerging new foreign policy. This book argues that another serious miscalculation by the West has been made as it scrambles to find local allies in a troubled neighbourhood. It predicts that Romania will be a future trouble-spot unless efforts to resume much-needed reforms are undertaken.'
RUSSIA (FEDERATION)--FOREIGN RELATIONS Challenging America's Global Preeminence : Russia's Quest for Multipolarity / by Thomas Ambrosio. - Aldershot, UK : Ashgate, 2005. x, 196 p.; 25 cm. ID number: 80020035 Type: M Library Location: 327 /01248 ISBN: 0754642895 Author(s): 1. Ambrosio, Thomas Bibliography: p. 181-190. Includes index. 'Examining the shifts in Russian foreign policy and their potential impact on the status and influence of the United States in the international system, this volume examines why the Kremlin initially sought an alliance with the United States and the internal and external reasons why such a policy was unsustainable. In particular, it looks for an explanation for the post-Cold War vacillations in Russian foreign policy. Russia made several decisions which were perceived domestically as being unacceptable capitulations to American interests. Consequently, a pro-Western foreign policy became incompatible with Russian political culture. The rapprochement following 9/11 was destined to be temporary due to the decision by the Bush administration to invade Iraq. Contributing to the fields of international relations and comparative foreign policy, this study provides a fresh approach to the balance/bandwagon issue and takes into account the global repercussions of the recent war in Iraq.'
RUSSIA (FEDERATION)--NATIONAL SECURITY The New Security Environment : The Impact on Russia, Central and Eastern Europe. - Aldershot, UK : Ashgate, 2005. xi, 247 p.; 24 cm. (Global Interdisciplinary Studies Series) ID number: 80020041 Type: M Library Location: 355.4 /01445 ISBN: 0754643301 Includes index. 'The security and foreign policy environment in Russia, Central and Eastern Europe is constantly changing and evolving. This book pays special attention to the impact that the expansion of NATO and the EU is likely to have on security issues. One the unique features of the volume is the diversity of the contributors, complementing the geographical span of the regions studied. They therefore bring diverse
perspectives to their analysis on the central issues of security in the post 9/11 period. The book incorporates a selection of case studies such as the impact of US policy, EU enlargement and Russia's regional security challenges.'
TERRORISM--GOVERNMENT POLICY--EUROPE La lutte contre le terrorisme : les normes du Conseil de l'Europe. Strasbourg : Editions du Conseil de l'Europe, 2004. 430 p.; 24 cm. ID number: 80020058 Type: M Library Location: 323 /00897 ISBN: 9287153671 'Le Conseil de l'Europe s'est voue, depuis 1949, a la defense des droits de l'homme, de l'Etat de droit et de la democratie pluraliste. Le terrorisme nie ces trois valeurs primordiales et le Conseil de l'Europe est determine a le combattre. Le Conseil de l'Europe a elabore plusieurs instruments internationaux et normes qui refletent l'importance que l'Organisation attache a la lutte contre le terrorisme et qui illustrent son message fondamental : il est possible de combattre efficacement le terrorisme tout en sauvegardant les valeurs fondamentales qui sont le patrimoine commun du continent europeen. La presente publication contient ces textes et vise a constituer un document de reference accessible et exhaustif.'
TREATIES Multilateral Treaties Deposited with the Secretary-General : Status as at 31 December 2004. Volume I, Part I, Chapters I to XI. - New York : United Nations, 2005. liv, 897 p.; 28 cm. ID number: 80020010 Type: M Library Location: 341.2 /00131 ISBN: 9211337291 Multilateral Treaties Deposited with the Secretary-General : Status as at 31 December 2004. Volume II, Part I, Chapters XII to XXIX, and Part II. - New York : United Nations, 2005. liv, 601 p.; 28 cm. ID number: 80020011 Type: M Library Location: 341.2 /00131 ISBN: 9211337291 Includes index. WAR The Future of War : The Re-Enchantment of War in the Twenty-First Century / by Christopher Coker. - Malden, MA : Blackwell, 2004. xiv, 162 p.; 23 cm. ID number: 80020032 Type: M Library Location: 355 /00460 ISBN: 1405120428 Author(s): 1. Coker, Christopher Includes index. 'Most commentators propose a nightmare vision of future warfare : a battlefield of drones and robots with no place for human intuition or will. The author presents here a new and radically different view. New technology will free the warrior from the mass slaughterhouse of twentieth-century warfare, and soldiers will once again find their humanity on the field of battle.'
WAR ON TERRORISM, 2001Chain of Command : The Road from 9/11 to Abu Ghraib / by Seymour M. Hersh. - London : Penguin Books, 2004. xix, 394 p. ; 25 cm. ID number: 80020037 Type: M Library Location: 323 /00893 ISBN: 0713998458 Author(s): 1. Hersh, Seymour M. Includes index. 'The author reveals here what really lies behind the public story of Bush's war on terror, giving the full picture of the intelligence failures, lies, distortions and obsessions - including the White House's false claims about weapons of mass destruction - that led to the invasion of Iraq and turned America from victim of terror into perpetrator of torture. Examining the full extent of the abuse at Abu Ghraib, the author discloses the institutional failures of the Army prison system and lays responsibility at the highest levels. He shows how policy decisions at the Pentagon - endorsed by Rumsfeld and his aides - to expand a top secret 'special-access program' brought extreme torture methods to the prisons in Iraq and created a culture of brutality where the old rules no longer applied. He also looks at who blew the whistle and what the Pentagon's reaction was to the scandal.'
WARLORDISM--AFGHANISTAN Afghanistan : Reconstituting a Collapsed State / by Raymond A. Millen. - Carlisle Barracks, PA : US Army War College, 2005. viii, 22 p.; 23 cm. ID number: 80019999 Type: M Library Location: 323 /00889 ISBN: 158487192X Author(s): 1. Millen, Raymond A. 'The author examines warlordism as the principal impediment to Afghanistan's revival and offers a shift in strategy that addresses the war of ideas, the counternarcotics initiative, and the incorporation of the Afghan National Army into the provincial reconstruction teams. As he observes, all the resources are in place; they simply need a shift in focus. The author takes into account the historical, cultural, and economic factors that impede central authority and the reforms needed for modern states.'
WORLD CITIZENSHIP Challenging Citizenship : Group Membership and Cultural Identity in a Global Age. - Aldershot, UK : Ashgate, 2005. x, 200 p.; 25 cm. ID number: 80020042 Type: M Library Location: 342 /00184 ISBN: 0754643670 Includes index. 'Over the last ten years citizenship has become an area of interdisciplinary research and teaching in its own right. This book highlights that globalization poses new challenges for established understandings and practices of citizenship, and that intellectual work is required to fashion models of citizenship better suited to present problems and realities. In particular, this volume emphasizes the pluralization of identities and communities within states brought about by such forces as mass immigration, global communication, substate regionalism and more generally the fragmentation of modern notions of nation. The challenge is to devise forms of democracy and political identity adequate to those 'globalized' conditions.'
