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Latin Examination Schedule
Term II, 2008
Question 1. Prepared Translations.
Each section is worth 1 mark. Award .5 for one error, and no mark for more than one error per section. Punish ALL recurring errors. A.
Itaque Mercurius etiam januas sepulchrorum aperit et mortuos ad regnum Plutonis ducit. Dum Mercurius petasum gerit, mortales nuntium deorum videre non possunt. Juno, regina deorum, nuntiam quoque habet. Iris, dea arcus pluvii, jussa Junonis ad mortales portat. In palla deae multi sunt colores. Cum Iris per caelum volat, multi colores sub radiis solis lucent.
Denique Chiron dixit, “Medicus clarus eris; magnum in Graecia templum aedificabis. Aegri e multis terris ad templum tuum venient.” Itaque Aesculapius in Graeciam properavit; ibi templum aedificavit. Medicus egregius multos aegros curabat; magister quoque erat medicae scientiae. Multi discipuli ad medicum clarum veniebant.
Unseen Translation. There are forty sections. Each section is worth 1 mark. Award .5 mark for one error, and no mark for more than one error. Do not punich recurring errors of vocabulary, but recurring errors of tense, person and number should be punished. Divide the resultant mark by four and then multiply by 2.5, rounding the result down to the nearest half mark. 1.
Question 2. Unseen Translation.
The Goddess Vesta. Initio dea Vesta habitabat in Olympo. Ibi di deaeque pugnabant, sed Vesta amabat pacem; itaque cupiebat descendere in terram; habebat in animo juvare mortales. Vesta dixit, “Incolae adorant deos, sed non habent templa.” Juppiter declaravit, “Mittam te ad terram; eris dea sacrarum flammarum. Incolae multarum terrarum aedificabunt optima templa auxilio tuo. Viri portabunt flammas ab tuis aris ad novas terras. Tum clarae flammae semper ascendent ab aris deorum.” Vesta igitur volavit ad terram. Post multos annos incolae Romae aedificaverunt alta et multa templa. Primo sacrae flammae semper ardebant in aris. Postea autem Romani non curabant aras; non jam flammae ascendebant. Dea Vesta rogavit irata, “Cur, Romani, non custoditis meas flammas? Si custodietis flammas diligenter, Roma semper erit tuta; aliter di viros punient.” Romani responderunt, “Puellae Romanae nunc custodient sacras flammas noctu atque interdiu; aras curabunt. Flammae semper ardebunt in templis deorum.” Denique Vesta erat laeta, et revenit ad Olympum.
In the beginning the goddess Vesta used to live on Olympus. There the gods and goddesses used to fight, but Vesta used to love peace. and so she was wanting to go down upon the earth; she had in mind to help mortals. Vesta said, “The inhabitants worship the gods, but they do not have temples.” Jupiter proclaimed, I shall send you to the earth; you will be the goddess of the sacred flames. The inhabitants of many lands will build very good temples with your assistance. Men will carry the flames from your altars to new lands. Then bright flames will always rise from the altars of the gods.” Vesta therefore flew to the earth. After many years the residents of Rome built many (and) tall temples. At first the sacred flames were always burning on the altars. Afterwards however the Romans were not maintaining the altars; no longer were flames rising. The goddess Vesta asked angrily, “Why, Romans, do you not guard my flames? If you (will) guard the flames carefully, Rome will always be safe; otherwise the gods will punish you.” The Romans answered, Roman maidens will now guard the sacred flames by night and (also) by day; they will maintain the altars. Flames will always burn in the temples of the gods.” Finally Vesta was content, and she returned to Olympus.
QUESTION THREE: GRAMMAR A.
From the Unseen Translation in Question 2, find an example of a:
flammarum, terrarum, deorum
mittam, eris, aedificabunt, ascendent
dixit, declaravit, volavit, revenit
initio, auxilio, noctu
optima, alta, multa
Write out the following verb tenses:
[a] present of disco, –ere, didici : to learn
[c] future of facio, –ere, feci : to make
[b] imperfect of punio, –ire, punivi : to punish
[d] perfect of do, dare, dedi : to give
[e] future of rideo, –ere, risi : to laugh
Using the verbs listed below, translate the following forms: muto, –are, mutavi : to change doceo, –ere, docui : to teach
scribo, –ere, scripsi : to write interficio, –ere, interfeci : to kill
will you teach?
I shall kill
we were teaching
you have written
they were writing
she will change
I was writing
you (s.) teach
will they write?
Using the irregular verbs listed below, translate the following forms: (8 marks) sum, esse, fui : to be
possum, posse, potui : to be able
we shall be
you will be able
to be able
we are able
she was able
they have been
they will be
you were able
potui / poteram
he will be
I shall be able
Write out the following declensions: (8 marks) DO NOT INCLUDE THE VOCATIVE CASE OR MEANINGS IN THESE TABLES. [a] scutum, –i, N., shield
nom acc gen dat abl
[c] nuntius, –i, M., messenger nom acc gen dat abl
[b] vita, –ae, F., life nom acc gen dat abl
[d] equus, –i, M., horse
nom acc gen dat abl
Use the words given to translate the following phrases into Latin, making the adjectives agree with their nouns. (6 marks)
for the tall men (vir, altus)
of the evil pirate (pirata, malus)
with my good friend (cum, bonus, amicus)
cum bono amico
the strong slaves (direct object) (validus, servus)
through the open door (per, apertus, janua)
per apertam januam
the large swords (subject) (magnus, gladius)
Answer the following questions:
What are the meanings of the dative case?
to / for
What is the vocative singular of magister, magistri, M.?
An adjective agrees with its noun in what three ways? number
What is the vocative plural form of agricola, –ae, M.?
Explain in full how you form a plural imperative?
infinitive minus –re plus –te 6.
Explain with as much detail as you can how to identify which conjugation a verb belongs to. Look at the infinitive and the first principal part when necessary; first decl. ends in –are; second decl. ends in –eo, –ere; third ends in –o, –ere; third –io ends in –io, –ere; fourth ends in –ire. Similar answers are fine; award half marks as you see fit. (2 marks)
What are the two parts of the neuter rule? Nominative and accusative form look the same; neuter plural nom. & acc. end in –a.
Identify the tenses and explain the difference between clamabam and clamavi. clamabam = imperfect, representing a long, background (past) action; clamavi = perfect, representing a completed (past) action