SELECTED LIST OF JOURNAL ARTICLES BY SUBJECT SÉLECTION D'ARTICLES DE REVUES CLASSÉS PAR SUJET ____________________________________________________________________________
ARAB-ISRAELI CONFLICT--1993---PEACE Gaza : Moving Forward by Pulling Back / by David Makovsky., 2005. (FOREIGN AFFAIRS, vol. 84, no. 3, May - June 2005, p. 52-62.) ID Number: JA021487 Type: ART Author(s): 1. Makovsky, David Despite widespread calls to rush to a final-status agreement between the Israelis and the Palestinians, it would be a mistake to reach for so much so soon. The parties must first restore trust after four and a half years of violence, above all by making sure that Israel's planned withdrawal from the Gaza Strip proceeds smoothly, leaving peace and security in its wake.
ARMS RACE--EAST ASIA East Asian Arms Races - and Cooperation / by Frank Umbach., 2005. (INTERNATIONALE POLITIK, vol. 6, no. 2, Summer 2005, p. 38-43.) ID Number: JA021522 Type: ART Author(s): 1. Umbach, Frank In the past decade global arms sales increased an average 3 percent but East Asian arms purchases shot up 22 percent. Yet collective security arrangements are also springing up. The policy balance is a tricky one.
ASIA, CENTRAL--FOREIGN RELATIONS Asie centrale : la poudriere, les allumettes et les apprentis sorciers / by Rene Cagnat., 2005. (DEFENSE NATIONALE, 61e annee, no. 5, mai 2005, p. 83-92.) ID Number: JA021515 Type: ART Author(s): 1. Cagnat, Rene Dans un precedent article, la collusion des puissances entourant l'Asie centrale - Russie, Chine et Iran - face a 'l'intrus americain' a ete decrite. Depuis, l'engagement limite, mais evident, des Etats-Unis en faveur de la revolution kirghize des tulipes vient d'indisposer encore plus les dictateurs locaux : qu'ils soient ouzbek, turkmene, tadjik ou kazakh, les despotes centre-asiatiques, qui se tournent de plus en plus vers Moscou, s'attendent desormais au pire de la part de Washington. Ils n'ont pas tort : l'inevitable effet 'domino', qui s'exercerait a partir d'une Kirghizie devenue democratique, risquerait de susciter au coeur de la region une explosion aux effets incalculables. Aussi, dans le cadre d'une exacerbation du 'Tres Grand Jeu', peut-on s'attendre, si le nouveau pouvoir a Bichkek joue la carte americaine ou ne controle pas la situation interieure, a l'instauration d'un veritable 'cordon sanitaire', y compris par la Chine, autour de la petite republique. L'installation d'une veritable democratie est-elle possible en Kirghizie alors que le grand vainqueur, a l'issue des recents evenements, n'est autre que la narcomafia qui etend son emprise sur le Sud du pays ?
BALLISTIC MISSILE DEFENSES--EUROPE Issues Influencing European and UK Attitudes to Missile Defence / by Michael Rance., 2005. (RUSI JOURNAL, vol. 150, no. 2, April 2005, p. 34-38.) ID Number: JA021535 Type: ART Author(s): 1. Rance, Michael This article examines the issues involved in the defence of Europe against ballistic missiles. It addresses the benefits and problems associated with providing a layered defence for Europe and examines in particular the boost phase options. The focus is on political and public issues rather than the purely technical.
BALTIC STATES--ECONOMIC CONDITIONS Les economies baltes : d'une Union a l'autre / by Emmanuel Mathias., 2005. (COURRIER DES PAYS DE L'EST, no. 1048, mars - avril 2005, p. 4-14.) ID Number: JA021531 Type: ART Author(s): 1. Mathias, Emmanuel Durant la periode sovietique, les economies baltes ont connu un niveau de developpement superieur a celui du reste de l'URSS. Ces pays servirent alors en quelque sorte de 'laboratoires' des reformes. Si nombre d'observateurs doutaient de ce que ces Etats puissent avoir un avenir hors de l'URSS, etant donne le degre eleve d'integration et de specialisation de leurs economies, ils ont ete dementis par les faits, puisque tous trois, devenus independents, ont parfaitement reussi le passage aux mecanismes du marche et l'ouverture sur d'autres regions.
BALTIC STATES--FOREIGN RELATIONS--RUSSIA (FEDERATION) Etats baltes - Russie : 1er mai 2004 - 9 mai 2005 : un authentique dialogue de sourds / by Celine Bayou., 2005. (COURRIER DES PAYS DE L'EST, no. 1048, mars - avril 2005, p. 15-29.) ID Number: JA021530 Type: ART Author(s): 1. Bayou, Celine Traditionnellement complexes, les relations balto-russes ont pris un caractere plus passionnel depuis l'adhesion de l'Estonie, de la Lettonie et de la Lituanie a l'Union europeenne, le 1er mai 2004, et a mesure que s'approche le 9 mai 2005, date a laquelle la Russie organise des commemorations a l'occasion du 60e anniversaire de la victoire sur l'Allemagne nazie. Si les protagonistes pensaient que l'adhesion des Baltes a l'UE et a l'OTAN apaiserait les tensions entre les premiers et la Russie, force est de reconnaitre que les problemes sont loin d'etre resolus. Ils revelent, pour la plupart, une instrumentalisation croissante de l'economie au profit d'interets politiques et l'europeanisation tres nette des differends opposant Baltes et Russes. Le debat sur les commemorations du 9 mai revele la profonde divergence dans l'analyse de l'histoire du XXe siecle qui, la encore, oppose Etats baltes et Russie : alors que les premiers souhaitent que cette derniere, en tant qu'Etat successeur de l'URSS, s'excuse pour les consequences de la Seconde Guerre mondiale et reconnaisse l'occupation sovietique, Moscou craint d'etre confronte a des demandes de compensations concernant la delimitation des frontieres. En un court laps de temps, les relations balto-russes semblent avoir abandonne un peu de leur rationalite politique et economique pour laisser place aux facteurs psychologiques qui, tout en permettant la mise a plat de sujets sensibles, eloignent toutefois les protagonistes de la mise en oeuvre de reelles 'relations de bon
BELGIUM--FOREIGN RELATIONS La Belgique et sa politique etrangere : 2002-2004., 2004. (STUDIA DIPLOMATICA, vol. 57, no. 3, 2004, numero entier.) ID Number: JA021514 Type: ART
BIOTERRORISM Bioterrorism : A Mutating Threat / by Andy Oppenheimer., 2005. (WORLD TODAY, vol. 61, no. 5, May 2005, p. 17-19.) ID Number: JA021471 Type: ART Author(s): 1. Oppenheimer, Andy
CZECH REPUBLIC--ARMED FORCES Czech Military Transformation : An Analysis / by Jiri Sedivy., 2005. (MILITARY TECHNOLOGY, vol. 29, no. 5, 2005, p. 33-40.) ID Number: JA021483 Type: ART Author(s): 1. Sedivy, Jiri On 21 December 2004, Czech Defence Minister Karel Kuhnl received a symbolic report on the last conscript to serve in the Czech Army (ACR). As of that moment, Prague could proudly announce that it was the second post-communist country after Hungary to have completed the switch to all-volunteer armed forces. But Czechs have more to be proud of in the defence field.
DARFUR (SUDAN)--HISTORY Genocide in Darfur / by Rainer Tetzlaff., 2005. (INTERNATIONALE POLITIK, vol. 6, no. 2, Summer 2005, p. 84-88.) ID Number: JA021526 Type: ART Author(s): 1. Tetzlaff, Rainer So far the butchery in Africa's longest civil war has claimed two to three million lives and displaced seven million from their homes. The basic conflict is between the Arab Sudanese government in Khartoum and the majority black African Sudanese. The US has called the slaughter of blacks by janjaweed militias genocide; the UN has called it today's worst humanitarian crisis. But far too little is being done to help the victims.
ECONOMIC POLICY--CORRUPT PRACTICES Corruption in Post-Communist Europe : Immorality Breeds Poverty / by Robert Zuzowski., 2005. (JOURNAL OF SOCIAL, POLITICAL AND ECONOMIC STUDIES, vol. 30, no. 1, Spring 2005, p. 9-40.) ID Number: JA021467 Type: ART Author(s): 1. Zuzowski, Robert Corruption plays a central role in many nations and even in some international institutions. In this article, the author reviews a vast literature, including empirical studies and perceptual surveys, relating to the existence, effects and causes of corruption, giving particular emphasis to the former Communist countries of Eastern Europe. He indicates that during the Cold War there was a taboo against discussing the subject, allegedly for fear of appearing
judgmental toward Third World peoples whose support was desired, but also because the West sought the support of the leaders of these countries on the international scene. He argues that corruption is a moral problem, and is not to be understood simply as economic maladjustment.
EU La Constitution europeenne ou le grand ecart / by Gabriel Robin., 2005. (DEFENSE NATIONALE, 61e annee, no. 5, mai 2005, p. 24-32.) ID Number: JA021519 Type: ART Author(s): 1. Robin, Gabriel De Maastricht a Amsterdam et de Nice a Rome, la construction europeenne ne cesse de gagner en hauteur : elle augmente le nombre de ses membres et accroit l'etendue de ses competences. De plus en plus eloignee de sa base de depart, et de plus en plus etrangere au monde nouveau ou elle grandit, elle est condamnee a pratiquer le grand ecart. La coiffer d'une Constitution en guise de clef de voute a moins de chance de la verrouiller que d'en precipiter la chute.
EU--CROATIA Croatia in the New Millennium : Toward EU and NATO Membership / by Ivo Sanader., 2005. (MEDITERRANEAN QUARTERLY, vol. 16, no. 1, Winter 2005, p. 4-10.) ID Number: JA021508 Type: ART Author(s): 1. Sanader, Ivo
EU--ENLARGEMENT--PUBLIC OPINION Les opinions publiques en Europe centrale : sur l'Union europeenne, avant et apres l'adhesion / by Laure Neumayer., 2005. (COURRIER DES PAYS DE L'EST, no. 1048, mars - avril 2005, p. 74-87.) ID Number: JA021528 Type: ART Author(s): 1. Neumayer, Laure Les sondages realises en mai 2003 et octobre 2004 dans les nouveaux pays membres centre europeens de l'Union europeenne ne temoignent d'aucun bouleversement general des opinions publiques lors du passage du seuil symbolique de l'adhesion le 1er mai 2004. Ils soulignent en premier lieu la persistance d'evaluations specifiques de l'adhesion dans chaque pays. Sur les questions liees a l'avenir de l'UE, l'enthousiasme marque pour le developpement d'une politique etrangere et de securite commune contraste avec le faible interet pour l'introduction future de l'euro en Europe centrale. Des differences apparaissent entre nouveaux et anciens membres de l'Union au sujet de l'adoption d'une Constitution pour l'UE, qui suscite un peu plus d'indifference dans les pays entrants que dans les Etats membres de plus longue date. Enfin, ces enquetes illustrent la stabilite des clivages socio-demographiques au sujet de l'integration europeenne qui sont apparus en Europe centrale au cours des annees 1990.
EU--ESDP Defense europeenne : quelles perspectives ? / by Hubert Haenel., 2005. (DEFENSE NATIONALE, 61e annee, no. 5, mai 2005, p. 9-16.) ID Number: JA021517 Type: ART Author(s): 1. Haenel, Hubert La defense est l'un des domaines ou l'Europe a le plus progresse au cours des dernieres annees. Le Traite constitutionnel poursuit cette evolution et ouvre de nouvelles perspectives. Le developpement de cette Europe de la defense ne signifie pas que l'armee ne trouve plus sa legitimite dans la Nation, car il n'y a pas de contradiction entre la Nation et l'Europe.
EU--FOREIGN RELATIONS Beyond Enlargement : The European Neighbourhood Policy and its Tools / by Rosa Balfour, Alessandro Rotta., 2005. (INTERNATIONAL SPECTATOR, vol. 40, no. 1, January - March 2005, p. 7-20.) ID Number: JA021473 Type: ART Author(s): 1. Balfour, Rosa 2. Rotta, Alessandro The authors examine here the European Neighbourhood Policy's tools. They argue that the main innovations of the ENP lie in its methodology and instruments. In particular, the differentiated ENP Action Plans should allow the EU to make more careful use of political conditionality, rewarding neighbour countries that make progress along the path of reform. At the same time, the new European Neighbourhood and Partnership Instrument (ENPI) should overcome the rigid distinction between the internal and foreign policy domain, allowing the EU to see the new borders as an opportunity for cooperation rather than a barrier. Nevertheless, according to the authors, whether and to what extent engagement and political conditionality will be sufficient to address the root causes of instability and promote reforms in the neighbouring countries remains an open question. The Security Dimension of the European Neighbourhood Policy / by Dov Lynch., 2005. (INTERNATIONAL SPECTATOR, vol. 40, no. 1, January - March 2005, p. 33-43.) ID Number: JA021475 Type: ART Author(s): 1. Lynch, Dov The author addresses security-related aspects of the European Neighbourhood Policy. In particular, he analyses the specific security concerns raised by the countries included in the first wave of ENP Action Plans (in particular Moldova), those in the neighbourhood that are not yet part of ENP (Belarus) and those that have refused to join it (Russia). The author concludes that although the EU has at the declaratory level recognised the role of healthy security sector governance in ensuring the structural stability of states, in practice it has only provided its neighbours with support on an episodic basis. He therefore calls on the EU to make security sector governance a major plank in the promotion of security and stability on its borders.
Does the ENP Respond to the EU's Post-Enlargement Challenges ? / by Nathalie Tocci., 2005. (INTERNATIONAL SPECTATOR, vol. 40, no. 1, January - March 2005, p. 21-32.) ID Number: JA021474 Type: ART Author(s): 1. Tocci, Nathalie The author investigates how the new ENP responds to the challenges posed to the European Union by its southern and eastern neighbours. She argues that, while this policy can serve to address the immediate challenges arising from new dividing lines in Europe, it fails to draw sufficiently from the lessons of past and present external policies. In particular, the absence of the prospect of EU membership and the lack of adequate incentives for the neighbour countries to undertake a difficult and costly process of internal reform and harmonisation with the EU acquis could undermine the policy's effectiveness. Such a failure could in turn have an impact on the EU's credibility in the region.
EU--RUSSIA (FEDERATION) A Riddle Inside an Enigma : Unwrapping the EU-Russia Strategic Partnership / by Fabrizio Tassinari., 2005. (INTERNATIONAL SPECTATOR, vol. 40, no. 1, January - March 2005, p. 45-57.) ID Number: JA021476 Type: ART Author(s): 1. Tassinari, Fabrizio The author critically assesses the occurrences that contributed to determining a low in EU-Russia bilateral relations in 2004. Going over the four common spaces agreed upon at the May 2003 St. Petersburg Summit and the existing political and administrative inadequacies, the author concludes that, in order to enhance their elusive strategic partnership, the EU and Russia must, among other things, treat each others as equals, be less enigmatic and more consistent in their bilateral relations, and pursue good neighbourly relations.
EUROPE, SOUTHEASTERN--NATIONAL SECURITY The Black Sea Region in an Enlarged Europe : Changing Patterns, Changing Politics / by George Cristian Maior, Mihaela Matei., 2005. (MEDITERRANEAN QUARTERLY, vol. 16, no. 1, Winter 2005, p. 33-51.) ID Number: JA021510 Type: ART Author(s): 1. Maior, George Cristian 2. Matei, Mihaela
EUROPE--FOREIGN RELATIONS--MIDDLE EAST Un engrenage de crise transatlantique au Proche et Moyen-Orient / by Benedicte Suzan., 2005. (DEFENSE NATIONALE, 61e annee, no. 5, mai 2005, p. 61-75.) ID Number: JA021516 Type: ART Author(s): 1. Suzan, Benedicte A l'occasion de la guerre en Irak, la profondeur du divorce strategique qui sous-tend les relations transatlantiques depuis la fin de la guerre froide a provoque une rupture majeure entre les allies. Et si, pour tous les protagonistes, l'annee 2005 doit etre celle de la reconciliation, les dissensions qui persistent autour de la gestion de l'instabilite du Proche et Moyen-Orient demontrent des tendances
lourdes. Elles nourrissent un engrenage de crises transatlantiques.
EUROPEAN CONSTITUTION What If the British Vote No ? / by Charles Grant., 2005. (FOREIGN AFFAIRS, vol. 84, no. 3, May - June 2005, p. 86-97.) ID Number: JA021490 Type: ART Author(s): 1. Grant, Charles If ratified, the new EU constitution will change the way the union works. It cannot take effect unless approved by all 25 members, but in only one country - the United Kingdom - do polls show that a majority oppose the document. Still, a rejection there would throw Europe into a constitutional crisis. And it could ultimately harm transatlantic relations as well. Une puissance inedite au service de la paix / by Alain Lamassoure., 2005. (DEFENSE NATIONALE, 61e annee, no. 5, mai 2005, p. 17-23.) ID Number: JA021518 Type: ART Author(s): 1. Lamassoure, Alain L'Union europeenne s'est construite sur le refus de la haine. Avec l'adoption du Traite constitutionnel, l'UE, qui aura son president elu, deviendra un acteur international, maitre des arts de la paix. Appelee a jouer un role majeur dans la securite internationale, il lui appartiendra d'apporter des reponses aux problemes nouveaux auxquels le monde d'aujourd'hui est confronte.
EXCLAVES--RUSSIA (FEDERATION) Kaliningrad, otage geopolitique de la Russie : un point de vue lituanien / by Ramundas Lopata., 2005. (COURRIER DES PAYS DE L'EST, no. 1048, mars - avril 2005, p. 30-39.) ID Number: JA021529 Type: ART Author(s): 1. Lopata, Ramundas Depuis quinze ans, les discussions qui touchent a la region russe de Kaliningrad (entre Pologne et Lituanie) temoignent de la specificite de ce territoire, la question posee etant celle de son role dans la politique interieure et exterieure de la Russie. La Russie rencontre une certaine difficulte a definir cette anomalie territoriale, designee tantot enclave, tantot exclave. Brouillant les cartes, le Kremlin semble, en fait, poursuivre simultanement deux strategies a l'egard de Kaliningrad : en faire une forteresse militaire et/ou l'utiliser comme une plate-forme experimentale des reformes economiques. Mais, indeniablement, la politique de Moscou est d'instrumentaliser la region afin de servir ses interets de grande puissance : en voulant asseoir sa souverainete sur Kaliningrad, il a, selon l'auteur, transforme l'enclave en otage geopolitique. Que ce soit dans la maniere dont elle a ete utilisee par Moscou pour tenter d'entraver l'elargissement de l'OTAN, dans la facon dont elle a ete impliquee dans le projet de creation d'une zone economique speciale, ou dans son utilisation lors du debat sur les conditions et consequences pour la Russie de l'elargissement de l'Union europeenne, cette strategie de l'otage a ete systematiquement - avec ou sans succes - pratiquee.
FRANCE--FOREIGN RELATIONS Multilateralism, Multipolarity, and Regionalism : The French Foreign Policy Discourse / by Norman Bowen., 2005. (MEDITERRANEAN QUARTERLY, vol. 16, no. 1, Winter 2005, p. 94-116.) ID Number: JA021513 Type: ART Author(s): 1. Bowen, Norman
GLOBAL POSITIONING SYSTEM Toward a European Space Force / by Matthew Mowthorpe., 2005. (JOURNAL OF SOCIAL, POLITICAL AND ECONOMIC STUDIES, vol. 30, no. 1, Spring 2005, p. 3-7.) ID Number: JA021466 Type: ART Author(s): 1. Mowthorpe, Matthew Europe is seeking to increase its independence in the realm of military space. In order to meet this aspiration, Europe is reassessing its space assets requirements and has decided to acquire an independent navigation positioning system in the form of the Galileo project, as well as reconnaissance assets under the Global Monitoring for Environment and Security (GMES) system. These two systems are deemed enough to enable Europe to be self-sufficient in the realm of space. However, the United States has raised concern over Europe's Galileo system. This article examines these two systems along with the potential competition between the United States and Europe regarding future development of a reusable space launch vehicle.
GREECE--FOREIGN RELATIONS Greek Foreign Policy for the Twenty-First Century / by Petros Molyviatis., 2005. (MEDITERRANEAN QUARTERLY, vol. 16, no. 1, Winter 2005, p. 11-15.) ID Number: JA021509 Type: ART Author(s): 1. Molyviatis, Petros
HUMAN SECURITY Human Security : Relevance and Implications / by Dan Henk., 2005. (PARAMETERS, vol. 35, no. 2, Summer 2005, p. 91-106.) ID Number: JA021493 Type: ART Author(s): 1. Henk, Dan The author provides us with an examination of the phenomenon of 'human security'. Analyzing the various definitions and connotations associated with the phrase, he determines that a 'slippery range of alternative definitions' have hindered the success of the concept. The author postulates that the success the human security model experienced in the 1990s marked the greatest single triumph for proponents advocating greater understanding and acceptance in the wake of the Cold War. It was in fact this success that led to a proliferation of different approaches and models. The author goes on to analyze the human security paradigm over time and concludes the concept does have utility as an analytical tool or prescription for solving many of the crises facing fractured, conflicted societies in the 21st century.
HUMANITARIAN ASSISTANCE Prioritizing Humanitarian Assistance in a Complex Emergency : A Decision Method for Military Forces / by Sebastiaan J. H. Reitens... [et al.]., 2004. (LOW INTENSITY CONFLICT & LAW ENFORCEMENT, vol. 12, no. 3, Autumn 2004, p. 99-121.) ID Number: JA021481 Type: ART Author(s): 1. Reitens, Sebastiaan J. H. 2. Boer, Sirp J. De 3. Voordijk, Hans T. The article develops a decision support model for a military commander who has to determine what humanitarian assistance will be provided in cooperation with which civil organizations in peacekeeping situations. After an investigation of the current methods decision theory was used to develop an initial decision method, consisting of consecutive steps to inventory potential humanitarian tasks, to identify attributes to evaluate these tasks, and to actually prioritize the selected tasks using an extensive scorecard. The initial decision method and its tools were reviewed in-depth in a series of expert interviews, resulting in an improved decision method.
INTELLIGENCE SERVICE Warning of Terror : Explaining the Failure of Intelligence Against Terrorism / by Erik J. Dahl., 2005. (JOURNAL OF STRATEGIC STUDIES, vol. 28, no. 1, February 2005, p. 31-55.) ID Number: JA021497 Type: ART Author(s): 1. Dahl, Erik J. Many scholars and analysts have studied intelligence failure and surprise and developed theories to explain disasters as the attack on Pearl Harbor. Others, especially since the 9/11 attacks, have examined the rising threat of terrorism and see it as posing a particularly difficult challenge for the intelligence community. But little work has been done to integrate the earlier literature on intelligence failure with the newer threat of terrorist attack. This article attempts such an integration, by examining the bombing of the US Marine Barracks in Beirut in 1983; it concludes that most studies of the Beirut bombing are mistaken in their assessment of the role played by intelligence in that disaster, and suggests that our understanding of intelligence failure against surprise attacks needs to be revised in the age of terrorism.
IRAQ WAR, 2003 Iraq : Lessons to be Learned / by Peter Faber, Carlo Masala., 2005. (INTERNATIONALE POLITIK, vol. 6, no. 2, Summer 2005, p. 74-77.) ID Number: JA021524 Type: ART Author(s): 1. Faber, Peter 2. Masala, Carlo Two years after the start of the Iraq war, it's time for NATO to draw some conclusions about the way this conflict and its aftermath were managed. Pre-war judgments are not omniscient. Strategic intelligence that is instrumentalized can be dangerously misleading. Dismantling a state leaves a vacuum that other forces will fill. Defense ministries are better at fighting than at planning postwar occupation.
IRAQ WAR, 2003--GREAT BRITAIN British Election and the Middle East : Paying the Price / by Rosemary Hollis., 2005. (WORLD TODAY, vol. 61, no. 5, May 2005, p. 12-14.) ID Number: JA021470 Type: ART Author(s): 1. Hollis, Rosemary As an election issue, Iraq is neither finished business nor just about trust. It's about how policy is framed; parliamentary democracy, cabinet responsibility and the international rule of law. Britain's international position has been changed too, putting at risk influence, commerce and even lives.
IRAQ--POLITICS AND GOVERNMENT Ismail Abdullah's Barbershop / by Christoph Reuter., 2005. (INTERNATIONALE POLITIK, vol. 6, no. 2, Summer 2005, p. 68-73.) ID Number: JA021523 Type: ART Author(s): 1. Reuter, Christoph Two cheers for the election and Iraqization - but what's next ?
ISRAEL--MILITARY POLICY Der Tag danach : Wie man Israel ohne die besetzten Gebiete verteidigt / by Martin van Creveld., 2005. (OSTERREICHISCHE MILITARISCHE ZEITSCHRIFT, 43. Jg., Heft 3, Mai Juni 2005, S. 291-300.) ID Number: JA021479 Type: ART Author(s): 1. Creveld, Martin van For Israel the occupation of the Gaza Strip and of the West Bank has grown to become an open sore which not only undermines the morals of its citizens but also ties up valuable resources. The argument that Israel needs the Occupied Territories in order to have strategic depth has not been counting any longer for a long time. Compared with 1967 and 1973 when Israel was opposed by Arabian forces two and a half times stronger, today the balance of power has shifted in favour of Israel. Israel's defence will not be cheap, of course; on the contrary, innovative solutions will be required which will challenge both political leaders and the armed forces and the armaments industry.
LEBANON--FOREIGN RELATIONS--SYRIA The Autumn of the Autocrats / by Fouad Ajami., 2005. (FOREIGN AFFAIRS, vol. 84, no. 3, May - June 2005, p. 20-35.) ID Number: JA021486 Type: ART Author(s): 1. Ajami, Fouad If the assassins of former Lebanese Prime Minister Rafiq Hariri sought to make an example of him for his defiance of Syria, the aftermath of the crime has mocked them. For a generation, Lebanon was an appendage of Syrian power. But now the Lebanese people, in an 'independence intifada' are clamoring for a return to normalcy. The old Arab edifice of power has survived many challenges in the past, but something is different this time : the United States is now willing to gamble on freedom.
MASS MEDIA AND WAR War Policy, Public Support, and the Media / by William M. Darley., 2005. (PARAMETERS, vol. 35, no. 2, Summer 2005, p. 121-134.) ID Number: JA021495 Type: ART Author(s): 1. Darley, William M. The author presents an insightful, unemotional analysis of the debate concerning the role and influence of the news media in determining public opinion and national policy. The author reviews the history of this relationship from the Korean Conflict to Operation Iraqi Freedom, with emphasis on press reporting, public opinion, and war policy. He uses numerous polls, historical examples, and an enormous amount of research to support the thesis that there is little credible evidence to establish any causal relationship between the so-called bias and slanting of media coverage and public opinion in time of war. He concludes that the real challenge for policymakers is to understand that the perceptions the media generate are 'ephemeral and transitory'. The most important contribution the media can make in formulating public support in time of conflict lies in its articulation of bold and clear policy statements that are directly translatable into decisive military action.
NATION BUILDING The Seven Pillars of State-Building / by John C. Hulsman., 2005. (INTERNATIONALE POLITIK, vol. 6, no. 2, Summer 2005, p. 78-82.) ID Number: JA021525 Type: ART Author(s): 1. Hulsman, John C. Lawrence of Arabia was no ivory tower theorizer, but an on-the-ground practitioner of politics and warfare. His and Emir Feisal's force of 3000 pinned down 50,000 Turks. We could do worse than following his example as we try to do 21st-century state-building around the world.
NATO Where Is NATO Going ?., 2004. (CONTEMPORARY SECURITY POLICY, vol. 25, no. 3, December 2004, Special Issue.) ID Number: JA021499 Type: ART NATO : Globalization or Redundancy ? / by Andrew Cottey., 2004. (CONTEMPORARY SECURITY POLICY, vol. 25, no. 3, December 2004, p. 391-408.) ID Number: JA021506 Type: ART Author(s): 1. Cottey, Andrew After its remarkable transformation from Cold War defence alliance to pan-European security organization in the 1990s, NATO in the post-11 September world once again faces an existential crisis. The combination of new global security challenges, the achievement of much of NATO's historic mission in Europe and increasing unilateralism in US foreign policy calls the alliance's future into doubt. Some analysts suggest that NATO must either respond to the new security challenges by developing a global role or face redundancy. NATO has begun to move down the former road by taking over the peacekeeping mission in Afghanistan and offering a new partnership to the countries of the Middle East, but there are likely to be significant constraints on the alliance's ability to develop new global roles. While NATO will continue to serve a number of functions, it is now simply one security institution among many rather than the pre-eminent security
institution and symbol of the West that it once was. NATO Transformation and Challenges / by James Jones., 2005. (RUSI JOURNAL, vol. 150, no. 2, April 2005, p. 14-18.) ID Number: JA021534 Type: ART Author(s): 1. Jones, James Capabilities Traps and Gaps : Symptom or Cause of a Troubled Transatlantic Relationship ? / by James Sperling., 2004. (CONTEMPORARY SECURITY POLICY, vol. 25, no. 3, December 2004, p. 452-478.) ID Number: JA021503 Type: ART Author(s): 1. Sperling, James The identification of critical capabilities shortfalls has elicited substantially different 'to do' lists in NATO, the European Union, and national defence ministry policies and initiatives. Moreover, these capabilities shortfalls have proven to be moving targets, particularly since American military primacy allows the United States to define the terms of the capabilities debate. The emerging transformation of American armed forces has aggravated the pre-existing 'capabilities gaps'. An important question arises : do these gaps represent the continuation of free-riding within the alliance or reflect a more fundamental divergence between the strategic cultures and practice of statecraft in the United States and in Europe ? NATO's future may depend upon whether those gaps represent different understandings of security in the post-Cold War world, and upon whether the capabilities debate reflects a set of capability gaps that need to be redressed or a set of capability traps to which the Europeans have fallen prey.
NATO--ARMED FORCES The NATO Rapid Deployment Corps : Alliance Doctrine and Force Structure / by John R. Deni., 2004. (CONTEMPORARY SECURITY POLICY, vol. 25, no. 3, December 2004, p. 498-523.) ID Number: JA021502 Type: ART Author(s): 1. Deni, John R. Why did it take NATO until 2002 to implement many of the force structure changes its grand strategy called for in 1991 ? And once it did make the changes, why did they differ from what the alliance said it needed ? The story of how the 'most successful alliance in history' stumbled its way to what are today known as the NATO Rapid Deployment Corps (NRDCs) provides valuable lessons in understanding how the alliance plans and manages change while shedding light on the ongoing academic debate over the sources of military doctrine and force structure. Commonly employed models for explaining doctrine and force structure outcomes - threat-based models, organizational behaviour models and bureaucratic politics models - cannot independently explain this case. Rather, a combination of models provides the most explanatory power. Threat-based models explain the initiation of a doctrine and force structure review, but then organizational and bureaucratic models best explain NATO's doctrinal and force structure process and outcomes. By utilizing a combination of models, we can better understand how and why NATO changed its doctrine and force structure in the first decade of the twenty-first century. We can also contemplate NATO's ability and willingness to respond to future watershed changes in international security such as the fight against terrorism.
NATO--EU NATO, the EU and ESDP : An Emerging Division of Labour ? / by Richard G. Whitman., 2004. (CONTEMPORARY SECURITY POLICY, vol. 25, no. 3, December 2004, p. 430-451.) ID Number: JA021504 Type: ART Author(s): 1. Whitman, Richard G. The security landscape in Europe since the end of the Cold War has been marked by the dominance of NATO as the sole credible structure for military security. The situation is undergoing a transformation. There is now the existence of an embryonic division of labour between the European Union, through its ESDP, and NATO. To understand how this situation has arisen requires an understanding of the manner in which the EU has developed a military security identity and this article commences by examining the recent historical development of the ESDP. The article then proceeds to identify the nature of the emerging division of labour between the EU/ESDP and NATO. The examination is structured by identifying four sets of reasons behind the development of the emergent division of labour : the development of an EU consensus on military security; the 'new' NATO dynamic; atrophy in transatlantic relations; and finally, operational developments.
NATO--RUSSIA (FEDERATION) NATO-Russia Relations : Present and Future / by Dimitry Polikanov., 2004. (CONTEMPORARY SECURITY POLICY, vol. 25, no. 3, December 2004, p. 479-497.) ID Number: JA021500 Type: ART Author(s): 1. Polikanov, Dimitry NATO relations with Russia have seemed to develop in ups and downs throughout their entire history. But even at the stages of cooperation they have followed the 'one step forward, two steps back' formula. Moscow's relations with the alliance have always been hostage to inner processes of transformation of both parties, the micro-vectors of which have not necessarily coincided all the time. This article analyses the principal differences between Russia and NATO in the recent past and lessons learnt from these contradictions. It then characterizes the current status of relations and the impediments to deeper cooperation, including lack of trust and interoperability. As for the future, the author maintains that NATO-Russia relations have reached a certain ceiling and may stay like this for years, unless the parties break through this roof of inherited insults, lack of confidence, complacency and obsession with their own inner developments. Only this will help them to meet together the security challenges of the twenty-first century.
NUCLEAR NONPROLIFERATION NPT 2005 : Can It Meet the Nuclear Challenge ? / by Jean du Preez., 2005. (ARMS CONTROL TODAY, vol. 35, no. 3, April 2005, p. 6-12.) ID Number: JA021532 Type: ART Author(s): 1. Preez, Jean du When the NPT states-parties meet in New York in May at the 2005 Review Conference, they will be confronted with the most difficult challenges the NPT has ever faced. Tackling these problems requires that states-parties, individually and collectively, muster the political will to implement all their obligations under the treaty. The review conference can play an important role in this process by turning the
spotlight on today's nonproliferation and disarmament challenges and identifying collective and national responses to deal with them.
NUCLEAR WEAPONS--GREAT BRITAIN British Nuclear Forces : The Decision that Dares not Speak its Name / by Christopher Bellamy., 2005. (WORLD TODAY, vol. 61, no. 5, May 2005, p. 10-11.) ID Number: JA021469 Type: ART Author(s): 1. Bellamy, Christopher There are tough foreign policy choices ahead for the new British Government, to be elected this month. The dilemma over Europe is well known; almost unnoticed, especially in campaigning for votes, is the potentially explosive and expensive issue of replacing or updating the country's nuclear deterrent. Ironically one of the first negotiations for new ministers will be the nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty review conference, also beginning this month.
NUCLEAR WEAPONS--NATO To Neither Use Them nor Loose Them : NATO and Nuclear Weapons since the Cold War / by Martin A. Smith., 2004. (CONTEMPORARY SECURITY POLICY, vol. 25, no. 3, December 2004, p. 524-544.) ID Number: JA021501 Type: ART Author(s): 1. Smith, Martin A. After having been at the forefront of NATO strategy, policy and controversy during most of the Cold War period, nuclear weapons appeared to have faded almost completely from the scene by the end of the 1990s. Notwithstanding this perception, it is argued in this article that, despite being greatly reduced in numbers, they have continued to fulfil a number of key roles for NATO member states. The main factors identified and discussed in this context are : the role of nuclear weapons in underpinning the 'transatlantic community'; residual concerns about Russia; and the alleged role played by NATO nuclear deployments in discouraging nuclear proliferation in Europe and on its periphery. Although not certain to survive future changes in policy by NATO's leading members, taken together these roles add up to a more complex and significant rationale for maintaining a residual NATO nuclear dimension in Europe than is often realized.
NUCLEAR WEAPONS--USA Apocalypse Soon / by Robert S. MacNamara., 2005. (FOREIGN POLICY, no. 148, May - June 2005, p. 28-35.) ID Number: JA021521 Type: ART Author(s): 1. MacNamara, Robert S. For more than 40 years, Robert McNamara has worked on US nuclear strategy and war plans. As secretary of defense, his counsel helped the Kennedy administration avert a nuclear catastrophe during the Cuban Missile Crisis. Today, he believes the United States must no longer rely on nuclear weapons as a foreign-policy tool. To do so is immoral, illegal, and dreadfully dangerous.
NUCLEAR-WEAPON-FREE ZONES Negative Security Assurances : Revisiting the Nuclear-Weapon-Free-Zone Option / by Leonard S. Spector, Aubrie Ohlde., 2005. (ARMS CONTROL TODAY, vol. 35, no. 3, April 2005, p. 13-19.) ID Number: JA021533 Type: ART Author(s): 1. Spector, Leonard S. 2. Ohlde, Aubrie Negative security assurances are commitments by the nuclear-weapon states not to use or threaten to use nuclear weapons against those states that have formally renounced such arms. Non-nuclear-weapon states may want to revisit one approach for gaining these commitments - membership in nuclear-weapon-free zones.
PALESTINE--ELECTIONS Old Challenges for New Leaderships : The Palestinian Elections in Perspective / by Margret Johannsen., 2005. (INTERNATIONAL SPECTATOR, vol. 40, no. 1, January - March 2005, p. 107-117.) ID Number: JA021478 Type: ART Author(s): 1. Johannsen, Margret The article discusses the elections at various levels now being held in the Occupied Territories. After surveying the results, the author argues that newly elected Palestinian President Abbas' mandate to act decisively against a renewal of the armed opposition will only translate into progress on the peace front if there is a corresponding resolve and capability on the Israeli side to deliver. Considering the conflicting time schedules and priorities of the Israeli prime minister and the Palestinian president, it is doubtful that a viable two-state solution can be salvaged without the international community, and above all the US, investing considerable political capital.
PEACEKEEPING FORCES Interstate Peacekeeping : Causal Mechanisms and Empirical Effects / by Virginia Page Fortna., 2004. (WORLD POLITICS, vol. 56, no. 4, July 2004, p. 481-519.) ID Number: JA021498 Type: ART Author(s): 1. Fortna, Virginia Page Peacekeeping is perhaps the international community's most important tool for maintaining peace in the aftermath of war. Its practice has evolved significantly in the past ten or fifteen years as it has been used increasingly in civil wars. However, traditional peacekeeping between states is not well understood. Its operation is undertheorized and its effects undertested. This article explores the causal mechanisms through which peacekeepers keep peace and examines its empirical effects after interstate wars. To take the endogeneity of peacekeeping into account, it also examines where peacekeepers tend to be deployed. Duration analysis shows that, all else equal, peacekeeping significantly increases the chances that peace will last. Peacekeepers can help adversaries to maintain peace by making surprise attack more difficult, by reducing uncertainty about enemy intentions, and by preventing and controlling accidents and incidents that can spiral back to war.
PREEMPTIVE ATTACK (MILITARY SCIENCE) Preemption and the Evolution of America's Strategic Defense / by Harry S. Laver., 2005. (PARAMETERS, vol. 35, no. 2, Summer 2005, p. 107-120.) ID Number: JA021494 Type: ART Author(s): 1. Laver, Harry S. The author raises the possibility that America may need to reexamine its national security strategy. He specifically examines the doctrine of preemption and its associated challenges. His analysis reveals that the way forward in terms of a national security strategy based on preemption is not necessarily clear. He cautions that whatever national strategy Americans determine to be in their best interest, the administration that executes it will require the utmost in intelligence and analysis from its national security team, along with as much international support as it might garner.
SELF-DEFENSE (INTERNATIONAL LAW) Right of Self-Defense and Security Imperatives / by Leonid Skotnikov., 2004. (INTERNATIONAL AFFAIRS (Minneapolis), vol. 50, no. 6, 2004, p. 13-21.) ID Number: JA021536 Type: ART Author(s): 1. Skotnikov, Leonid
SEPTEMBER 11 TERRORIST ATTACKS, 2001 Missed Opportunities : The 9/11 Commission Report and US Foreign Policy / by Ted Galen Carpenter., 2005. (MEDITERRANEAN QUARTERLY, vol. 16, no. 1, Winter 2005, p. 52-61.) ID Number: JA021511 Type: ART Author(s): 1. Carpenter, Ted Galen The National Commission on Terrorist Attacks upon the United States (better known as the 9/11 Commission) released its report to much media fanfare in late July 2004. Most of the media and public scrutiny of the report focused on the recommendations for bureaucratic reform especially the proposal to create a Cabinet-level intelligence czar to bring more order to the disparate components of the US intelligence community. The most serious deficiency in the report, though, has nothing to do with the analysis of intelligence and law-enforcement failures before 11 September or with the dubious nature of some of the proposed reforms. Rather, it was the failure of the commission to adequately address the most crucial foreign policy issues pertaining to the threat that radical Islamic terrorism poses to the security of the American people.
TERRORISM Herausforderung Terrorismus / by Dirk Freudenberg., 2005. (OSTERREICHISCHE MILITARISCHE ZEITSCHRIFT, 43. Jg., Heft 3, Mai Juni 2005, S. 301-312.) ID Number: JA021480 Type: ART Author(s): 1. Freudenberg, Dirk
TERRORISM--FINANCE Terrorist Finance : On the Money Trail / by Robert Hall., 2005. (WORLD TODAY, vol. 61, no. 5, May 2005, p. 20-22.) ID Number: JA021472 Type: ART Author(s): 1. Hall, Robert Anyone trying to open a new bank account comes face to face with regulations introduced to make it difficult for terrorists to finance their operations. But these new measures seem to be producing limited returns and creating their own difficulties. Finding terrorists' funds calls for careful targeting and better coordination. The Business of Terror / by Jodi M. Vittori., 2005. (INTERNATIONALE POLITIK, vol. 6, no. 2, Summer 2005, p. 89-93.) ID Number: JA021527 Type: ART Author(s): 1. Vittori, Jodi M. Millionaire Osama bin Laden might not seem to face problems of revenues and cash flows in financing al Qaeda terrorism. But like any other multinational corporation, al Qaeda has to manage money efficiently in its worldwide operations. One of the ways to thwart terrorist attacks, then, is to curb the money laundering and other sources of illicit funds that make bombings possible.
TERRORISM--GOVERNMENT POLICY Military Ethics of Fighting Terror : An Israeli Perspective / by Asa Kasher, Amos Yadlin., 2005. (JOURNAL OF MILITARY ETHICS, vol. 4, no. 1, 2005, p. 3-32.) ID Number: JA021468 Type: ART Author(s): 1. Kasher, Asa 2. Yadlin, Amos This paper is devoted to a detailed presentation of a new Military Ethics doctrine of fighting terror. It is proposed as an extension of the classical Just War Theory, which has been meant to apply to ordinary international conflicts. Since the conditions of a fight against terror are essentially different from the conditions that are assumed to hold in the classical war (military) paradigm or in the law enforcement (police) paradigm, a third model is needed. The paper proposes such a model in the form of principles that should govern the activity of a democratic state when faced with terror. Eleven principles are proposed. Two are on the level of the state, including the Principle of Self-Defense Duty. Six are related to military preventive acts against activities of terror, including new formulations of a Principle of Military Necessity, a Principle of Distinction, and a Principle of Military Proportionality. Principles of Low Probabilities, Time Span Considerations and Professional Understanding are also included. Finally, three principles that are related to consciousness-directed activities against terror are added : a Principle of Permanent Notice, a Principle of Compensation, and a Principle of Operational Deterrence. The exposition of the principles is accompanied by arguments about their moral justification. The doctrine has been developed on the background of the IDF fight against acts and activities of terror performed by Palestinian individuals and organizations.
TERRORISM--GOVERNMENT POLICY--NATO 'The War on Terrorism would not be Possible without NATO' : A Critique / by David Brown., 2004. (CONTEMPORARY SECURITY POLICY, vol. 25, no. 3, December 2004, p. 409-429.) ID Number: JA021505 Type: ART Author(s): 1. Brown, David This article questions prevailing assumptions regarding the efficacy of NATO as a vehicle for waging the US-declared 'war on terror'. It begins by critically assessing the evolution to date of NATO's involvement in this 'war', with a particular focus on the post-11 September interventions in Afghanistan and Iraq. Having placed NATO's actions within this empirical framework, the article expands its focus to consider a series of proposals, both military and political, that could, it has been suggested, form the foundation of NATO's future counter-terrorist agenda. The article concludes by suggesting that, far from being essential to the war on terror, NATO risks its own vitality in the medium-to-long-term by attempting to involve itself in areas where it has nothing of real value to offer.
TERRORISM--LAW AND LEGISLATION Rescuing the Law of War : A Way Forward in an Era of Global Terrorism / by Michael H. Hoffman., 2005. (PARAMETERS, vol. 35, no. 2, Summer 2005, p. 18-35.) ID Number: JA021492 Type: ART Author(s): 1. Hoffman, Michael H. The author outlines a new perspective on how the law of war might apply to terrorist activities. He adroitly points out that existing treaties and conventions provide only a limited ability to respond with military force to such acts (or threats). He provides a solution to this conundrum based on a determination of 'combatant status'. The author concludes that America's long record of legal practices associated with the prosecution of 'unlawful belligerents' is more than sufficient for developing a legal framework to prosecute terrorists.
TERRORISM--SPAIN Mapping Jihadist Terrorism in Spain / by Javier Jordan, Nicola Horsburgh., 2005. (STUDIES IN CONFLICT AND TERRORISM, vol. 28, no. 3, May - June 2005, p. 169-191.) ID Number: JA021496 Type: ART Author(s): 1. Jordan, Javier 2. Horsburgh, Nicola The presence of radical Islamic networks in Spain can be traced back a decade prior to the attacks on Madrid in March 2004. This article intends to offer a panoramic view of the different groups that compose the Jihadist map in Spain. The activities, general profile of the members, and major structural characteristics of these networks are described. Ultimately, factors that could influence the future evolution of this phenomenon are outlined.
TURKEY--FOREIGN RELATIONS--ARAB COUNTRIES Turkey and the Arab World : Historical Narratives and New Political Realities / by Dietrich Jung., 2005. (MEDITERRANEAN POLITICS, vol. 10, no. 1, March 2005, p. 1-15.) ID Number: JA021507 Type: ART Author(s): 1. Jung, Dietrich Focusing on Turkish-Arab relations, this article examines the origins of Turkey's negative image in the Middle East. In particular it sheds some light on the complex interplay of actions and perceptions that is behind this image and the way in which geostrategic constraints and stereotypical images have reinforced each other. The study argues that on both the Turkish and the Arab sides deeply entrenched stereotypes have been reinforced in the course of the political history of the twentieth century. It is this historical burden that has so far prevented Turkey from playing more successfully the role of a mediator between Europe and the Middle East.
UNITED NATIONS 'In Larger Freedom' : Decision Time at the UN / by Kofi Annan., 2005. (FOREIGN AFFAIRS, vol. 84, no. 3, May - June 2005, p. 63-74.) ID Number: JA021488 Type: ART Author(s): 1. Annan, Kofi Dealing with today's threats requires broad, deep, and sustained global cooperation. Thus the states of the world must create a collective security system to prevent terrorism, strengthen nonproliferation, and bring peace to war-torn areas, while also promoting human rights, democracy, and development. And the UN must go through its most radical overhaul yet. The Report of the UN High-Level Panel and the Use of Force / by Natalino Ronzitti., 2005. (INTERNATIONAL SPECTATOR, vol. 40, no. 1, January - March 2005, p. 91-98.) ID Number: JA021477 Type: ART Author(s): 1. Ronzitti, Natalino The author looks into the proposals on the crucial issue of the use of force contained in the Report of the High-Level UN Panel on Threats, Challenges and Change. He reviews the Panel's considerations on a number of related aspects, including self-defence, authorisation of the use of force by the Security Council, peacekeeping and peace-enforcement, and the role of regional organisations. The Panel Report supports, among other things, the thesis that self-defence can be exercised by a state when an armed attack is imminent, not only when it has already taken place (while rejecting the Bush doctrine of preventive war). The author feels that this interpretation of the notion of self-defence can be shared in light of the development of new weapons and threats and urges states to take a stance on this point to contribute to the development of international law. Finally, the author feels that it would be important for the European Union to offer a unitary response to the Panel's Report.
UNITED NATIONS--PEACEKEEPING FORCES Between Public Peacekeepers and Private Forces : Can There Be a Third Way ? / by Christopher Spearin., 2005. (INTERNATIONAL PEACEKEEPING, vol. 12, no. 2, Summer 2005, p. 240-252.) ID Number: JA021485 Type: ART Author(s): 1. Spearin, Christopher The article analyses the non-profit/non-state approach for UN peacekeeping as manifest in the proposal made by the Global Peace and Security Partnership (GPSP). The article contends that while there is an obvious need for such an initiative, measured either by worldwide demand or by problems related to private, profit-seeking firms, this third way between public peacekeepers and private forces would face considerable challenges. These challenges would come in dealing with entrenched interests both within and outside of the UN, contending with the varying and limited impact of the profit motive and grappling with manpower limitations. The article provides constructive criticism of the non-profit approach and offers suggestions as to how it might be strengthened. Cosmopolitan Peacekeeping and the Globalization of Security / by Tom Woodhouse, Oliver Ramsbotham., 2005. (INTERNATIONAL PEACEKEEPING, vol. 12, no. 2, Summer 2005, p. 139-156.) ID Number: JA021484 Type: ART Author(s): 1. Woodhouse, Tom 2. Ramsbotham, Oliver UN peacekeeping is once again undergoing a period of intense critical scrutiny. Having passed through three major phases of development, from first (classical or traditional) to second (multidimensional) generation configurations, to a third phase in the mid- and late 1990s when peace support operations emerged, it currently faces another period of transition. This article speculates about the possible configuration of peacekeeping and its role in global politics. Debates about the role of peacekeeping in the international system should bring to the forefront a conception and practice of cosmopolitan peacekeeping, involving a capacity to protect civilians from violent conflict (the negative peace dimension) and the capacity to address the human security agenda adopted by the UN in recent years.
WAR Beyond Vom Kriege : The Character and Conduct of Modern War / by R. D. Hooker., 2005. (PARAMETERS, vol. 35, no. 2, Summer 2005, p. 4-17.) ID Number: JA021491 Type: ART Author(s): 1. Hooker, R. D.
WAR ON TERRORISM, 2001International Law and the War on Terrorism / by William S. Shepard., 2005. (MEDITERRANEAN QUARTERLY, vol. 16, no. 1, Winter 2005, p. 79-93.) ID Number: JA021512 Type: ART Author(s): 1. Shepard, William S.
WORLD BANK Saving the World Bank / by Sebastian Mallaby., 2005. (FOREIGN AFFAIRS, vol. 84, no. 3, May - June 2005, p. 75-85.) ID Number: JA021489 Type: ART Author(s): 1. Mallaby, Sebastian The next World Bank president will confront a nearly impossible challenge : saving the institution from a curious alliance of conservatives and radical activists that threatens to undercut its financial viability and effectiveness. Failure to head off the danger will mean the gradual decline of the best tool the world has for managing globalization, just when that tool is more needed than ever.